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  • Changing World, Changing Views of Heritage:

    heritage and social change

    Proceedings of the ICOMOS Scientific Symposium

    Dublin Castle

    30 October 2010

    Dublin, Ireland

  • ICOMOS International Secretariat, 49-51 rue de la Fdration, F-75015 Paris - France ICOMOS, 2012 All rights reserved. ISBN 978-2-918086-04-8

  • Symposium Working Group Pamela Jerome, Scientific Council Officer, ISCEAH Vice President, ISC20C Neil Silberman, Chair, ICIP President Sofia Avgerinou-Kolonias, CIVVIH Acting President, CIIC Secretary General Sheridan Burke, ISC20C President Douglas Comer, ICAHM Co-President Peter Cox, ICOMOS Ireland Vice President Milagros Flores, ICOFORT President Jaroslaw Kilin, CIF Vice President James Reap, ICLAFI former President Grellan Rourke, ICOMOS Ireland President Boguslaw Szmygin, ISCTC Secretary General Symposium Editorial Committee Susan Duyker, ICOMOS Australia Robyn Riddett, ICORP Sue Jackson-Stepowski, ICSBH Vice President, CIVVIH Editor Elene Negussie, ICOMOS Ireland, CIVVIH Co-ordination and layout Bernadette Bertel-Rault, ICOMOS International Secretariat Gaia Jungeblodt, ICOMOS International Secretariat Host National Committee ICOMOS Ireland Symposium sponsors BAM Contractors Bank of Ireland Bord Gis Networks Buto CRH Dell Department of Environment, Heritage and Local Government Dublin City Council Filte Ireland Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany Embassy of France Embassy of Switzerland Embassy of the United States of America PUNCH Consulting Engineers Railway Procurement Agency The Heritage Council The Office of Public Works Treasury Holdings Disclaimer Photos and images presented in the texts are the copyrights of the authors unless otherwise indicated. The opinions expressed in the articles do not commit ICOMOS in any way and are the sole responsibility of their authors. Cover photo (front) Skellig Michael, World Heritage Site, Ireland, Tiantom Jarutat Church of Saint Giorgis, Rock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela, World Heritage Site, Ethiopia Jongmyo Park, Seoul, Korea Maximilian Tower, Poland Urban Lanscape of Seul, Korea Sydney Conservatorium of Music, Australia

  • Foreword

    Gustavo Araoz, President, ICOMOS It is my pleasure to introduce to our membership and to the international cultural heritage community the proceedings of the third and final stage of the program adopted by the Scientific Council of ICOMOS to gain and disseminate a greater understanding of the profound effects that rapid global changes are having on the role that cultural heritage plays in contemporary society and on the ways in which the specialized heritage community can give it the best protection. Over the past years, the program looked at the effects of the increasing rates of change in climate and technology, culminating with this focus on the acceleration of social change. As communities throughout the world have come to recognize the importance of their cultural heritage, a number of unexpected results have arisen which demand our close analysis. These include the emergence of new heritage categories, a growing convergence of intangible and tangible heritage, and an increasing demand for traditional conservation specialists to share our decision-making authority with those individuals and groups that have strong links to a particular heritage site. The tasks of conservation are further complicated by the phenomena of cultural and economic globalization, explosive urbanization, broad and diasporic movements, the uneven distribution of resources, and the growing influence of civil society that are explored in this volume. The proceedings of this symposium along with those of the previous two, constitute an important contribution that sheds new light on all these issues and gives us a solid orientation on the tools that need to be developed to protect the cultural heritage in the 21st century. This third symposium, organized to coincide with the 2010 Advisory Committee Meeting of ICOMOS was held in Dublin Castle, under the able and generous auspices of the Irish National Committee of ICOMOS and numerous Irish Government agencies, professional institutions and the sponsors. The extraordinary support provided by the superb team of ICOMOS Ireland, and in particular that of Grellan Rourke, Peter Cox and Elene Negussie who secured the success of our work in Dublin deserves special recognition. Our gratitude also goes to Pamela Jerome and Neil Silberman for the intellectual conceptualization and organization of the symposium.

