realism in 19th century photography

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Review of development of photography in context of Realism in the 19th Century; for Ms. Fuentes AP Art History Class


  • 1.19th Century AP Art HistoryPHOTOGRAPHY

2. The photograph was the ultimateresponse to a social and cultural appetite for a more accurate representation of reality, a need that had its origins in the Renaissance - Naomi Rosenblum, A World History of Photography TEDed History of Photography 3. Camera ObscuraInvented in 11th century byAlhazen in PersiaUsed by VermeerInverted image projectedonto a surface. 4. Early ThemesDocument events ortraditional fine art themesportraiture, still life andlandscape.Changed over timeWhat does this remind you of(Painting?) Antoine Franois Claudet, The Geography Lesson, 1850 5. The Artists Studio, Louis-Daguerre, daguerrotype, 6.5 x 8.5, 1837. Still life photo inspired by vanitas still life paintings 6. Louis Jacques DaguerreDaguerre painted stage sets and illusionistic scenery for The Diorama, a popular visual entertainment in Paris. 7. The Daguerreotype Photograph laterally reversed andprinted onto a metal plate.Portrait of Louis Daguerre, 1829Early Daguerrotype CameraLouis Daguerre, Boulevard du Temple, 1838(first known photo of a human being) 8. Talbots Photograms (Callotypes) Talbots initial experiments photograms or, what he calledPhotogenic DrawingsWindow, 2012Callotype Advantage: a negative for sharing multiple copiesWilliam Henry Fox Talbot, Latticed Window at Lacock Abbey, 9. Nadar: Artist, Balloonist, Photographer French caricaturist &portrait photographer First aerial photos Romantic artist:heroes Delacroix,Dumas & Hugo Friends withBaudelaire, Pierrot 10. Portrait of Charles Baudelaire,Nadar, 1863French poet and art critic; rejectedRomanticism; believed maninherently evil.Baudelaire credited with termmodernite - fleeting ephemeralexperiences of urban life and duty ofartist to capture those moments.Forehead often highlightedControlled camera angles, often leftone side of face in shadow(Baroque?!) 11. Pierrot, 1855, silver colloidal print by Nadar Captured personalityof laughing mime Saw mime Pierrot asessence of modernartist: theatrical,humorous, inventive New method quickerthan daguerrotype 12. Muybridge 1st High Speed Photo 13. Social Realism & PhotoJournalismMathew Brady, Civil War photographergenerals, battlefields, etc. 14. Tenement Interior in Poverty Gap, an English Coal Heavers Home, Jacob Riis, 1889. Published study in NY called How the Other Half Lives 15. 1848-1860s - Economy Industrial Revolution conclusion of Napoleonic Wars trains transport raw materials to factories in city Three class system capitalists --> centralized economic control laborers--> poor education & living conditions middle class --> laissez-faire 16. Exploring human evolution & social equality in Realism political context: Marxism Communist Manifesto (c. 1850) all history was history of class struggles determined by humanitys relationship to material wealth Darwin: theory ofevolution Comte: positivismallknowledge comes fromtested scientific proof 17. Role of Artist in Culture role of artist: no longer to simply reveal beautiful & sublime aimed to tell the truth not beholden to higher, idealized reality (i.e., God) subjects: ordinary events and objects working class & broad panorama of society psychological motivation of characters

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