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  • RPAS ACTIVITIES IN EUROPE

    Mike LissoneUAS ATM Integration Manager

    22/04/2013

  • 2

    MAIN OBJECTIVE

    Safe integration of initial RPAS operations into the European aviation and ATM system from 2016

    Non-segregated ATM environments SESAR COMPLIANT Integrated into the European ATM

    Master Plan

    2

  • 3

    RPAS Integration in ATM

    RPAS is not the future it is here activities are on-going RPAS to adapt to ATM not the other way around just another airspace

    user The objective is to integrate initial RPAS operations in the European

    Airspace and ATM environments connect operational improvements to the European ATM Master Plan

    Issues and opportunities to be worked on;

    Terminology

    Predictable 4 D Trajectories planning/execution Detect and Avoid systems sense vs. see-and-avoid

    Data communications aircraft control and command ATC communications

    SWIM Automation and Human-in-the-loop

    Certification airworthiness model/toys vs. RPAS

    Training Demonstrations

    3

  • 4

    R&D GAP ANALYSIS

    Identification of gaps in technology or procedures led to the following topics:

    Detect & Avoid Human factors C2 (Command & Control) Contingency e.g loss of link, Security SESAR compliance

  • 5

    (E)VLOSVery Low Level operations (

  • 6

    Timeframe 2013- 2018

    Small R&D effort identified:

    Security e.g. flight planning operations Human factors e.g. pilot & observer team work Contingency

    VLOS & E-VLOS

  • 7

    B-VLOS Very Low Level operations (500 ft AGL)

    500ft

    GCS/pilot

    restrictions

  • 8

    Timeframe 2013-2020

    Large R&D effort identified

    Detect & avoid (replicate the human ability to see & avoid) C2 communications Human factors including mixed fleet compatibility Contingency Security SESAR compliance

    B-VLOS below 500ft is completely new to aviation

    B-VLOS

  • 9

    IFR/VFR

    Timeframe 2013-2028

    Large R&D effort identified

    Detect & avoid Airspace and Airports access C2 communications Human factors Contingency Security SESAR compliance

  • 10

    RPAS R&D INTEGRATION PERSPECTIVE

    R&DObjectives

    E-VLOS

    Small R&D effortVLOS

    B-VLOS

    IFR/VFR

    OP

    ER

    AT

    ION

    S B

    AS

    ED

    AP

    PR

    OA

    CH

    OP

    ER

    AT

    ION

    S B

    AS

    ED

    AP

    PR

    OA

    CH

    Small R&D effort

    Large R&D effort

    Large R&D effort

  • 11

    EUROPEAN RPAS R&D ROADMAP TIMELINE

    Integration timeline

    Initial operations

    Integration

    Evolution

    Critical path initial operations

    Critical path integration

    Critical path evolution

    VF

    RVFR

    IFR

    BVLOS

    EVLOS

    VLOS

    2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2023 2028

    Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4

    2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2023 2028

    Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4

  • 12

    INTERDEPENDENCIES

    R&D and REG are interdependent: most of the requirements for RPAS integration are regulatory requirements but also around liabilities and privacy

    Ensure closed loop of activities to ensure consistency and feasibility

  • 13

    EUROPEAN RPAS INTEGRATIONROADMAP

    2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1

    2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1

    TLS for C2 and D&A 216/2008 amendment

    proposal

    TLS for C2 and D&A 216/2008 amendment

    proposal

    Start 2013 Security Human factors

    Start 2013 Security Human factors

    Start 2013security

    Start 2013security

    Insurance rules (785)

    Insurance rules (785)

    OSED, SPRInterop. Req.

    Airspace/Airports datalink

    OSED, SPRInterop. Req.

    Airspace/Airports datalink

    Insurance rules (785)

    Insurance rules (785)

    VLL ATMimpact study

    VLL ATMimpact study

    Insurance rules (785)

    Insurance rules (785)

    Insurance rules (785)

    Insurance rules (785)

    HarmonisedEuropean REGrequirements

    HarmonisedEuropean REGrequirements

    MOPS C2MOPS C2

    FlightplanningFlightplanning

    HarmonisedEuropean REGrequirements

    HarmonisedEuropean REGrequirements

    Transpositionat national

    Transpositionat national

    Amendment SES rules MOPS D&A

    RPL common rulesAMC RPAS ops.

    Amendment SES rules MOPS D&A

    RPL common rulesAMC RPAS ops.

