promising practices in student engagement and retention
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DESCRIPTIONCALEM 2014 presentation: Promising Practices in Student Engagement and Retention, George Kuh, University of Illinois. This presentation considers key factors related to student persistence and success including student engagement and satisfaction, it will illustrate the kinds of policies and "high impact" practices that channel student and institutional effort toward educationally purposeful activities as well as boost the performance of historically underrepresented students and the less well-prepared.
- 1.George D. KuhGeorge D. Kuh CALEMCALEM July 23, 2014 Atlanta, GA Promising PracticesPromising Practices in Studentin Student Engagement andEngagement and PersistencePersistence
2. We all want the same thing toWe all want the same thing to provide educational experiencesprovide educational experiences that result inthat result in all learnersall learners acquiring the desired knowledge,acquiring the desired knowledge, proficiencies and dispositions.proficiencies and dispositions. 3. Factors That Threaten Persistence andFactors That Threaten Persistence and Graduation from CollegeGraduation from College academically underprepared foracademically underprepared for college-level workcollege-level work gap between high school and collegegap between high school and college part-time enrollmentpart-time enrollment single parentsingle parent financially independentfinancially independent children at homechildren at home 30+ hours working per week30+ hours working per week first-generation college studentfirst-generation college student 4. The Major TasksThe Major Tasks Teach students to: ReflectReflect think about their thinking and experiences in and out of the classroom, on and off the campus IntegrateIntegrate connect and grasp the relevance of what they are learning from different courses, out-of-class experiences, and life beyond the institution ApplyApply transfer and use what one has learned in different settings that present novel challenges and opportunities 5. OverviewOverview What the world needs now Engagement and high-impact practices: Why they matter Six priorities for our work 6. Economy Defined by GreaterEconomy Defined by Greater Workplace ChallengesWorkplace Challenges andand DynamismDynamism More than 1/3 of the entire US labor force changes jobs ANNUALLY. Today's students will have 10-14 jobs by age 38! Half of workers have been with their company less than 5 years. Every year, more than 30 million Americans are working in jobs that did not exist in the previous year. DOL-BLS 7. The World is Demanding MoreThe World is Demanding More more workers with postsecondary credentials more educated workers with higher levels of learning and knowledge 8. Key Capabilities Open the Door forKey Capabilities Open the Door for Career Success and EarningsCareer Success and Earnings Irrespective of college major or institutional selectivity, what matters to career success is students development of a broad set of cross-cutting capacities Anthony Carnevale, Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce 9. Narrow Learning is Not Enough: The Essential Learning Outcomes Knowledge of Human Cultures and the Physical & Natural World Intellectual and Practical Skills Personal and Social Responsibility Deep Integrative LearningDeep Integrative Learning 10. Deep, Integrative LearningDeep, Integrative Learning Attend to the underlying meaningAttend to the underlying meaning of information as well as contentof information as well as content Integrate and synthesize differentIntegrate and synthesize different ideas, sources of informationideas, sources of information Discern patterns in evidence orDiscern patterns in evidence or phenomenaphenomena Apply knowledge in differentApply knowledge in different situationssituations View issues from multipleView issues from multiple perspectivesperspectives 11. Employers On Accountability Challenge December 2007 Hart Research for 12. Early College Indicators ofEarly College Indicators of Persistence and SuccessPersistence and Success Goal realizationGoal realization Psycho-social fitPsycho-social fit Credit hours completedCredit hours completed Academic and social supportAcademic and social support Involvement in the right kindsInvolvement in the right kinds of activitiesof activities 13. What Really Matters in College? Student EngagementStudent Engagement Because iBecause individual effort andndividual effort and involvement are the criticalinvolvement are the critical determinants of college impact,determinants of college impact, institutions should focus oninstitutions should focus on the ways they can shape theirthe ways they can shape their academic, interpersonal, andacademic, interpersonal, and extracurricular offerings toextracurricular offerings to encourageencourage studentstudent engagementengagement.. Pascarella & Terenzini, 2005, p. 602Pascarella & Terenzini, 2005, p. 602 14. Student Engagement TrifectaStudent Engagement Trifecta What studentsWhat students dodo -- time and energy-- time and energy devoted to educationally purposefuldevoted to