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Chapter 23: Last Trip Abroad By Lyzah-Nicole C. Bati

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Page 1: Rizal Presentation

Chapter 23: Last Trip Abroad

By Lyzah-Nicole C. Bati

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ObjectivesWithin 15 minutes of lecture time, the student/learner shall be able to:

Identify the nationwide events in the Philippines that occurred during Rizal’s last trip abroad

Relate the Historical Philippine Revolution events to the uprising of Rizal’s doom

Compare and contrast the culture of Rizal’s time to the present

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Rizal was no longer in exile so he had a pleasant trip from Dapitan to Manila

He missed the Isla de Luzon going to Spain Kept as a guest on Spanish cruiser Castilla Meanwhile, Andres Bonifacio and Katipunan

raised the cry of revolution in Balintawak Rizal then left for Spain on the Isla de Panayon September 3, 1896

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From Dapitan to Manila He left midnight July 31, 1896 on aboard the

Espana 1st stop was Dumaguete (capital of negros

oriental) he described it as "on a beach, with iron

roofings" he liked one lady's house & another house w/

ipil posts

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From Dapitan to Manila in Dumaguete, Rizal visited Herrero Regidor

(friend, former classmate, and judge of the province)

he also visted the Periquet and Rufina families

he operated on a Spanish captain of the Guardia Civil

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From Dapitan to Manila Dumaguete to Cebu Rizal called Cebu "beautiful" He went to house of Atty. Mateos where he

met a familiar couple he met way back in Madrid

He performed 2 strabotomy operations: one ear & one tumor

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StrabotomySurgical incision of a muscle or tendon of the eye to correct strabismus

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From Dapitan to ManilaCebu to IloiloOn the way, Rizal saw the island of Mactan

Magellan vs. LapuLapuHe went shopping He visited Molo church w/ paintings by Gustave Dore

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Island of MactanHistorical site where Lapu-Lapu resisted against Magellan

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Rizal Misses Ship going to Spain

Rizal missed the Isla de Luzon for SpainHe requested to be isolated except from family So he stayed on a Spanish cruiser Castilla for 1 month by order of Governor General Ramon Blanco

Enrique Santalo: accommodating captain of the Castilla

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Outbreak of the Philippine Revolution

Fray Mariano Gil Agustinian cura (name of a divine figure whose name means "Care" or "Concern" in Latin) of TondoDiscovered Katipunan (Association) plot to over throw Spanish rule

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Outbreak of the Philippine Revolution

Katipunan plot was aggravated by “Cry of Balintawak” raised by Bonifacio & Katipuneros on Aug. 16, 1896. Aug. 30: Bonifiacio & Jacinto attacked San Juan but lost to SpaniardsGovernor Gen. Blanco then proclaimed war in Manila, bulacan, Cavite, Batangas, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, & Tarlac

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Governor General Blanco

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Outbreak of the Philippine Revolution

Rizal worried for 2 reasons:Violent revolution would only cause more suffering for the Filipino peopleSpanish vengeance would arouse against all Filipino patriots

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Departure for SpainRizal received two letters of introduction from Governor General Blanco for the Minister of War & the Minister of colonies

Minister of War: General Marcelo de Azcarraga

Rizal also wrote a bon voyage letter addressed to his mother

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Departure for SpainRizal transferred to Isla de Panay steamer which would sail to BarcelonaHe was with Don Pedro Roxas (rich industrialists and his friend) & his son Periquin

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Isla de Panay!

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Rizal in SingaporeIsla de Panay arrived Sept 7Don Pedro & Don Manuel Camus (head of Filipino residents of Singapore) begged Rizal to stay to save his lifeRizal refused b/c he honored governor General Blanco

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Victim of Spanish Duplicity

Governor Blanco was a BIG FAT LIARGovernor Blanco was conspiring w/ Minister of War & Colonies to destruct RizalRizal was as gullible as Sultan Zaide

Rizal didn’t know that during his trip, Gov. Blanco & MOW were exchanging telegrams for his arrest in Barcelona as a “deportee” and “kept under surveillance”

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Rizal Arrested Before Reaching Barcelona

Rizal was still aboard the Islad de Panay towards BarcelonaHe saw Isla de Luzon leaving Suez Canal filled w/ Spanish troopsHe heard frm passengers that Francisco Roxas, Genato & Osorio were excuted

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Rizal Arrested Before Reaching Barcelona

A passenger told Rizal that he would be arrested by Spanish officials under the sly Govenor General BlancoRizal was so MAD!Rizal followed Captain Alemany’s advice to stay inside his cabin

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Arrival in Barcelona as a Prisoner

Steamer anchored in Malta

He stayed in his cabin for 3 daysHis jailor changed to General Eulogio Despujol (the one who order his banishment to Dapitan)After waiting, General Despujol interviewed Rizal for an hour Rizal was shipped back to Manila aboard the ship Colon full of soldiers & their families

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General Eulogio Despujol

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SOURCES:Zaide, G. & Zaide, S. (2011) Jose Rizal: life works, and writings of a genius, writer, scientist, and national hero (2nd ed). All-Nations: Quezon City, Philippines



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Tapos na po Gracias, salamat, thank you!