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S ummary N otes . TERM THREE BASIC SEVEN (7). ACADEMIC YEAR 2014. BASIC TYPING SKILLS DEVEKOPMENT MANIPULATIVE KEYS ON THE KEYBORD The computer keyboard has been divided into four main sections for ease of use. They are; Alphanumeric keys Functional keys Navigation/special keys - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Summary Notes

MANIPULATIVES KEYManipulative keys are non-printing characters that are used to change the appearance and layout of text on any page. Examples; a. the Shift Key b. the Caps Lock Key c. the Enter Key d. the Backspace Key e. the Tab Key f. the Delete g. the Insert key Summary Notes TERM THREEBASIC SEVEN(7) ACADEMIC YEAR 2014



The computer keyboard has been divided into four main sections for ease of use. They are;Alphanumeric keys Functional keys

Navigation/special keysNumeric keys4FUNCTIONS OF THE KEYS

THE SHIFT KEY is used in combination with other keys to produce uppercase letters during typing. THE CAPS LOCK KEY produces uppercase letters when pressed. THE ENTER KEY is used to move the insertion point to next line when typing and also executes a command in an operation.THE BACKSPACE KEY is used to delete characters to the left of the insertion point. THE DELETE KEY is used to delete characters to the right of the cursor. COMMON KEYBOARD SYMBOLS It is impossible to write meaningful passages without punctuation. The keyboard offers several symbols and punctuations to help you produce meaningful and excellent documents.

Punctuation marks are symbols used to organise writing and edit document. They are the standard non alphabetical symbols or marks that are used to organise writing into clauses, phrases, and sentences, and in this way make its meaning clear. Keys on the keyboard with these marks are called punctuation keys.

The following are some of the punctuation marks we will be considering;Comma (,)Full stop (.)Slash (/)Semi-colon (;)Functions of the punctuation marks.Comma: A punctuation mark (,) that represents a slight pause in a sentence or is used to separate words and figures in a list.Slash: A slash (/) is a punctuation mark that is used to separate optional items in a list or to express fraction or division, it also has various uses in computer programming. The slash is also known as virgule or forward slash.Full stop: Complete stop or a complete halt or an end (.)A semi colon (;) is used to separate two parts of a sentence that have a relationship to each other in terms of meaning when each part could stand alone as a sentence in its own right.Keyboard SymbolsSymbol keys not requiring shift`Left single quote-Dash=Equal sign[Left (opening) square bracket]Right (closing) square bracket\Backslash;Semi-colonApostrophe,Comma.Period/Slash or Diagonal

Symbol keys requiring shift~Tilde!Exclamation point@At symbol#Number or Pound sign(hash)$Dollar sign%Percent sign^Caret symbol&Ampersand*Asterisk(Left (opening) parenthesis)Right (closing) parenthesis_Underscore+Plus sign

{Left (opening) bracket}Right (closing) bracket|Pipe symbol:Colon Quotation marksGreater than symbol?Question mark

GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE(GUI)DESKTOP Definition:The desktop screen or the graphical user interface is the colourful workspace that appears after the computer has gone through its booting process.

FEATURES OF THE WINDOWS DESKTOPThe graphical user interface differs from one operating system to another. Below are some examples of the computer desktop.


Windows 7desktop

Windows 8 desktop and start screen

Icons: Icons are graphical representation of programs, files, folders and drives on the computer desktop.

Wallpaper: The wallpaper is the background pattern for a computer screen.Every window comes with pictures that can be used as wallpaper. Moreover, the user can also select his / her own picture to use as a wallpaper provided that one is saved in the computer.FEATURES OF THE DESKTOPComputer icon lets the user browse the files stored on the PC. Double-clicking on this icon shows the hard disk, the floppy disk, the CD-ROM drive and the possible drives installed in the computer system.

It is the shortcut to a ready-made folder on your computers hard disk. My Documents icon contains all the documents saved on the computer without specifying its location.

