protestant baroque. restrained or protestant baroque dutch republic dutch republic calvinist...

Download Protestant Baroque. Restrained or Protestant Baroque Dutch Republic Dutch Republic Calvinist Calvinist Visual arts? Visual arts? Not commissioned by Churches

Post on 28-Mar-2015

212 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Slide 1

Protestant Baroque Slide 2 Restrained or Protestant Baroque Dutch Republic Dutch Republic Calvinist Calvinist Visual arts? Visual arts? Not commissioned by Churches Not commissioned by Churches Religious art is subtle Religious art is subtle Home decoration Home decoration Still life Still life Landscapes Landscapes Portraits Portraits People at work People at work Rembrant van Rijn (1606-69) Rembrant van Rijn (1606-69) Jan Vermeer (1632-75) Jan Vermeer (1632-75) Slide 3 Protestant Baroque Music Slide 4 Handel and Oratorio After Italian opera went out of fashion, he turned to Oratorio After Italian opera went out of fashion, he turned to Oratorio In English In English Musical style Musical style Choruses Choruses Recitative Recitative Arias (da capo) Arias (da capo) Slide 5 The Messiah (1742) First performed in Dublin for charity First performed in Dublin for charity Slide 6 Johann Sebastian Bach 1685-1750 Age 35 Age 50 Slide 7 Kapellmeister at Cthen 1717-1723 The Prince was a Calvinist The Prince was a Calvinist Bach concentrated on secular music Bach concentrated on secular music Well-Tempered Clavier Well-Tempered Clavier Concertos Concertos Slide 8 The Brandenburg Concertos 6 Concertos for various combinations of instruments 6 Concertos for various combinations of instruments No. 5 in D Major (harpsichord, violin, flute, strings, and continuo) No. 5 in D Major (harpsichord, violin, flute, strings, and continuo) [We must now digress a bit to catch you up on the Concerto; well return to Bach in a few minutes] Slide 9 The Concerto Grosso Contrast between large and small groups of players Contrast between large and small groups of players Ripieno or tutti Ripieno or tutti concertino concertino Solo concerto- large group and soloist Solo concerto- large group and soloist Three movements: Fast, slow, fast Three movements: Fast, slow, fast Dynamics? Dynamics? Slide 10 The Concerto: Ritornello Form Ritornello contrast Ritornello contrast Ritornello Tutti Concertino Tutti Concertino Tutti Tutti Concertino Tutti Concertino Tutti Main key contrasting Main Slide 11 Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741) Worked for an orphanage in Venice Worked for an orphanage in Venice Composed over 450 concertos Composed over 450 concertos The Four Seasons (1725) The Four Seasons (1725) La Primavera (Spring), Op. 8, No. 1 La Primavera (Spring), Op. 8, No. 1 Slide 12 First Movement: Allegro Spring has come, and joyfully, The birds greet it with a happy song. And the streams, fanned by gentle breezes, Flow along with a sweet murmur. Covering the sky with a black cloak, Thunder and lighting come to announce the season. When these have quieted down, the little birds Return to their enchanting song. Slide 13 The Brandenburg Concertos 6 Concertos for various combinations of instruments 6 Concertos for various combinations of instruments No. 5 in D Major (harpsichord, violin, flute, strings, and continuo) No. 5 in D Major (harpsichord, violin, flute, strings, and continuo) Three movements Three movements Fast slow fast Fast slow fast Ritornello form Ritornello form Slide 14 Leipzig 1723-1750 Kantor, Director of Choir and Music in Leipzig Kantor, Director of Choir and Music in Leipzig Composed and directed music for the Churches (Lutheran) in Town Composed and directed music for the Churches (Lutheran) in Town Taught music and Latin at the St. Thomas School Taught music and Latin at the St. Thomas School Directed Collegium Musicum (1729) Directed Collegium Musicum (1729) Slide 15 Leipzig in 1720 Slide 16 Thomaskirche in Bachs Time Slide 17 NikolaikircheThomaskirche Slide 18 Bachs responsibilities for Church music A cantata performed for the two main churches every other week A cantata