  • Table of Contents Foreword Gustavo Araoz, President, ICOMOS 3 Introduction Pamela Jerome, Scientific Council Officer, ICOMOS 5 Neil Silberman, Symposium Chair, ICOMOS Opening speeches Mary McAleese, President of Ireland 7 Ciarn Cuffe, Minister of State for Sustainable Transport, 9 Horticulture, Planning and Heritage Selected papers Protecting Krakws heritage through the power of social networking 11 Monika Bogdanowska, ICOMOS Poland Martin Taylor, Tsirus UK Limited, United Kingdom Excavating globalisation from the ruins of colonialism: 18 archaeological heritage management responses to cultural change Tracy Ireland, Australia ICOMOS, ICAHM The long and winding road: a challenge to ICOMOS members 29 Sheridan Burke, Australia ICOMOS, ISC20C President Sense of place in changing communities: the plurality of heritage values 37 Stephanie K. Hawke, Ph.D., Newcastle University, United Kingdom Dublin docklands: the urban fabric as cultural heritage 45 Agustina Martire, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom Heritage conservation as urban regeneration policy in globalizing 56 cities: social exclusion and gentrification at the vicinity of the Jongmyo World Heritage site in Seoul, Korea Hee Kyoung Yeo, Cultural Heritage Administration of Korea Sung Mi Han, Seoul National University, Korea Grosse le and Boulevard Saint-Laurent 63 Marc de Caraffe, ICOMOS Canada, CIAV President Rural agricultural heritage and landscape in country-city migrations: 69 the utopia of development Juan de Orellana, ICOMOS Peru, ISCCL, ICIH Rossana Miranda, Colegio de Arquitectos del Per Conserving the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela as a World Heritage 76 site: a case for international support and local participation Elene Negussie, ICOMOS Ireland, CIVVIH Heritage and social change: anticipating future trends 82 Diane Barthel-Bouchier, US/ICOMOS Concluding synthesis Summaries of breakout sessions and recommendations 87 Pamela Jerome, Scientific Council Officer, ICOMOS Neil Silberman, Symposium Chair, ICOMOS Contributed poster presentations 91

  • 5

    Introduction

    Pamela Jerome, Scientific Council Officer, ICOMOS Neil Silberman, Symposium Chair, ICOMOS This symposium, third in a series of events organized by the ICOMOS Scientific Council, was held on Saturday 30 October 2010 at Dublin Castle, in connection with the annual ICOMOS Advisory Committee Meeting. This symposium was part of a multi-year program of inter-disciplinary research on Global Climate Change and its effects on cultural heritage. The first of these, held at the Advisory Committee Meeting in Pretoria in 2007, dealt directly with the issue of Heritage and Climate Change. The Advisory Committee subsequently approved the continuation of this symposium series, with the theme of Heritage and Technological Change examined at the symposium held at the Advisory Committee Meeting in Valletta, Malta on 7 October 2009, and the theme of Heritage and Social Change addressed in Dublin in 2010. The three change themes were chosen to focus scholarly and professional attention on the challenges ICOMOS now faces, as highlighted in ICOMOS President Gustavo Araozs Tolerance for Change online forum and the activities of a number of individual International Scientific Committees (ISC), including the Committee for the Theory and Philosophy of Conservation. The reason for this concern with change is clear. The 21st century has already witnessed far-reaching political, economic and cultural transformations of industrialization, urbanization, mass migration, regional fragmentation, ethnic tensions, and the fluctuations of transnational markets that transcend national and cultural boundaries. No country or continent has remained unaffected by the globalizing tendencies - either in the wholesale obliteration of traditional landscapes and abandonment of distinctive building forms, or in a zealous retreat into nostalgia and self-representation as picturesque, exotic (and not entirely authentic) tourist destinations. Both responses pose some basic questions for ICOMOS: how do the rapid and far-reaching changes of the present era affect the foundations of heritage practice? How effectively do national heritage codes and categories address the dislocations and todays sweeping development plans? In the same way that Global Climate Change (GCC) is altering familiar landscapes and environmental relations, and technological change (TC) is transforming commu-nication and information networks, the social changes of massively shifting populations, unprecedented industrial development, and dramatically changing lifestyles and landscapes are creating new meanings for the cultural hybrids of local and global all over the world. Since cultural heritage is created by people and valued by people, it seems quite evident that changes in lifestyles, values, and economics will undoubtedly have

    significant impacts on both the form and significance of heritage. Indeed, the relationship between Heritage and Social Change (SoCh) lies at the heart of some of the most important intellectual and professional paradigms now emerging in the heritage world. The goal of the Dublin symposium was thus to explore the impacts of social change on heritage policy and practice and to as