COMPUTER / MY COMPUTER ICONMY DOCUMENT ICON RECYCLE BINTHE INTERNET EXPLORERIt is an electronic container that keeps temporary deleted files and folders. Moreover, the deleted files or documents can be restored back if wanted. Note that when the user empties the recycle bin, anything that its holds will be deleted permanently.

The internet connection wizard is a special program called a browser which interpret content of a web page and helps the user to navigate web pages on the internet.

A Folder Network iconA folder is an electronic storage area use to organize files, programs and other folders.The network icon helps the user to connect to other computers on the network. It is a utility for browsing network resources like the shared files, web links and networked local printers.

Taskbar The taskbar is the horizontal bar usually located at the bottom of the desktop window.The taskbar has four main sections.The Start button which is used to launch programs.The Quick Launch toolbar is used to quickly load programs.- The middle section which shows tabs of all programs and files opened and allows to switch between them.- The notification area which includes a clock and icons that show the status of certain programs and computer system.LAUNCHING AN APPLICATION PROGRAM USING START MENU USING ICONS ON THE DESKTOPThe Start menu gives the user access to navigate through the system.The left pane of the start menu shows a list of programs we use frequently while the right pane displays system options, folders, shortcuts, the name and the picture that represents the current user.THE START MENUFIGURE OF THEE START MENU

Picture of the userName of the userAccessories folder

Items underAccessories

STEP 1 LAUNCHING AN APPLICATION USING THE START MENUThe technical term for opening an application is launch or load.

To launch an application using the Start menu, observe the following steps:Click on the Start button located on the taskbar to display its menu. (Figure below)

Start menuStart button Click on a desired program name in left pane. If in any way, the desired program could not appear, click on All Programs and scroll through the list. Moreover, the user can also type the name of the program in the search box and press on the Enter key to display the search results.NB: The folders shown in All Programs list contain other programs. For example the WordPad, Paint, Calculator and Note Pad are under Accessories STEP 2. LAUNCHING ANA PPLICATION USING DESKTOP ICONSDesktop icons provide a shortcut to launch programs and open folders.To launch any program using the desktop icons, use the following methods:Method 1: Double-click the program shortcut icon on the Windows Desktop to launch it.2. Method 2: Click the program icon on the Windows desktop and press Enter key on the keyboard.

3. Method 3: Right click the program icon on the desktop. In the drop-down menu or list of items, click on Open to launch the program.CREATING A SHORTCUT OF A PROGRAM ON THE DESKTOP.To create a shortcut for a program on the desktop, the user may use any of the following methods.Click on the Start button on the taskbar to display the start menu.Click on All Programs to display most of the programs and right click on the desired program.Click on (create shortcut) to send the program icon to the desktop.

APPLICATION WINDOWSPrograms and folders open in their own windows. These windows have certain characteristics in common.A window is an area within a frame on the desktop screen in which a program operates or information is displayed.TYPES OF WINDOWS

Microsoft wordApplication windowFolder windowTHE TITLE BARThe title bar is a horizontal bar at the top of a window. This bar contains the name of the program and control buttons that are used to close or minimize the window.

Elements or features of the title bar

The title bar can be divided into two main sections. The first section of the bar shows details of the program in use. A program icon or logo is the first item. This is the logo that the makers of the program have given the program as its unique identifier.

The second item on the title bar is the name of the active file. This can also be called the file name or document name. Application programs are used to create files and most programs we use create files. By default, when an application program is launched it create a blank file with a temporary name until theuser saves it with a file name.The program name or application name/title is the last part of the first section of the title bar.

Control Box The second section of the title bar is termed as the Control Box. This box contains three buttons namely the minimize button the maximize/restore button the close buttonCONTROL BOX BUTTONSThe minimize buttonThe maximize button/Restore buttonThe Close button

The Minimize button is used to suspend or hide a window and reduce the window to a button on the taskbar. This button also allows a user to keep a program running in the background, so he/she can concentrate on other things.

The Maximize/Restore Down button The Maximize is used to expand a window to its biggest size possible. The Restore down button replaces the Maximize button when a window is fully maximized.The Close button The Close Button is used when a user want to close or exit out of a window. This button closes a program and every file that was open in that particular program.THE CONTEXT MENUThe


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