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Romanian Defence


<p>R</p> <p>omanian Defence</p> <p>MINISTRY OF national DEFENCE</p> <p>R</p> <p>omanian Defence</p> <p>16</p> <p>PRIORITIES IN MOND DEFENCE POLICY</p> <p>ContentsCONTRIBUTION TO OPERATION ACTIVE ENDEAVOUR 1 Foreword by the Minister of National Defence 2 Foreword by the Chief of General Staff 3 Priorities in MoND Defence Policy 5 Five years of NATO membership 7 Strategic partenerships 9 Land Forces 12 Air Forces 14 Naval Forces 18 Romanian Troops in Afghanistan 22 Romanian Troops in Irak 23 Romanian Troops in Kosovo 24 Contribution to Operation Active Endeavour 25 Engaging in EU Mission 26 Romanian Military in UN Missions 27 Military education marks the reform 29 Housing for military employees 30 Credibility through transparency 31 Services and branches celebrations in the Romanian Armed Forces</p> <p>3 22ROMANIAN TROOPS IN IRAK</p> <p>24</p> <p>23</p> <p>SERVICES AND BRANCHES CELEBRATIONS IN THE ROMANIAN ARMED FORCES</p> <p>7STRATEGIC PARTENERSHIPS</p> <p>32</p> <p>27MILITARY EDUCATION MARKS THE REFORMMINISTRY OF NATIONAL DEFENCE Information and Public Relations Directorate General Staff Public Relations Section Layout and Cover: Gabriela Chircea Photos by: MoND photographers &amp; PR officers Printed at Military Technical Publishing Center</p> <p>Foreword by the Minister of National Defencene cannot deny the fact that major difficulties confronting the Romanian society will also influence the actions of the National Military Institution. The drastic budget reduction for Defence made us rethink the philosophy for development, under these circumstances, and we must diligently take upon ourselves the efforts and the perspectives of continuing the development of our programs. This is why we doctrinally, strategically and operationally validate the fundamental missions of the Romanian Armed Forces which are based on the North-Atlantic Alliance and European Union membership as well as the Constitution. Therefore, we are considering: the consolidation of the political-military profile of Romania within NATO, in the applied context of the Alliance transformation process, in which our country should be able to assume new roles; the continuation of its</p> <p>O</p> <p>Mihai STNIOAR, Minister of National Defence</p> <p>strategic involvement in the effort of the international community to counter terrorism; the development of the politicalmilitary relations within the Alliance, emphasizing the constructive responsiveness of the strategic partnership; the intensification of the contribution to conceptual and operational developments within European Security and Defence Policy; the strengthening of the politicalmilitary dialogue as well as military cooperation in the Extended Black Sea Region; maintaining our current capabilities of deployable and fully sustainable structures. These are a few directions substantiated politically and in military operations which focus the efforts of the leadership of the Ministry of National Defence in maintaining, upgrading and increasing the effectiveness of a positive continuity of the European and Euro-Atlantic integration process.1</p> <p>Foreword by the Chief of General Stafffter five year membership of Romania into the North Atlantic Alliance, I will invite you to meet the Romanian Armed Forces, a vital institution of our state that is currently being undergoing a transformation and modernization process in deep agreement with the specific challanges of this start of the 3rd millenium. The Romanian General Staff, as a military strategic leadership structure, has established and provided based on its legally stipulated functions - its guidance to develop Romanian Armed Forces into a solid, reliable, flexible and dynamic body, capable to fulfill any mission assigned. While ongoing its transformational process, Romanian Armed Forces has appropriated and assumed the general tendency of NATO and moreover a special focus has been given to those activities meant to achieve the Alliances standards in respect with rendering military units operational. Romanian Armed Forces have already military structures made operational and validated accordingly by NATO standards, including inveterate/accustomed troops that have well experienced difficult and complex missions in Irak, Afghanistan, West Balkans, Mediterranean Sea or Africa. Our Romanian military troops have also proved their professional capability in participation to a large number of joint exercises conducted along with our allies. Due to their professionalism, devotion and prepardness to make the ultimate sacrifice in the fight they are engaged, our troops confirmed the trustworthiness they were invested with, as reliable soldiers of our country and North Atalntic Allliance, as well. After the mission of six years in Irak, as part of a joint endeavour, the Romanian Armed Forces is now proud to report to its citizens that the almost seven thousands troops have fulfill with dignity their task and contributed to stabilization and reconstruction