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Cubism

The little art style that..

Invented a whole new way of seeing the worldDefined art of the 20th centuryInfluenced every major artist now and in the future

Once upon a time, in a land far, far away

An artists primary job was to paint pictures of people, Leonardo Da Vinci, The Mona Lisa, 1479

places and stories so that everybody could know what they looked like. Jacques Louis David, The Oath of the Horatii, 1784

Then one day, in the middle of the 1800s, someone invented a camera which could do the artists job perfectly.

The artists were free to paint Jackson Pollock, Number 1, 1949

And sculpt however they wanted. Umberto Boccioni, Continuation of a Figure in Space, 1912

So they ended up inventing abstract art, images and ideas that dont represent the way things are in real life.

Georges Braque, Glass On a Table, 1909Pablo Picassoone of the most famous artists in the world, and some of his friends

Were the first artists to make paintings that you really couldnt tell what they really are. Fernand Leger, The City, 191911

Cubism Pablo Picasso, Le pigeon aux petits-pois, 1912

Picasso, much like other artists learning to be abstract, started out by painting realistically.

Pablo Picasso, Self Portrait with Uncombed Hair, 1896As a young boy he was an amazing artist. This was painted at just 12 years old. Later on, Picasso started to change, or abstract his colors to fit his mood and his life.

Like blue when he was sad.during his Blue PeriodPablo Picasso, The Old Guitarist, 1902.

and pink, bright colors when he was happy.. during his Rose PeriodPablo Picasso, Family of Saltimbanques, 1905

Along with Picasso, other artists like Georges Braque

and Juan Gris worked together to create the Cubist style.

They created Cubism by turning all objects into geometric shapes,

Georges Braque, Houses at L'Estaque 1908

Still Life with Flowers, Juan Gris, 1912

Pablo Picasso, Wine Glass, 1913.

Looking at objects from multiple angles.

Front and side of headsTop and bottom of tablePablo Picasso, Three Musicians. 1917

Front of GuitarSides of GuitarTable TopsJuan Gris, The Guitar, 1918

These artists worked closely together sharing ideas and even made some paintings which were really close to each other.

Georges Braque, Man with a Guitar, 1911

Pablo Picasso, The Aficionado, 1912

Cubism was an inspiration for other abstract artists and art movements, afterward.

You can see lots of geometric shapes in this abstract art from 1943.Piet Mondrian, Broadway Boogie Woogie, 1943

Apply these principles by creating a Cubist face. Cubist faces are going to apply traditional face drawing proportions and elements. Leonardo Da Vinci, Face Drawing.

Start with an oval for a head, add guidelines for your facial features. Center line

Hair Line

Eyes

Mouth

Eyes are almond shapes, pointy a corners. They should cross the guideline.

Eyes are one eye width apart.

Nose and ears are in between the eye guidelines and mouth guidelines. Nose should cross the center guideline.

Mouth is between the chin and mouth guideline. It should cross the center guideline.

Your mouth always has two lips on the outside of mouth opening.

Add a neck and hair.

Your hair should cover the top of your head and come down to the hair line guideline.

These faces are also going to apply Cubist elements of geometric shapes, multiple perspective and abstraction. Juan Gris, Portrait of Picasso, 1912

Start with a face oval, in the middle of the face,draw a profile. So now you can see the face from the front and the side.

Add your facial features, Eyes

Nose

Mouth

and scramble it up.

but you can make them into geometric shapes

You can finish your faces with additional shapes, hair, ears and a neck. No floating heads!

When you colorTake a tip from Picasso and make sure your colors are reflecting your persons feelings.

HappySad

Using geometric shapes all over. Being able to see things from different angles and sides. Cubism Faces should have the layout of a real face and use Cubism techniques.

Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1917Images used:

Boccioni, U. (1932). Unique Forms of Continuation in Space. [Bronze]. Retrieved from http://www.michaelarnoldart.com/Umberto%20Boccioni%20Futurist%20Artist.htm

Braque, G. (1909) Glass on a Table [Oil painting]. Retrieved from http://www.tate.org.uk/collection/T/T05/T05028_9.jpg

Braque, G. (1911) Man with a Guitar [Oil painting]. Retrieved from Artchive database.

Braque, G. (1908) The Houses a LEstaque [Oil painting]. Retrieved from Artchive database.

Da Vinci, L. (1479). Mona Lisa [Oil painting]. Retrieved from http://portraitxpress.files.wordpress.com/2008/10/mona-lisa.jpg

Da Vinci, L. Facial Proportions [Charcoal]. Retrieved from http://www.globalgallery.com/enlarge/81941/

Gris, J. (1912). Portrait of Picasso. [Oil Painting]. Retrieved from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/81/JuanGris.Portrait_of_Picasso.jpg

Gris, J. (1912). Still life with Flowers. [Oil Painting]. Retrieved from Artchive database.

Gris, J. (1918). The Guitar. [Oil Painting]. Retrieved from Artchive database.

Leger, F. (1919). The City. [Oil Painting]. Retrieved from Artchive database.

Louis, J. D. (1784). The Oath of the Horatii. [Oil Painting]. Retrieved from http://www.jacqueslouisdavid.org/Oath-of-the-Horatii-large.html

Mondrian, P. (1942). Broadway Boogie Woogie. [Acrylic painting]. Retrieved from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/1/13/Mondrian_Broadway_Boogie_Woogie.jpg

Okoye, C. Point of No Return. [Acrylic painting]. Retrieved from http://www.chidi.com/images/cubism/smallphotos/history-of-cubism-pointofnoreturn.jpg

Picasso, P. (1917). Le pigeon aux petits-pois [Oil painting]. Retrieved from http://aroundthesphere.files.wordpress.com/2010/05/picasso-le-pigeon-aux-petits-pois-1911.jpg

Picasso, P. (1917). Portrait of Dora Maar. [Oil painting]. Retrieved from http://cgfa.acropolisinc.com/picasso/picasso22.jpg

Picasso, P. (1896). Self Portrait with Uncombed Hair [Oil painting]. Retrieved from Artchive database.

Picasso, P. (1912). The Afficionado . [Oil painting]. Retrieved from Artchive database.

Picasso, P. (1906). The Family of Saltambiques. [Oil painting]. Retrieved from Artchive database.

Picasso, P. (1902). The Old Guitarist. [Oil painting]. Retrieved from Artchive database.

Picasso, P. (1917). Three Musicians. [Oil painting]. Retrieved from http://www.join2day.net/abc/P/picasso/picasso199.JPG

Picasso, P. (1913). Wine Glass. [Oil painting]. Retrieved from Artchive database.

Pollock, J. (1949). Number 1. [Acrylic painting]. Retrieved from Artchive database.

Portrait of Juan Gris[Oil Painting]. (1917). Retrieved from http://cubismatica.chez.com/artistes.htm

Portrait of Georges Braque [Photograph]. (1915). Retrieved from http://www.chez.com/cubismatica/ artistes.htm

Portrait of Pablo Picasso [Photograph]. (1955). Retrieved from http://www.cheqway.us/northwood/art/pages/art%20links.aspx