quoting and paraphrasing. integrating sources use sources to support your argument (evidence)...
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Post on 23-Dec-2015
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- Slide 1
- Quoting and Paraphrasing
- Slide 2
- Integrating Sources Use sources to support your argument (evidence) Integrate sources by quoting and paraphrasing Include in-text/parenthetical citations after every quote and paraphrase
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- Quotations: Overview Quotations Use quotations sparingly Use quotations to maintain the language and voice of original author Dont let a quote stand by itself. Always set-up or integrate the quote Incorrect: I am a firm believer in a womans right to choose to abort, but there must be a sane limit to the ability to obtain an obscenely large number (Anderson, 2009, p. 52). Better: Anderson (2009) claims, I am a firm believer in a womans right to choose to abort, but there must be a sane limit to the ability to obtain an obscenely large number (p. 52). Provide an explanation or analysis. What does this quote mean? Why is it significant to your argument? Tie the quote back to your point.
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- Quotations: Styles Ways to introduce a quote: Signal phrase: Anderson (2009) claims, I am a firm believer in a womans right to choose to abort, but there must be a sane limit to the ability to obtain an obscenely large number (p. 52). Colon: The first part of the colon is in your own words; the second part is the actual quote Anderson (2009) supports womens reproductive rights, but she also wants the government to limit the number of abortions a woman can have: There must be a sane limit to the ability to obtain an obscenely large number, she maintains (p. 52). Integrated/Select words: Pick the most important words and integrate them into your sentence. Anderson (2009) supports womens reproductive rights, but she also believes in a sane limit of abortions to prevent women from having an obscenely large number(p. 52).
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- Quotations: Other Considerations Use [square brackets] to: Add contextual clarity Original: I returned there yesterday, 2 hours after it happened. With brackets: I returned [to the crime scene] yesterday, 2 hours after [the murder] happened. Keep the sentence grammatically correct Original: I am very excited to see my family this month. Kelly claims she is very excited to see [her] family this month. Be sure the bracketed words dont change the meaning of the quoted material
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- Quotations: Other Considerations Use the ellipsis () to: Omit unnecessary words from a quote Original: Citing sources is so much fun. According to your writing instructor, Citing sources isfun. Be sure the omitted words dont change the meaning of the quoted material Original: The new Superman movies are not better than the originals. Unfair: Jacobs claims, The new Superman movies are better than the originals.
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- Quotations: Practice By yourself or with a partner, use the source you were given to: Practice writing each of the three quoting styles (signal phrase, colon, and integrated) Cite the quoted material in-text (refer to APA handbook) Citing the source in a references page (refer to APA handbook)
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- Paraphrasing: Overview Paraphrasing: Overview Paraphrase: expressing an authors arguments, findings, or ideas in your own words Allows you to incorporate research into your own sentence All paraphrases will be different Paraphrase can be shorter, as long as, or longer than original text
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- Paraphrasing Benefits of paraphrasing: Allows you to retain your own voice and style in your work Helps you to understand the original text Puts difficult terms or ideas into simple language Allows you to synthesize material Establishes your credibility
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- How to Write a Paraphrase Change words in the passage Use synonyms; change verbs Change sentence structure Rearrange order of ideas presented in source text Combine sentences Be concise--combine multiple sentences into one Unpack sentences Convey in two or more sentences ideas presented in one
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- Examples Original: Whatever your color, whatever your genes, youre not a criminal until youve committed a crime. Paraphrase: Regardless of your race or genetic background, youre not considered a criminal until youve broken the law (Snyder 45).
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- Examples Original: Although communism and state socialism have failed to protect the environment, eco-terrorists are basically anti- business. Paraphrase: Eco-extremists oppose business even though communist and socialist governments have permitted environmental degradation (Moore 16).
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- Paraphrasing: Practice Paraphrase the quote you used or the paragraph from which you quoted
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- Paraphrasing: Practice Now that you can paraphrase a single text, the next step is to paraphrase by consolidating multiple texts and integrating these into paragraphs See next slide for example
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- Developmental students already tend to feel marginalized because of the nature and classification of developmental classes (Rose, 1995). Students are aware that the class generally isnt for college credit and may feel ashamed or excluded from the college community, which can be a detriment to novice writers. Initiating students into college writing by invoking a sense of pride, identity, and conviction in their writing can ignite greater engagement and learning development in our writers (Brooke, 1988; Murray, 1991). The problem with basic writing courses, though, is they tend to neglect students exploration of self and identity and focus instead on grammar rules and sentence level errors.
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- Paraphrasing: Practice Practice consolidating sources by yourself or with a partner. Read both texts. Write a paragraph that incorporates information from both texts. Include at least one paraphrase from each text. Include at least one paraphrase that synthesizes the two texts. Use quotes as needed keep in mind this is a paraphrasing activity, though. Use in-text citations as needed. Write references citations for each source. Remember the paragraph structure weve been practicing: Topic sentence (supporting reason) Evidence (information from research) Warrant (explanation)
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- Paraphrase: Practice Revision Next, find 2 additional sources on this topic. Write 2 or more additional paragraphs. Integrate the 2 sources you found. Use in-text citations and create references citations for each.
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