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Recycle Reuse Reinvent. 2010 District OHCE Leader Training. Life Cycle Approach. Re-think the product and its functions. Re-duce energy and material consumption Re-place harmful substances Re-cycle . Select materials that can be recycled - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Recycle Reuse Reinvent2010 District OHCE Leader Training

  • Life Cycle ApproachRe-think the product and its functions. Re-duce energy and material consumptionRe-place harmful substancesRe-cycle. Select materials that can be recycledRe-use. Design the product so parts can be reused.Re-pair. Make the product easy to repair Source: United Nations Environment Program

  • What is a Life Cycle Approach?A way of thinking that helps us recognize how our choices are part of a bigger system of eventsRecognition that our decisions influence what happens at each stageHelps balance trade-offs and positively impact:EconomyEnvironmentSociety

  • Lifecycle of a Cotton ShirtDisposalReuseRecycleSource: Loughborough University, 2004Waste

  • Lifecycle of a Washing MachineSource: Loughborough University, 2004

  • Energy Use:Recycled & Virgin Content Products

    Chart1

    25229

    45160

    2540

    1035

    520

    1012

    Recycled

    Virgin

    Sheet1

    RecycledVirgin

    Aluminum25229

    Plastic45160

    Newspaper2540

    Cardboard1035

    Steel520

    Glass1012

    To resize chart data range, drag lower right corner of range.

  • Recycle2010 District OHCE Leader Training

  • Trash Facts The average American generates 4-5 lbs. of garbage/day. The average American family generates approximately 2.5 tons of garbage a year. Recycling one aluminum can saves enough energy to keep a 100-watt bulb burning for almost four hours or run your television for three hours. Plastics require 100 to 400 years to break down in a landfill. Glass takes 4000 years to break down

  • Recycling Facts 30-50% of the waste stream is organic23 states no longer accept yard waste in land fills

    In Japan, 50% of solid waste is recycledIn the US, 30% of solid waste is recycled

    In Japan, 16% of waste goes to landfillsIn US, 60-70% of waste goes to landfills

  • Roadblocks to RecyclingInconvenientSortCleanStoreNo curbside pick-upNo local drop-off siteBulky hard to handle

  • Aluminum95% more efficient to recycle than to make new aluminumIf you recycle only one thing, recycle aluminumTo prepare for recycling:Rinse containers with clear waterRemove stuck on food from foil & pansSeparate beverage cans and foil from spray cansIf a group is collecting pull tabs for a charity, remove and save pull tabs

  • PlasticRecycling 1 pound of PET plastic (most water & drink bottles) saves 12,000 BTU of energy66% more efficient to recycle plastic than to make newReuse intact containers then recycle when no longer usefulRinse and crush lightweight bottles to prepare for recyclingDont forget the plastic wrapping around paper goods, electronics, etc.

  • Newspaper/CardboardIf all newspaper was recycled, 250 million trees could be savedEach ton of paper recycled saves: 17 trees 380 gallons of oil 3 cubic yards of landfill space, 4000 kilowatts of energy7000 gallons water

  • Steel58% of steel/tin cans are recycledIn the US, we discard enough iron and steel to continuously supply all of the nations automakersUsing old steel to make new steel preserves natural resources and energy. For every ton of steel recycled, we save:2500 pounds of iron ore1400 pounds of coal120 pounds of limestone

  • GlassAbout 7-8% of household waste is glassGlass can be recycled indefinitely A modern glass bottle would take 4000 years to decompose even longer in a landfillRecycling glass cuts the waste involved in producing glass by 80%Recycling Glass causes 20% less air pollution and 50% less water pollution than when a new bottle is made from raw materials

  • Special care itemsCFL bulbs BatteriesTiresElectronicsMotor OilFire ExtinguishersAppliances

  • Donate or recycleEyeglassesHearing aidsBathtubs, toilets & sinksComputersCell phones Smoke detectorsInk CartridgesTelephonesBooks/MagazinesPacking foam/peanutsPaintCarsClothes HangarsPropane tanks (grill)Sewing Machines

  • Never Recycle:Aerosol CansBrightly colored paperCeramics/potteryDisposable DiapersHazardous WasteHousehold GlassJuice boxes/coated cardboardMedical WasteWet paper

    Napkins/paper towelsPizza BoxesPlastic bags & plastic wrapPlastic coated boxes & plastic without recycle symbolPlastic screw on caps

  • Alternatives to RecyclingLimit use of disposable productsCompost organic materialReuse products

  • Reuse 2010 District OHCE Leader Training

  • Why Reuse?Reuse is less expensive than:RecyclingIncinerationCompostingAdding to a landfill

  • ReuseDelays entry into the waste streamGarage/Yard saleMagazine/Book SwapClothing swap partyPass down special itemsUse grass clippings & leaves as mulchDonate to Salvation Army, Goodwill, etcRefinish/re-cover furniture