educationally purposeful activitiesactivities What institutionsWhat institutions dodo -- using-- using effective educational practices toeffective educational practices to induce students to do the rightinduce students to do the right thingsthings Educationally effective institutionsEducationally effective institutions channel student energy towardchannel student energy toward thethe right activitiesright activities 15. Good Practices inGood Practices in Undergraduate EducationUndergraduate Education (Chickering & Gamson, 1987;(Chickering & Gamson, 1987; Pascarella & Terenzini, 2005)Pascarella & Terenzini, 2005) Student-faculty/staff contactStudent-faculty/staff contact Active learningActive learning Prompt feedbackPrompt feedback Time on taskTime on task High expectationsHigh expectations Respect for diverse learning stylesRespect for diverse learning styles Cooperation among studentsCooperation among students 16. National Survey ofNational Survey of Student EngagementStudent Engagement (pronounced nessie) Community CollegeCommunity College Survey of StudentSurvey of Student EngagementEngagement (pronounced cessie) College student surveys that assess the extent to which students engage in educational practices associated with high levels of learning and development 17. Grades, persistence, studentGrades, persistence, student satisfaction, gains across asatisfaction, gains across a range of desired outcomes,range of desired outcomes, and engagement go hand inand engagement go hand in handhand 18. Its more complicated than thisIts more complicated than this Many of the effects of collegeMany of the effects of college are conditionalare conditional Some are compensatorySome are compensatory Some have unusually positiveSome have unusually positive effects effects high impact practiceshigh impact practices 19. High-Impact ActivitiesHigh-Impact Activities First-Year Seminars and ExperiencesFirst-Year Seminars and Experiences Common Intellectual ExperiencesCommon Intellectual Experiences Learning CommunitiesLearning Communities Writing-Intensive CoursesWriting-Intensive Courses Collaborative Assignments and ProjectsCollaborative Assignments and Projects Science as Science Is Done;Science as Science Is Done; Undergraduate ResearchUndergraduate Research Diversity/Global LearningDiversity/Global Learning Service Learning, Community-BasedService Learning, Community-Based LearningLearning InternshipsInternships Capstone Courses and ProjectsCapstone Courses and Projects 20. AAC&U HIPs ResourcesAAC&U HIPs Resources 21. AAC&U HIPs ResourcesAAC&U HIPs Resources 22. Integrating ideas or information from various sources Included diverse perspectives in class discussions/writing Put together ideas from different courses Discussed ideas with faculty members outside of class Discussed ideas with others outside of class Analyzing the basic elements of an idea, experience, or theory Essential Learning Outcome: NSSE Deep/Integrative Learning Synthesizing & organizing ideas, info., or experiences Making judgments about the value of information Applying theories to practical problems or in new situations Examined the strengths and weaknesses of your own views Tried to better understand someone else's views Learned something that changed how you understand an issue 23. Effects of Participating in High-Impact ActivitiesEffects of Participating in High-Impact Activities on Deep/Integrative Learning and Gainson Deep/Integrative Learning and Gains Deep Learning Gains General Gains Personal Gains Practical First-Year Learning Communities +++ ++ ++ ++ Service Learning +++ ++ +++ ++ Senior Study Abroad ++ + ++ Student-Faculty Research +++ ++ ++ ++ Internship ++ ++ ++ ++ Service Learning +++ ++ +++ ++ Culminating Experience ++ ++ ++ ++ + p < .001, ++ p < .001 & Unstd B > .10, +++ p < .001 & Unstd B > .30 24. Effects of Participating in High-Impact ActivitiesEffects of Participating in High-Impact Activities on Student Engagementon Student Engagement Level of Academic Challenge Active and Collab. Learning Student- Faculty Interaction Supportive Campus Env. First-Year Learning Communities ++ +++ +++ ++ Service Learning ++ +++ +++ ++ Senior Study Abroad ++ ++ ++ + Student-Faculty Research +++ +++ +++ ++ Internship ++ +++ +++ ++ Service Learning ++ +++ +++ ++ Culminating Experience ++ ++ +++ ++ + p < .001, ++ p < .001 & Unstd B > .10, +++ p < .001 & Unstd B > .30 25. High-Impact ActivitiesHigh-Impact Activities Increase Odds Students Will:Increase Odds Students Will: Invest time and effortInvest time and effort Interact with faculty and peersInteract with faculty and peers about substantive mattersabout substantive matters Experience diversityExperience diversity Get more frequent feedbackGet more frequent feedback Discover relevance of learningDiscover relevance of learning through real-world applicationsthrough real-world applications Publicly demonstrate competencePublicly demonstrate competence 26. High-Impact ActivitiesHigh-Impact Activities Increase Odds Students Will:Increase Odds Students Will: Invest time and effort Interact with faculty and peers about substantive matters Experience diversity Get more frequent feedback Discover relev