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Safe Driving for WorkDrivers Handbook

HSA drivers handbook 2:Layout 1 23/11/2012 12:24 Page 1

Our Vision:Influence a sustainable reductionin the numbers of people killedor seriously injured or who sufferillness as a result of driving forwork in all economic sectors

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, storedin a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by an means electronic,mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the priorpermission of the Health and Safety Authority , An Garda Sochna or theRoad Safety Authority.

Version1.0 October 2012

HSA drivers handbook 2:Layout 1 23/11/2012 12:24 Page 2

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This handbook has been jointly developed by An GardaSochna, the Health and Safety Authority and the RoadSafety Authority as a tool for working drivers to help themunderstand and manage the risks that they face and createwhen driving for work. It will help working drivers makesafer choices about the way they drive and behave aroundvehicles.

This is a guidance document. Using the information givenshould help you to comply with your statutory duties inrespect of safe driving for work practices. The document isnot exhaustive and provides information, in no particularorder, on the main risks that working drivers may encounter,as part of their work practices.

All information contained in this document is accurate at thetime of publication. It is the responsibility of the reader toupdate his/herself regularly on any changes to Road Traffic orSafety, Health and Welfare at Work legislation that may berelevant to driving for work. More detailed information ongeneral road safety topics can be found at www.garda.ie orwww.rsa.ie. Information on worker safety, health andwelfare can be found at www.hsa.ie.

We acknowledge input from the Royal Society for Preventionof Accidents [ROSPA UK] in partnership with DBDA UK, andthe Electricity Supply Board [ESB] for concept andreproduction of certain content.

Acknowledgement

HSA drivers handbook 2:Layout 1 23/11/2012 12:24 Page 1

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Contents

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7Safe Driver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9

Driver Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9Driver Qualification and Authorisation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9Knowledge of rules of the road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10Fitness to Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10Fatigue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10

Measures to tackle driver fatigue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11Medical Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14Eyesight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15Alcohol and Drugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15Medicines and driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17Illicit drugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18Daily Stress Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18Personal safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18

Safe parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19Dealing with Potentially Aggressive behaviour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20

Safe Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22Who is responsible for the vehicle? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22Using your own vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22Pre-drive vehicle checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23Vehicle cleanliness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26

Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27Safety Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28Seating position and safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28Seat belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29Child restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29Securing Loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31

General considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31Roof Rack/Roof Boxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32Towing and Trailers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33Vehicle security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35

Key security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36

HSA drivers handbook 2:Layout 1 23/11/2012 12:24 Page 2

Electric Vehicles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36Safe Journey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37

Driver considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37Give yourself time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38

Pre Journey Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39Safe speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40

Speed limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41Impact of your speed on pedestrians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46

Distractions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46Mobile phones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46In-vehicle navigation systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48Other distractions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49

Safe Driving Practices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50Motorway Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50

Joining a motorway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51On the motorway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51Leaving the motorway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53Motorway breakdowns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54

Driving Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55Driving at night . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55

Weather conditions and seasonal hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57Is your vehicle weather ready? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57Rain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57Driving in Snow and ice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59Driving in Fog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60Low sunshine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62Hot weather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62

Dealing with Collisions and Emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63Collisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63Breakdowns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65

Further reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66Appendix 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67Appendix 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73

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HSA drivers handbook 2:Layout 1 23/11/2012 12:24 Page 3

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Introduction

The purpose of this handbook is to make working drivers awareof some of the main risks that they may face or create whiledriving for work.

In terms of understanding how to manage the risks, thehandbook outlines what is required of a driver in terms of his orher, vehicle, journey and driving behaviours. In addition it dealswith emergency situations and gives practical advice on what todo to help keep you safe from avoidable harm.

This handbook will help you work with your employer

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