  • We should always reuse:Glass jarsShoe BoxesWorn out towels, sheetsComputer paperPaper BagsLeftover building materialEgg cartons (for non-food uses)Holiday greeting cardsOutdated phone books

  • Use these more than once:Dry Cleaning BagsButter/Margarine wrappersBusiness cardsUsed envelopesPlastic grocery bagsPlastic bread clips/twist tiesPlastic produce basketsSpray bottlesMesh bagsPantyhoseLaundry bottle caps and scoopsCereal Bag liners

  • Reuse of food containers:Glass containers can be reused for all foods but should not be used for pressure canningReuse other materials as follows:Foods with similar chemical compositionFoods that will be exposed to the same type of processDo not reuse porous materials such as:PaperPaperboardExpanded foamDo not reuse microwave packages with browning/crisping functionsIt is best not to reuse containers for foods with strong odors

    Source: University of Illinois Cooperative Extension Service

  • Paper or PlasticNeither are good if put into a landfillMore than 200 billion plastic bags are consumed each yearPaper degrades as slowly as plastic in a landfill and takes up more space

  • Reinvent2010 District OHCE Leader Training

  • Reinvent to bring back into existenceRevive to bring back to life98% of all textile items that go to landfills could be reused or reinventedWith a plan, all leftover food can be part of another dishMost furniture has more than one life

  • Reinvent - TextilesRepurpose large pieces of fabricCurtainsTableclothsSheetsSalvage useable parts of:Mattress padsBath Towels BlanketsJeansOther clothing

  • Reinvent - Textiles

    An old t-shirt can become:A shopping bagA pillow caseA throw pillowA childs dressA new shirtA quilt or throwA rug A craft supply

  • Re-invent in the KitchenMeatCasserolesSoups/StewsStroganoffSandwich fillingsStir fryQuicheFajitas, quesadillas, enchiladas, tacosSlow cook leftover roast beef, pork or chicken and shred for sandwiches or tacos

  • Re-invent in the KitchenVegetablesFreeze leftovers until you have enough to make a pot of soup or stewAdd to casserolesAdd Italian dressing to drained cold vegetables and serve as a saladPuree or juice onions, celery & peppers and add to other sauces for flavor

  • Re-invent in the KitchenPotatoesMake a thin white sauce and add a chopped baked potato for soupScoop out the insides of baked potatoes, mash and season and return to the skins for twice baked potatoesMicrowave and re-mash potatoes (adding a little hot milk)Make potato pancakes from leftover mashed potatoes

  • Re-invent in the KitchenFruitMake jam, jelly or preservesMake juice or puree and freeze in ice cube traysMix with a little sweetener and non-fat yogurt and freeze Use syrup from canned fruit to baste ham or marinate foodLayer fruit with cake and whipped topping for dessert

  • Re-invent in the KitchenPastaCombine with meat, veggies and sauce for a casseroleAdd Italian dressing and leftover veggies and chill for pasta saladRiceRice PuddingFried RiceMix with ground beef for meatloafAdd to soup

  • Re-invent in the KitchenBreadFrench ToastBread PuddingLet dry and make bread crumbsCroutonsHot Dog/Hamburger BunsSeparate the top from the bottom and spread with margarine, garlic powder and Parmesan cheese and toast or broil

  • Re-invent in the KitchenBreadFrench ToastBread PuddingLet dry and make bread crumbsCroutonsHot Dog/Hamburger BunsSeparate the top from the bottom and spread with margarine, garlic powder and Parmesan cheese and toast or broil

  • Reinvent your kitchen/yard waste*

  • Reinvent Kitchen/Yard WasteOK to CompostAnimal manureCardboard rolls, cereal boxes, brown paper bagsClean paper, shredded newspaperPaper towelsCoffee grounds and filters, tea bagsCotton and wool ragsDryer and vacuum cleaner lintCrushed eggshells (but not eggs)Fireplace ashesFruits and vegetablesGrass clippings, yard trimmings, hay, strawHair and furHouseplantsLeavesNut shellsWood chips, sawdust, toothpicks, burnt matches

    Not OK to compostMeat, fish, egg or poultry scraps (odor problems and pests)Dairy products (odor problems and pests)Fats, grease, lard or oils (odor problems and pests)Coal or charcoal ash (contains substances harmful to plants)Diseased or insect-ridden plants (diseases or insects might spread)Pet wastes (dog or cat feces, cat litter) (might contain parasites or germs)Yard trimmings treated with pesticides (might kill composting organisms)Black walnut tree leaves or twigs (substances harmful to plants)

  • Money-saving Skills Everyone NeedsMake minor sewing repairs/alterationsCreate a household budget/balance a checkbookMake soupComparison shopTake care of your wardrobeClean your houseBake in the microwaveApply paintReplace screens/filtersPut together a resume