practices and enabling conditions for csa

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AnimalChange European Project n 266018 Kick-off Meeting

Practices and enabling conditions for CSA: current status in seven countries in Latin America

C. Bouroncle1, C. Corner-Dolloff2, A. Halliday1, A. Nowak2, B. Zavariz2, M. Lizarazo4, K. Argote2, M. Baca2, A. Fallot3, J.-F. Le Coq3, P. Imbach1, A. Bucher5, S. Edmeades5, A. Jarvis41CATIE, 2CIAT, 3CIRAD, 4CCAFS, 5WB, MontpellierMarch 16-18, 2015

Scope of CSA country profilesObjective: to provide a quick, concise and comparable baseline of the state of CSA across countries of interest to the World BankMethodology: Focus: main production systems and associated farmersInterviews, surveys and secondary data reviewed to describe/identify:National agriculture contextClimate change impactCSA technologies and practicesInstitutions and policies for CSACSA finance options and potential sourcesNot statistically representative

2Exposure to CC

Source: IPCC 2014Challenges CSA aims to addressGHG emissions from agricultureSources: National Communications to UNFCCCChallenges CSA aims to addressGg CO2 eqSocial & economic relevance of agricultureARGCOLPERCRIMEXSLVGRDAgricultural exports (% of total)531517366213Soybeans maizewheatCoffeeFlowersBananaCoffeeVegetablesAsparagusBananaPineappleCoffeeBarley beerTomatoTequilaCoffeeSugarMaizeNutmeg & cardamomCocoaBananaEmployment in agriculture(% EAP)172713132113Income per capita (current US$)12,0735,8175,2928,6508,0953,433NDImportance or agriculture for food security/sovereigntySelf-sufficientGrowing self-sufficiencyGrowing self-sufficiencyGrowing dependency on imports (basic grains)Growing dependency on imports (basic grains)Growing dependency on imports (Maize, meat and dairy products)Highly dependent on importsData source: WTO & FAOSTATChallenges CSA aims to addressquestions What is their degree of adoption?

What CSA practices are most promising?

What are the political and institutional constraints and opportunities for their dissemination and long term viability?

Of the ongoing agriculture practices, which are considered climate-smart?

Smartest practices for each production systemHow smart are CSA practices?What is their degree of adoption?

Argentina

Selected practices for each production systemHow smart are CS practices?What is their degree of adoption?

GrenadaA typology of CSA practicesWhich kind of CSA practices predominate?

Photos: CCAFS & CATIEMulti-purposeClimate variabilityWater scarcity Soil fertilityEmergent practices

Common challenges for wider CSA implementation ResourcesElementsNatural capitalLand tenure and distribution sowing poolsAccess to waterPatterns of land useKnowledgeR&D to identify and validate CSA techniques tailored to local contextsKnowledge sharing networksIntegrated Decision Support SystemsFinanceCreditsAgriculture insuranceInstitutionsFarmers organizations and associated local institutionsPolicyInter-sectorial dialogueShort-term visioning & long-term planningBottom up feedback Low emissions / adaptation development policies and some encouraging examplesCaseAchievementsJoint effort forStakeholdersOrganic cocoa plantations, GrenadaIncreased resilience to tropical storms & droughtsProducts diversificationMarket accessCocoa farmers cooperative + export company + German certificationcompanyInnovation hubs for conservation agriculture, MexicoNear 37,000 ha with higher productivity and lower input costsKnowledge generation and disseminationgovernment, private sector and research institutionsWater harvesting, PeruRecharged aquifersImproved production (livestock and orchards)Knowledge disseminationLocal NGO + local organizations + Andean governmentsMeteorological Observatory, El SalvadorNetwork for observation and distribution of agro-climatic informationClimate monitoringNational and local governmentsMarket incentives for conserve Patagonias grasslands, ArgentinaManagement and conservation plans6 million hectares of pastures certification (by 2018), Market accessOutdoor clothing company, an international NGO for conservation and a regional sheep farmers association

Thanks!You can find the profiles in both English and Spanish and all supplemental materials at:http://dapa.ciat.cgiar.org/CSA-profiles/ and on the WB Climate Change Knowledge Portal