progress of climate smart agriculture (csa) project - snv cambodia

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Presentation slides for CSA meeting in Nepal in March 2014


  • 1. Project rationale, activities and accomplishments CSA Cambodia 2013 / 2014 Kathmandu CSA Meeting 4-5 March 2014
  • 2. Project Rationale 2012 projects (Water innovations & Action Research) Further context analysis not done Planning according to Project doc: Align with PADEE project (main rice wet season of 2013) Partner =GDA; sub-departments of Rice Crop and Agricultural Extension. Expanding the CC vulnerability assessment to all 5 PADEE provinces, from the 1-2 provinces covered by PADEE project partner (IDE) and ACIAR. (a) improved fertiliser recommendations specific for soil types and (b) new rice variety farmer adoption. Application of the HIT TVET approach; to incorporate the CSA recommendations coming out of the field demonstrations into the GDA technical and extension manuals. Make the HIT TVET approach applicable to agriculture sector with specific focus on CSA. No ToC set up/ only activities (output level) 2
  • 3. Activities and accomplishment in 2013 1. Fertilizer on Farm Trial on Rice Plant during Wet season 2. Final evaluation of the pilot projects rice and vegetable using water storage and supply systems 3. HIT application vulnerability assessment tools 3
  • 4. 1) Fertilizer on Farm Trial on Rice Plant at Wet season Addressing enabling environment; collaboration between key stakeholders; RUA, CARDI, GDA Students involved; directly linking with learning agenda PADEE Existing Protocol; Recommendation on fertilizer use; for specific soil types by Cambodian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI). Changing of rice production techniques such as transplanting, broadcasting, different seed rates and different varieties in different seasons (wet, early wet and dry season) Assumption: current climate conditions (flood and drought) caused a variation in chemical fertilizer rates required to meet an optimum rice yield. 4
  • 5. The objectives Assess the optimum fertilizer application rates on the Prateah Lang soil type through the comparison of different N P K rates; Determine the rice yield from different chemical fertilizer application rates and make a comparison; Determine the financial investment rate of return Provide a better fertilizer recommendation rate for future on the selected type; to be adopted by GDA and CARDI 5
  • 6. Activities The on-farm trials (3 locations) during wet-season 2013. Prateah Lang soil type was selected to conduct on-farm trials, Phka Rumduol, medium rice variety The research by students of Faculty of Agronomy of Royal University of Agriculture (RUA), and voluntary farmers. This assignment was technically supported and by 2 associate researchers/lecturers of the Faculty of Agronomy science. Farm Field Day; collective harvesting and analysis of results 6
  • 7. Farmer Field day 7
  • 8. Accomplishment Optimum fertilizer application rate assessed The grain yield increased significantly with chemical fertilizer application, comparable to no-fertilizer application. The profit was also statistically higher in chemical treatments. Students used the findings from the trials for their thesis 8
  • 9. Evaluation: Promotion of vegetable, and rice production through water storage and supply systems enhancement Rationale Flood and drought; the 2 main extreme climate events occurring every year. Cambodia is vulnerable to the impacts of the climate change due to low adaptive capacity. Limitation capacity of managing water resource Limitation of irrigation system, make majority of farmers suffered from the lack of water to do crops cultivation, especially dry season. Drilled wells were established in the past few years by farmers. Farmers complained about their water dry up during the dry season. 9
  • 10. Objectives: A: Promoting vegetable crop production through water storage and supply system enhancement Assumption: Use of appropriate water storage, supply system, reducing farmer expenses for diesel use to irrigate crops and improving farming household income. B: Rice production enhancement through wind-pump water supply system. Assumption: Rice production enhancement through use of wind pump for water supply; reduce underground water pumping, reduce the high expenses diesel cost and contribute to sustainable water resource management. 10
  • 11. Project A: The scenario one cost in average of 635$ (tarpaulin, Rovai pump and farmer investment). Scenario two focuses on investment on only tarpaulin-lining without Rovai pump costing 260$. 11
  • 12. Model 12
  • 13. Accomplishment Tarpaulin pond & Rovai pump 13 Indicators Accomplishment Outputs: 10 plastic lining ponds will be developed. Each pond has water storage capacity of around 130m3; 10 plastic lining ponds developed Outcome: 4 crop cycles per year will be implemented by using quick growing crop species and market demand vegetable varieties; 3 crop cycles of vegetable production. Impact: Increase farmer net income at least US$400 per year generated from 1000m2 cultivated land; The net profit was seen as an increase from $ 174 to $ 225. On average only 414 square meters for vegetable cultivation 80% of the improved ponds were used for fish-raising, for both home consumption and sale. Impact: Deduct farmers expenses for diesel use to pump water at least US$240/year; The cost of diesel/gasoline is remarkably reduced from 19 $ to 5$.