performed for the two main churches every other week For his first few years there he completed cycles of cantatas for the liturgical year For his first few years there he completed cycles of cantatas for the liturgical year The choir consisted of boys from the Thomas School, and the orchestra was from the town band The choir consisted of boys from the Thomas School, and the orchestra was from the town band Rehearsals on Saturdays Rehearsals on Saturdays Slide 19 Cantata Opening Chorus (often an arr. of a chorale) Recitative Aria or duet Sermon (lasted about an hour) Recitative Aria or duet Chorale Slide 20 Cantata No. 140: Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme (1731) The scripture reading for the day (Matt. 25): At that time the kingdom of heaven will be like ten virgins who took their lamps and went out to meet the bridegroom. Five of them were foolish and five were wise. The foolish ones took their lamps but did not take any oil with them. The wise, however, took oil in jars along with their lamps. The bridegroom was a long time in coming, and they all became drowsy and fell asleep. Slide 21 Cantata No. 140: Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme (1731) At midnight the cry rang out: Heres the bridegroom! Come out to meet him! Then all the virgins woke up and trimmed their lamps. The foolish ones said to the wise, Give us some of your oil; our lamps are going out. No, they replied, there may not be enough for both us and you. Instead go and buy some for yourselves. But while they were on their way to buy the oil, the bridegroom arrived. The virgins who were ready went in with him to the wedding banquet. And the door was shut. Slide 22 Cantata No. 140: Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme (1731) Later the others also came. Sir! Sir! they said. Open the door for us! But he replied, I tell you the truth, I dont know you. Therefore keep watch, because you do not know the day or the hour. Slide 23 Cantata No. 140: Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme (1731): First movement Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme Der Wchter sehr hoch auf der Zinne Wach auf, du Jerusalem! Mitternacht heisst diese Stunde; Sie rufen uns mit hellem Munde: Wo seid ihr klugen Jungfrauen? Awake, the voice of watchmen calls us from high on the tower, Awake, Jerusalem! Midnight is this very hour; They call us with bright voices: Where are you, wise virgins? Slide 24 Cantata No. 140: Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme (1731) Wohl auf, der Brutgam kmmt, steht auf, die Lampen nehmt! Alleluja! Macht euch bereit Zu der Hochzeit Ihr msset ihm entgegen gehn. Take cheer, the bridegroom comes, Arise, take up your lamps! Hallelujah! Prepare yourselves For the wedding, You must go forth to meet him. Slide 25 Cantata No. 140: Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme (1731): 4 th movement Zion hrt die Wchter singen, Das Herz tut ihr vor Freuden springen, Sie wachet und steht eilend auf. Zion hears the watchmen singing, For joy her very heart is springing, She wakes and rises hastily. Slide 26 Cantata No. 140: Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme (1731): 4 th movement Ihr Freund kommt von Himmel Prchtig, Von Gnaden stark, von Wahrheit mchtig, Ihr Licht wird hell, ihr Stern geht auf. From heaven comes her friend resplendent, Sturdy in grace, mighty in truth, Her light shines bright, her star ascends. Slide 27 Cantata No. 140: Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme (1731): 4 th movement Nun komm, du werte Kron, Herr Jesu, Gottes Sohn. Hosianna! Wir folgen all zum Freudensaal Und halten mit das Abendmahl. Now come, you worthy crown, Lord Jesus, Gods own Son. Hosanna! We all follow to the joyful hall And share the Lords Supper. Slide 28 Cantata No. 140: Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme (1731): 7th movement Gloria sei dir gesungen Mit Menschen und englischen Zungen, Mit Harfen und mit Zimbeln Schn Gloria be sung to you With mens and angels tongues, With harps and beautiful cymbals

Recommended

View more >