    D&A CooperativeContingency

    D&A CooperativeContingency

    REG Gap analysisREG Gap analysis

    Transpositionat national level

    Transpositionat national level

    ETSOsETSOs

    SES proposalSES proposalHarmonised req.

    and amendment of SES rules

    Harmonised req. and amendment of

    SES rules

    AirspaceD&A

    ContingencySecurity

    AirspaceD&A

    ContingencySecurity

    Human factorsHuman factors

    Transpositionat national level

    Transpositionat national level

    SecurityD&A full solution

    SecurityD&A full solution

    IFR RLOSBRLOS

    B-VLOSSpecific meteo

    conditions

    E-VLOS

    VLOS

    VFR

    C2 RLOSC2 RLOSC2 BRLOS

    Human factors

    C2 BRLOSHuman factors

    Complementary dependencies

    Regulatory dependencies

    R&D dependencies

    Initial national operations

    Limited access

    Full integration

    Reason for later start of VFR operations than IFR is due to the integration complexity and required operational experience with IFR RPAS integration in airspace classes, which is linked to the phased integration approach.

  • 14

    RPAS are seen as another but new airspace users

    Integration principle is to fit into the ATM environment: Present Future

    Essential to incorporate RPAS Operations into the ATM Master plan

    LINK WITH ATM MASTER PLAN

  • 15

    EUROCONTROL role

    Founder UASSG Co-founder SESAR JU Main contributor EC roadmaps development Support to industry standards Integration support to:

    States Mil Regulators ANSP CIV/MIL

  • 16

    Outcome UAS RegulatoryGap Analysis Questionnaire

    Objective: To ensure to get the full picture New and/or updated information from Stakeholders Current status of UAS ATM Integration in National Framework

    Questionnaire sent to UAS Coordination Group 46 Stakeholders Total Responses received - 29

    Experience in developing UAS Regulations

    52%41%

    7%

    Yes

    No

    N/A

    Already put in place UAS rules and regulations

    41%

    38%

    7%

    14%

    Yes

    No

    N/A

    In progress

    UAS procedures/instructions established

    21%

    72%

    7%

    Yes

    No

    N/A

    Yes No N/A Yes No N/A In progress Yes No N/AAuthority (Civil) 14 8 6 0 5 5 0 4 4 10 0Authority (Military) 7 5 2 0 5 2 0 0 2 5 0Service Provider (ANSP) 6 2 4 0 2 4 0 0 0 6 0Other 2 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 0 2Total 29 15 12 2 12 11 2 4 6 21 2

    Experience in developing UAS Regulations

    Stakeholders

    UAS procedures/instructions established

    Already put in place UAS rules and regulations

  • 17

    BLR

    MADZ TN

    SYIQ

    IR

    KAZ

    RUS

    IRL

    FIN

    IT

    HU

    NO SWE

    UKR

    GEO

    ARM

    AZE

    ES

    MOL

    TU

    CY

    FR

    LA

    LI

    BE

    NL

    GE

    UK

    RO

    BG

    SRB

    DA

    PL

    MT

    BiH

    LU

    SN

    IC

    AUT

    SK

    CH

    SPPT

    CZ

    CRO

    GR

    FYRALB

    MNE

    Current Status Civ UAS Regulation in Europe per State

  • 18

    BLR

    MADZ TN

    SYIQ

    IR

    KAZ

    RUS

    IRL

    FIN

    IT

    HU

    NO SWE

    UKR

    GEO

    ARM

    AZE

    ES

    MOL

    TU

    CY

    FR

    LA

    LI

    BE

    NL

    GE

    UK

    RO

    BG

    SRB

    DA

    PL

    MT

    BiH

    LU

    SN

    IC

    AUT

    SK

    CH

    SPPT

    CZ

    CRO

    GR

    FYRALB

    MNE

    BE

    NL

    UAS Regulation in place

    Current Status Civ UAS Regulation in Europe per State

  • 19

    BLR

    MADZ TN

    SYIQ

    IR

    KAZ

    RUS

    IRL

    FIN

    IT

    HU

    NO SWE

    UKR

    GEO

    ARM

    AZE

    ES

    MOL

    TU

    CY

    FR

    LA

    LI

    BE GE

    UK

    RO

    BG

    SRB

    DA

    PL

    MT

    BiH

    LU

    SN

    IC

    AUT

    SK

    CH

    SPPT

    CZ

    CRO

    GR

    FYRALB

    MNE

    BE

    NL

    No regulation but operational facilitation

    Current Status Civ UAS Regulation in Europe per State

  • 20

    BLR

    MADZ TN

    SYIQ

    IR

    KAZ

    RUS

    IRL

    FIN

    IT

    HU

    NO SWE

    UKR

    GEO

    ARM

    AZE

    ES

    MOL

    TU

    CY

    FR

    LA

    LI

    BE

    NL

    GE

    UK

    RO

    BG

    SRB

    DA

    PL

    MT

    BiH

    LU

    SN

    IC

    AUT

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