prepared and edited by icomos documentation .prepared and edited by icomos documentation centre

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  • Prepared and edited by ICOMOS Documentation Centre. Updated by Aurlie LESAGE, intern, and Lucile SMIRNOV. Prpar et dit par le Centre de Documentation de lICOMOS. Actualis par Aurlie LESAGE, stagiaire, et Lucile SMIRNOV. ICOMOS Documentation Centre, January 2013. ICOMOS - International Council on Monuments and sites / Conseil International des Monuments et des Sites 49-51 rue de la Fdration 75015 Paris FRANCE http://www.icomos.org ICOMOS Documentation Centre / Centre de Documentation ICOMOS http://www.icomos.org/en/home-doc Contact : documentation@icomos.org Cover photographs: Photos de couverture : Mes Aynak archeological dig; More than 250 Afghan labourers are working with a team of international archeologists to excavate Mes AInak, an ancient Buddhist settlement 35km south of Kabul. They have already uncovered a series of four monasteries full of murals and statues, thought to date from the 3rd to the 7th centuries AD. The monasteries and settlements are on the site of an ancient copper mine - which may have first been used by humans up to 5000 years ago. The copper deposit, which is one of the largest in the world, was sold by the Afghan government to a Chinese state mining company. Jerome Starkey / Flickr ; Tiwanaku Pre-Columbian archaeological site, La Paz, Bolivia. twiga269 / Flickr ; Pompei ho visto nina volare / Flickr

    http://www.icomos.org/en/home-doc

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    Index

    General .................................................................................................. 5 Theory of archaeology ....................................................................................................... 5 Archaeologists - portraits and training aspects .................................................................. 6 Prospection and research methodology ............................................................................. 7 Management of archaeological sites.................................................................................. 9

    Some types of archaeological heritage ............................................. 10 Prehistoric sites ................................................................................................................10 Urban archaeological sites ...............................................................................................12 Heritage at risk .................................................................................................................13 Various .............................................................................................................................15

    Africa .................................................................................................... 16 Angola ..............................................................................................................................16 Botswana .........................................................................................................................17 Burkina Faso ....................................................................................................................17 Cameroon ........................................................................................................................17 Cape Verde ......................................................................................................................17 Central African Republic ...................................................................................................17 Eritrea ...............................................................................................................................17 Ethiopia ............................................................................................................................18 Guinea ..............................................................................................................................21 Ivory Coast .......................................................................................................................21 Kenya ...............................................................................................................................21 Liberia ..............................................................................................................................22 Madagascar ......................................................................................................................22 Mali ..................................................................................................................................22 Mozambique .....................................................................................................................23 Namibia ............................................................................................................................23 Nigeria ..............................................................................................................................23 Senegal ............................................................................................................................23 Sierra Leone .....................................................................................................................24 South Africa ......................................................................................................................24 Togo .................................................................................................................................25 Uganda .............................................................................................................................25 United Republic of Tanzania .............................................................................................25 Zambia .............................................................................................................................25 Zimbabwe .........................................................................................................................26

    Arab states .......................................................................................... 27 Algeria ..............................................................................................................................28 Bahrain .............................................................................................................................31 Djibouti .............................................................................................................................31 Egypt ................................................................................................................................31 Iraq ...................................................................................................................................36 Jordan ..............................................................................................................................37 Lebanon ...........................................................................................................................41 Libya.................................................................................................................................42 Malta ................................................................................................................................43 Morocco ...........................................................................................................................44 Oman ...............................................................................................................................44 Palestine ..........................................................................................................................45 Sudan ...............................................................................................................................46

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    Somalia ............................................................................................................................46 Syrian Arab Republic ........................................................................................................47 Tunisia ..............................................................................................................................49 United Arab Emirates .......................................................................................................55 Yemen ..............................................................................................................................55

    Asia & Pacific ...................................................................................... 56 Afghanistan ......................................................................................................................57 Bangladesh ......................................................................................................................59 Cambodia .........................................................................................................................59 China ................................................................................................................................62 India .................................................................................................................................66 Indonesia ..........................................................................................................................72 Iran, Islamic Republic of ...................................................................................................73 Japan ...............................................................................................................................75 Kazakhstan......................................................................

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