  • 14. Project B: Wind pump used to contribute water supply to farmers, where farm land situated near the water source by bringing water to the field. Costs: 3,850 USD 2 pumps Two pumps installed on the edge of a reservoir to bring water from the reservoir to the nearby paddy fields; to reduce or avoid fuel-based pumping and the use of underground water. Fifteen farming households whose paddy fields are located near by the installed pumps were selected to participate in the pilot project. 14
  • 15. Accomplishment: Wind pump 15 Indicators Accomplishment Output: 2 wind pumps installed in the target location for supplying water to rice and vegetable crops; 2 wind pumps installed and groups trained in usage (2 groups) Outcome: Farmers have enough water to irrigate 3 crop cycles/year by using short, purity rice seed; No difference in # production cycle achieved (2 cycles per year) Outcome: 4 hectare of paddy field with enough water to irrigate; Four Farmers (about 26%) tried to cultivate vegetable during March to May. This additional cultivation could provide either vegetable for home consumption or gross income from sale of about USD118.
  • 16. 16 Indicators Accomplishment Outcome At least 36 tons of paddy will produced by 4ha of rice field/ year; Outcome 34.68 tons Outcome: Deduct farmer expenses on diesel use at least US$1200/year; Outcome diesel required for pumping water is decreased from 13 litres to 7 litres for the wet season rice production, and reduced from 90 litres to 19 litres for the dry season rice production.
  • 17. 3) HIT + Vulnerability assessment tools Review of the vulnerability assessment tools (from Nepal) to make more community friendly Field exercise was conducted in with cassava farmers in Kampong Cham Province to test and validate the vulnerability assessment tools Basic outline of HIT application (not finished) 17
  • 18. Activities in 2014 1. Recruitment of CSA advisor (done) 2. Formal context and stakeholder analysis for Rice, Vegetable and Cassava crops (in process) 3. Wind pump innovation follow-up (in process) 4. Vulnerability assessment on cassava production in Kampong Cham province (in process) 5. Second trial; fertilizer application in Prateshlang soil type located in Takeo Province; 15 trials with total 315 plots by 5 intern students of the RUA 6. MfR; design of TOC (in process), selection intervention area and focus 18
  • 19. Context analysis for Rice, Vegetable and Cassava crops Limited number of the development organization work on the climate smart agriculture Limited sharing of best practices among practitioners The context and stakeholder analysis required as input for designing of CSA TOC for SNV Cambodia; respond to the problems and priority needs of the communities 19
  • 20. 2) Wind pump innovation follow-up Objective: Follow up on usage of the equipment and other related materials of the technologies in a responsible manner If we leave the equipment; ensure the windmills are in use by the groups with valid User Management Committees or take away the equipment 20
  • 21. Conclusion: In general, wind mill attracted interest from all people, farmers, because it provide a better water problem solving, supply water to farm without spending money for purchasing pumping machine and diesel. Water can supply to crops anytime they cultivated. Technical problem (rope break) too many times per year => water produced by wind pump did not reach to the farmer needed. Farmer not able to fix the problem (rope break) because they are scared to climb to fix rope on the 15 meter tall, they afraid accident would occurred. This much relied on technical person from CDI, with they based near Phnom Penh (100km, away from the area) to fix anytime that wind mill have problems; Limited wind blow is another factor that can make the water produced by wind mill is limited. 21
  • 22. Propose next action for improving the wind pump Good quality service from the service providers should be provided Strengthen community participation to manage the wind pump. Internal regulation must be developed within the farmer group to specify role of members, Develop action plan for improving the water distribution canal from the wind pump to the farm in order to provide fair water distribution and utilization; Action plan for crop cultivation in the target area is recommended, However, propose only vegetable crop that less water consumption, rather then rice crop. 22
  • 23. Vulnerability assessment on cassava production in Kampong Cham province Vulnerability assessment on cassava production in Kampong Cham province conducted The vulnerability assessment tools (from Nepal) was used Major findings: Drought is the mayor climatic problem affecting the cassava production; cassava production is delayed. Water logging from heavy rain rot the cassava tubers. In 2013, most of the cassava was affected by witches broom disease, mealy bug, and the farmers have no proper solutions. The cassava is planted in monoculture for many years, affecting soil fertility has degraded as cassava is planted on the same land for several years. The yield of cassava has decreased from 20 t/ha in the last ten years to about 10 t/ha in 2013. 23
  • 24. 4) fertilizer farm trials Second trial; fertilizer application in Prateshlang soil type located in Takeo Province; 15 trials with total 315 plots by 5 intern students of the RUA Final reports (first and second trials) drafted A dialogue to be organized with CARDI, GDA, RUA and other stakeholders Objectives of the dialogues is to present the findings on the fertilizer on-farm trials; possibly with GIZ (ASEAN Bio-control for sustainable Agrifood Systems GDA, CARDI, RUA, are interested to do more trials on the different rates of P and K. 24
  • 25. MfR; design of TOC, selection intervention area and focus Focus: Water storage solutions for Vegetable VC Adapting production techniques (Cassava) Wind mill facing out Fertiliser dialogues Intervention areas: - Svay Rieng (overlap with PADEE and possibly FS) - Kampong Cham (Cassava project) - 25
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  • 27. Okun Charan! 27