romeo & juliet
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- 1. William Shakespeares Romeo & Juliet Background notes about William Shakespeare and the play
2. William Shakespeare
- Born in 1564 in Stratford, England
- Died in 1616 on his birthday
- Nickname- The Bard
- Married Anne Hathaway and had three children.
3. William Shakespeare
- He worked as an actor, a poet, and a playwright.
- He thrived as a playwright during the monarchs of Elizabeth I and James I.
- Founded and wrote plays for the theatrical company The Lord Chamberlains Men
4. 16th-century Elizabethan Theatre
- Religious groups condemned theater for the immorality in the plays.
- All of society attended the theater, including royalty.
- Plays were meant to be performed-- not seen as literature, therefore only rough copies of Shakespeares plays survive today.
- Only men were actors at the time, even for female roles.
5. The Globe
- Shakespeares theater group constructed The Globe, an open-air round theatre.
- The original theatre burned in 1613.A new Globe Theatre was built in London in 1997.
6. Romeo and Juliet
- Romeo and Julietwas written in Elizabethan English circa 1595.
- Shakespeare derived the plot from another play, which was common at the time.
- Like his other works, this play was celebrated for its experimental and exciting language.
- This was one of his first tragedies; he had mainly written comedies until this time.
- Tragedy- a play dealing with tragic events; usually has an unhappy ending, culminating in the main characters downfall
- Comedy- a humorous play where the characters triumph over adversity
7. Romeo and Juliet
- This play is an unusual tragedy becauseRomeo and Julietis about love.
- Shakespeare had a flair for mixing comedy, tragedy, and romance in his writing.
- At the time, marriage was not always viewed as a result of love.People married for reasons other than love.
8. Iambic Pentameter
- Shakespeare wrote in iambic pentameter.
- Iambic pentameter- a type of meter with 10 syllables per line (1 unstressed syllable,
- 1 stressed syllable[5x] in each line)
- iamb= footpent= 55 feet per line
9. Iambic Pentameter
- This type of meter was originally used in dance and by actors to remember lines in theatre.
- The regular rhythm helps dancers keep the beat when dancing and the actors keep the beat when speaking.
- When lines in iambic pentameter do not rhyme and are not grouped in stanzas, theyre called blank verse.
10. Rhyme Scheme
- Rhyme scheme is the ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of the lines of a poem.
- Letters of the alphabet are used to assign the pattern, e.g.,aabbcc.
- A sonnet is a fourteen-line rhyming poem in iambic pentameter.
- Shakespeares sonnets contain three four-line stanzas (quatrains) and one couplet.
- The rhyme scheme for a Shakespearean sonnet isabab cdcd efef gg .
- The chorus, or narrator, inRomeo and Julietspeaks in sonnets.
- In Romeo and Juliets first meeting, their dialogue is a sonnet.
- A theme is a storys insight about life.
- Themes inRomeo and Juliet :
- The Power of Love
- Love vs. Family
- Family Ties
- The Power of Attraction, specifically of opposites
- Arranged Marriage
- A motif is a recurring element that usually relates to one of the storys themes.
- Motifs inRomeo and Juliet :
- All the motifs are opposites of one another.
- Foreshadowing is the use of hints to suggest what will happen later in the story.
- Shakespeare uses foreshadowing throughoutRomeo and Julietto provide clues about the fate of the characters in the play.