of Irak. Many of the realities of today and tomorrows Irak could not have been possible unless Romanian military participated into. At this</p> <p>A</p> <p>moment, the completion of this mission the first large scale operation when measured to the second World War will enable us make the measurable assessment of the degree to which our troops under the direct control and supervision of its General Staff were able, as part of a military coallition, to employ a complex mechanism to force projection to long distances and sustainability in theatres of operation. The effort to participate in the ISAF mission (International Security Assistance Force), under NATO mandate, in Afghanistan has constantly increased from a year to another due to the Romanias committments; at present, Romanian Armed Forces has got 1.000 troops deployed to this this country. Moreover, we should underline the fact that this contribution takes place over a large area, in one of very important zone of Afghanistan. In 2008 Romania hosted the NATO Summit at Bucharest; a consequence was thereafter its recognition from the Alliances states, namely the role assumed to provide security and involve therefore into solving out the local, regional and global security issues. Romania takes part into the projects and initiatives for enhancing NATO capabilities. Additionally, Romania supports the development of a new strategic Concept for the Alliance to approach all the specific areas, especially solidarity in this new security environment. Domestically, Romanian Armed Forces enjoys the trust of its citizens and the way our military train themselves and achieve their missions both in country and outside, is highly appreciated by our people. Our Armed Forces is making efforts to identify the best possible solutions for equipping and for providing the necessary conditions of training and preparing for combat. Our efforts are now directed towards equipping all the Services with the necessary capabilities but also towards modernization and maintenance of the existing capabilities. We are also interested into the welfare of our troops, mostly, their psychological and moral status; and</p> <p>this is the reason we struggle to establish a real partenership between our institution and military in view to identify some manners to smoothly integrate themselves into the social life. The bilateral and multinational relationships are focused on the identification of the most beneficial ways to cooperate in different areas, such as training, operations, education, data and information exchange, social programs to enable our military and parteners to take contact with the cultural values of the others. These are only a few reasons I invite you to look at this magazine where I am sure you will find out interesting and useful pieces of information on Romanian Armed Forces.</p> <p>Admiral Gheorghe MARIN PhD., Chief of General Staff</p> <p>2</p> <p>Priorities in MoND Defence PolicyIn the current evolving security environment, subject to unforeseeable developments, national security can no longer be ensured only by domestic means and endeavours. We highly value dialog, close cooperation and joint action at regional and international level. Our security and defence policy is entirely founded on the principles of collective, cooperative and indivisible security. Therefore, our priorities are driven by our twofold status, as NATO and EU member state, and the necessity to strengthen bilateral relations and regional cooperation. Therefore, the efforts the Ministry of National Defence focus on:</p> <p>I</p> <p>Developing credible defence capabilitiesAs a sine qua non condition in achieving our defence policy priorities, the development of credible defence capabilities is a top priority. Constant efforts are required in order to revise the force structure and build up interoperable, highreadiness, deployable and sustainable forces. Since January 1, 2007, the Romanian Armed Forces have been completely professionalized. Nevertheless, there still are forthcoming plans to acquire interoperable equipment and armament. Simultaneously, human resources management is being improved. This process should lead to increased effectiveness by reducing duplication, providing transparency, implementing a competence-based selection system and a pyramid-tailored system of military hierarchy. We have also set up as a priority the upgrading of the planning and defence resources management. Armament and military equipment procurement programs are</p> <p>based on the general objective established in the Transformation Strategy of the Romanian Armed Forces reviewed in 2007, regarding the achievement of a modern structure. It would be fully professional, with greater mobility, efficient, flexible, deployable, sustainable, and capable of acting jointly and to be engaged in a wide range of national and international missions, from the basic restructuring phase to the operational integration phase into NATO and the European Union. The procurement programs aim to: Improving technical status of armaments and military equipment; Reaching EU and NATO standards; Using the technical and technological capacities of Romanian industry, within the limits of the budget allotted for defence procurement. The strategic programs meet the essential security interests of the country and the assumed commitments of Romania to NATO. The strategic programs are:</p> <p> Multi-role aircrafts; Long-range air defence systems; Multifunctional corvettes; Mine hunters; Armoured personnel carriers; Light armoured and non-armoured vehicles.