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  • PRESERVICE ELEMENTARY TEACHERS SCIENCE KNOWLEDGE,

    ATTITUDE TOWARD SCIENCE TEACHING AND THEIR EFFICACY BELIEFS

    REGARDING SCIENCE TEACHING

    A THESIS SUBMITTED TO

    THE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF NATURAL AND APPLIED SCIENCES

    OF

    MIDDLE EAST TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

    BY

    HLAL SARIKAYA

    IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS

    FOR

    THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF SCIENCE

    IN

    SECONDARY SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS EDUCATION

    SEPTEMBER 2004

  • Approval of the Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences.

    _______________________

    Prof. Dr. Canan ZGEN

    Director

    I certify that this thesis satisfies all the requirements as a thesis for the degree of

    Master of Science.

    ______________________

    Prof. Dr. mer GEBAN

    Head of Department

    This is to certify that we have read this thesis and that in our opinion it is fully

    adequate, in scope and quality, as a thesis fort he degree of Master of Science.

    __________________________________ __________________________________ Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ceren TEKKAYA Assist. Prof. Dr. Jale AKIROLU

    Co-Supervisor Supervisor Examining Committee Members Prof. Dr. Hamide ERTEPINAR (METU,ELE)

    Assist. Prof. Dr. Jale AKIROLU (METU,ELE)

    Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ceren TEKKAYA (METU,ELE)

    Assist. Prof. Dr. Semra SUNGUR (METU,ELE)

    Assist. Prof. Dr. Esen UZUNTRYAK (METU,SSME)

  • I hereby declare that all information in this document has been obtained and presented in accordance with academic rules and ethical conduct. I also declare that, as required by these rules and conduct, I have fully cited and referenced all material and results that are not original to this work. Name, Last Name : Hilal SARIKAYA

    Signature :

  • iv

    ABSTRACT

    PRESERVICE ELEMENTARY TEACHERS SCIENCE KNOWLEDGE,

    ATTITUDE TOWARD SCIENCE TEACHING AND THEIR EFFICACY BELIEFS

    REGARDING SCIENCE TEACHING

    SARIKAYA, Hilal

    M. Sc., The Department of Secondary Science and Mathematics Education

    Supervisor: Assist. Prof. Dr. Jale AKIROLU

    Co-Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ceren TEKKAYA

    September 2004, 114 Pages

    This study intended to explore preservice elementary teachers science

    knowledge level, attitude toward science teaching and their efficacy beliefs regarding

    science teaching. In addition, the contribution of science knowledge level and

    attitudes toward science teaching on Turkish preservice elementary teachers efficacy

    beliefs was investigated.

    The present study was conducted at the end of the spring semester of 2003-

    2004 academic year with a total number of 750 (n=531 females; n=216 males; and

    n=3 gender not provided) fourth-year preservice elementary teachers who enrolled at

  • v

    elementary teacher education programs of nine different universities in Turkey. Data

    were collected utilizing three questionnaires: the Science Teaching Efficacy Belief

    Instrument (STEBI-B) developed by Riggs and Enochs (1990), Science Achievement

    Test, and Science Teaching Attitude Scale developed by Thompson and Shrigley

    (1986).

    Data of the present study were analyzed utilizing descriptive and inferential

    statistics. Analysis of the self-efficacy survey indicated that preservice elementary

    teachers had moderate sense of self-efficacy beliefs regarding science teaching on

    both Personal Science Teaching Efficacy and Outcome Expectancy dimensions of

    the STEBI-B. Also, preservice elementary teachers indicated low level of science

    knowledge and generally positive attitude toward science teaching. Furthermore,

    science knowledge level and attitude towards science teaching made a statistically

    significant contribution to the variation in preservice elementary teachers personal

    science teaching efficacy beliefs and outcome expectancy.

    Key Words: Science Teaching Efficacy Beliefs, Personal Science Teaching

    Efficacy, Science Teaching Outcome Expectancy, Attitude toward Science Teaching,

    Science Knowledge Level

  • vi

    Z

    SINIF RETMEN ADAYLARININ BLG DZEYLER, FEN RETMNE

    YNELK TUTUMLARI VE ZYETERLK NANLARI

    SARIKAYA, Hilal

    Yksek Lisans, Orta retim Fen ve Matematik Alanlar Eitimi Blm

    Tez Yneticisi: Yrd. Do. Dr. Jale AKIROLU

    Yardmc Tez Yneticisi: Do. Dr. Ceren TEKKAYA

    Eyll 2004, 114 Sayfa

    Bu aratrma, snf retmeni adaylarnn fen bilgi dzeylerini, fen retimine

    ynelik tutumlarn ve zyeterlik inanlarn belirlemek amac ile yaplmtr. Buna

    ek olarak, snf retmeni adaylarnn fen bilgi dzeylerinin ve fen retimine

    ynelik tutumlarnn, fen retimine ynelik z yeterlik inanlarna katks

    incelenmitir.

