rotator cuff tears thomas j kovack do. rotator cuff tears

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  • Slide 1
  • Rotator Cuff Tears Thomas J Kovack DO
  • Slide 2
  • Rotator Cuff Tears
  • Slide 3
  • Anatomy 4 Muscles 4 Muscles 1 in front 1 in front 1 on top 1 on top 2 behind 2 behind
  • Slide 4
  • Impingement
  • Slide 5
  • Rotator Cuff Tears
  • Slide 6
  • What we know Rotator Cuff Tears are common Rotator Cuff Tears are common By age of 60 over 50% of people have a tear By age of 60 over 50% of people have a tear Most tears are degenerative tears Most tears are degenerative tears Some are traumatic Some are traumatic Larger tears have loss of greater shoulder function Larger tears have loss of greater shoulder function
  • Slide 7
  • What we know Rotator Cuff Tears do not heal on their own Rotator Cuff Tears do not heal on their own Rotator Cuff Tears get larger over time Rotator Cuff Tears get larger over time Some patients with rotator cuff tears do not have pain Some patients with rotator cuff tears do not have pain Many patients will eventually have pain Many patients will eventually have pain (Yamagucci, JSES 2001)
  • Slide 8
  • Non-operative Treatment Anti-inflammatory Medications Anti-inflammatory Medications Physical Therapy Physical Therapy Cortisone Injections* Cortisone Injections* Modification of Modification of activities activities 60-70% will show 60-70% will show some improvement some improvement Best for low demand Best for low demand patients patients Rotator cuff will not heal Rotator cuff will not heal Bartolozzi et al (CORR 1994), Hawkins & Dunlop (CORR 1995)
  • Slide 9
  • Activity Levels Decision of surgery based on activity level Decision of surgery based on activity level Age is relative to activity level Age is relative to activity level Goals of high activity levels Goals of high activity levels Need maximal function from rotator cuff Need maximal function from rotator cuff Consider surgery earlier Consider surgery earlier
  • Slide 10
  • Surgical Treatment Options Options Surgical Treatment Rotator Cuff Repair Surgical Treatment Rotator Cuff Repair Opportunity to heal tendon Opportunity to heal tendon Arthroscopic surgery Arthroscopic surgery Outpatient Outpatient Well-tolerated Well-tolerated Small-medium size tears have 90-95% chance of improvement Small-medium size tears have 90-95% chance of improvement (Wolf, Arthroscopy 2004) (Gartzman, JBJS, 1998) (Tauro, Arthroscopy, 1998)
  • Slide 11
  • Challenges What makes successful repair more difficult What makes successful repair more difficult Smoking Smoking Diabetes Diabetes Large/Massive rotator cuff tears Large/Massive rotator cuff tears 88-95% improvement 88-95% improvement Savoie (Arthroscopy 2003), Burkhart et al (Arthroscopy 2001) Recurrent tears Recurrent tears Multiple Cortisone Injections (Watson JBJS 1985) Multiple Cortisone Injections (Watson JBJS 1985)
  • Slide 12
  • Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair Small incisions Small incisions Arthroscope Arthroscope Under Water Under Water
  • Slide 13
  • Arthroscopic Repair
  • Slide 14
  • Post-operative Rehabilitation Phase 1 (0-6 weeks) Phase 1 (0-6 weeks) Shoulder Immobilizer Shoulder Immobilizer Pendulum exercises only Pendulum exercises only Pool therapy Pool therapy
  • Slide 15
  • Post-operative Rehabilitation Phase 2 (6-12 weeks) Phase 2 (6-12 weeks) Stretching Stretching Sling when out of house Sling when out of house Begin to use arm Begin to use arm Golf put, no swing Golf put, no swing No lifting No lifting
  • Slide 16
  • Post-operative Rehabilitation Phase 3 (3 months+) Phase 3 (3 months+) More vigorous activities More vigorous activities No strength training until 6 months No strength training until 6 months
  • Slide 17
  • Complications Rotator Cuff Re-tear Rotator Cuff Re-tear 29% (Boileau et al JBJS 2005) 29% (Boileau et al JBJS 2005) Stiffness Stiffness Infection Infection Arthritis Arthritis Nerve Injury Nerve Injury Suture or Anchor related complications Suture or Anchor related complications Anesthesia risks Anesthesia risks
  • Slide 18
  • Appointments Pre-operative Visit Pre-operative Visit Post-operative Visit (1 week) Post-operative Visit (1 week) 1 st Follow-up (6 weeks) 1 st Follow-up (6 weeks) 2 nd Follow-up (12 weeks) 2 nd Follow-up (12 weeks) 3 rd Follow-up (6 months) 3 rd Follow-up (6 months) 4 th Follow-up (1 year) 4 th Follow-up (1 year) Annual Visits Annual Visits

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