</p> <p>Romanias commitments to NATOIn order to consolidate our membership, the national efforts are directed towards clearly defined priorities, such as: meeting the commitments Romania made within the allied defence planning process, supporting initiatives aimed at developing allied forces and capabilities, participating in the entire range of allied operations, and enhancment of the Romanian armed forces level of interoperability and operational capacity within multinational missions. Romania is actively involved in the NATO transformation process, both by contributing to conceptual developments and taking part in ongoing programmes and initiatives, including the NATO Response Force (NRF) and the multinational capabilities commitments.</p> <p>3</p> <p>Priorities in MoND Defence Policytive regional policy, designed to project stability and security in the Balkans and the Black Sea region. The increasing strategic importance of the wider Black Sea region requires a comprehensive approach. To this end, our defence endeavours are focused on strengthening the political-military dialog and military bilateral cooperation, providing defence reform assistance programs and enhancing our contribution to multinational cooperation initiatives. We are also contributing with forces and capabilities to all NATO led operations: International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan, Kosovo Force (KFOR), NATO Training Mission Iraq (NTM-I) and the only Article 5 Allied Operation currently taking place in the Mediterranean Sea (Operation ACTIVE ENDEAVOUR). Furthermore, Romania constantly endorsed the importance of the NATO partnership policy through dialog and cooperation, as a critical element in promoting security and stability in the Euro-Atlantic region and beyond. As a living proof of Romanias credibility among its allies, the largest Summit in the history of the Alliance was organized in Bucharest in 2008. By contributing with forces and capabilities to two Battle Groups, Romania is actively involved in the development of the EU rapid reaction capacity. Moreover, we are focused on our involvement in the European Defence Agency and have an active presence in EUFOR-Althea military operation.</p> <p>Participating in the Fight against TerrorismRomanias defence policy goals call for a permanent connection to the developments of the international security environment. Based on the principle of indivisible and cooperative security, we will continue to be involved in the international efforts to fight terrorism, by offering intelligence capabilities and military support.</p> <p>Projecting Regional Stability and SecurityAs a NATO and EU member state, Romania promotes a proac-</p> <p>Contributing to the European Security and Defence PolicyRomania is constantly strengthening its commitments with forces and capabilities in line with the European Security and Defence Policys developments. In this regard, our present strategic priority is to accomplish the EU Headline Goal 2010.</p> <p>4</p> <p>Five years of NATO membership</p> <p>T</p> <p>he Alliances major event of spring 2009 recently concluded in Strasbourg-Kehl. The Anniversary Summit was meant not only to celebrate 60 years of NATO but it offered a unique opportunity to reaffirm the allied commitment to the values and principles on which the North-Atlantic Alliance is based. For Romania, the significance of this Summit is even more far reaching, as this April we celebrated of five years of NATO membership. Romania also marked</p> <p>fifteen years of formal cooperation with NATO, firstly initiated through the PfP Program. In January 1994, Romania was the first partner to sign the PfP Framework document opening the road to what would to become one of the most successful NATO cooperation initiatives. Since April 2004, as a fully fledged NATO member, Romania became part of what is known as the most complex process of re-inventing NATO. From this perspective, the last five years were a period of</p> <p>challenges and achievements for Romania, in terms of military transformation and adaptation to the requirements of the membership status. These five years have been one of the most demanding periods in NATOs history. The Alliance has been involved in se veral operations and missions, with an unprecedented high operational tempo. NATO has also engaged in a number of ambitious projects and initiatives aimed at transforming and adapting NATO to the conditions of the new international environment. Roman...</p>