    Bu alma, 2003-2004 bahar dneminde Trkiyedeki dokuz farkl

    niversitede ilkretim snf retmenlii blm son snfnda okuyan toplam 750

    (531 kz, 216 erkek ve 3 cinsiyetini belirtmemi) snf retmeni adayyla

    yrtlmtr. Veriler, Enochs ve Riggsin (1990) Fen retimi z Yeterlik nan

  • vii

    lei, Fen Bilgisi Testi ve Thompson ve Shringleyin (1986) Fen retimi Tutum

    lei ile toplanmtr.

    Aratrmann sonular, snf retmeni adaylarnn, fen retimi z-yeterlik

    leinin kiisel z yeterlik ve sonu beklentisi alt boyutlarnda, inanlarnn orta

    dzeyde olduunu gstermitir. Ayrca analiz sonular, snf retmeni adaylarnn

    fen retimine ynelik genellikle pozitif tutum gelitirdiklerini ve fen bilgi

    dzeylerinin dk olduunu gstermitir. Bunlara ek olarak, fen bilgi dzeyi ve fen

    retimine ynelik tutumun, snf retmeni adaylarnn kiisel z yeterlik ve sonu

    beklentisindeki deiimlerine istatistiksel olarak nemli katk yapt grlmtr.

    Anahtar Kelimeler: Fen retimine Ynelik z Yeterlik nanlar, Kiisel z

    Yeterlik, Sonu Beklentisi, Fen Bilgi Dzeyleri, Fen retimine Ynelik Tutum

  • viii

    To Jale AKIROLU

  • ix

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    I would like to thank to my supervisor Assist. Prof. Dr. Jale akrolu and

    co-supervisor Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ceren Tekkaya for their valuable guidance and

    helpful support throughout the study.

    I would like to express my special thanks to Assist. Prof. Dr. Ltfullah

    TRKMEN, Assist Prof. Dr. Mustafa SARIKAYA, Instructor Fatma BIKMAZ,

    Assit. Prof. Dr. zlem Sla AKIR, Instructor Aye SAVRAN for helping the

    implementation of the instruments at different universities.

    I am also grateful to the preservice elementary teachers who enrolled in this

    study by completing truthfully the questionnaires for their willing participation and

    valuable contribution to this study.

    Special thanks goes to my sister alar SARIKAYA, my fiancee D. Ayberk

    AVCI, and to my close friends Pelin AKYREK and Nazan RAKICI for their

    valuable contributions and supports to this study. I feel very fortunate that I have

    friends like you.

    Beyond all, I am indebted very much to my mother S. Meral SARIKAYA for

    her continuous encouragement, patiance, understanding and love. Thank you dearly.

  • x

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    ABSTRACT................................................................................................................ iv

    Z ............................................................................................................................... vi

    DEDICATION...........................................................................................................viii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ........................................................................................ ix

    TABLE OF CONTENTS............................................................................................. x

    LIST OF TABLES ....................................................................................................xiii

    LIST OF SYMBOLS ................................................................................................. xv

    CHAPTER INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................... 1

    1.1. Background of the Study................................................................................... 1

    1.2 Purpose of the Study .......................................................................................... 4

    1.3 Definitions of Important Terms ......................................................................... 5

    1.4. Educational Significance................................................................................... 5

    REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE.............................................................................. 7

    2.1 The Construct and Measurement of Teachers Efficacy Beliefs ....................... 7

    2.2 Science Knowledge and Attitudes and Beliefs toward Science Teaching Held

    By Preservice Elementary Teachers.................................................................. 24

    METHOD OF THE STUDY ..................................................................................... 32

    3.1 Research Design and Procedure....................................................................... 32

    3.2 The Statement of the Research Problem of the Present Study......................... 33

    3.2.1 Research Questions and Related Sub-problems........................................... 33

    3.2.2. The Statement of the Statistical