salvage & overhaul

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Salvage & Overhaul. VALUE OF LOSS CONTROL (SALVAGE & OVERHAUL OPERATIONS). TS 16 –1. Adds value to the department’s services Promotes fire fighting as a craft Builds goodwill within the community Receives praise and recognition in the media Gives firefighters a feeling of accomplishment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Salvage&Overhaul

  • VALUE OF LOSS CONTROL (SALVAGE & OVERHAUL OPERATIONS)Adds value to the departments servicesPromotes fire fighting as a craftBuilds goodwill within the communityReceives praise and recognition in the mediaGives firefighters a feeling of accomplishmentLeads to better morale and efficiency among firefightersTS 161

  • PURPOSE OF SALVAGETo reduce damage from fire, smoke, water, heat, cold, or weather during and after a fire

    TS 162

  • PURPOSES OF OVERHAULTo search out and extinguish hidden firesTo protect the scene after the fireTo preserve evidence of the fires origin and causeTo restore premises to safe condition

    TS 163

  • SALVAGE PLANNINGSalvage SOPsSpecial preplans for buildings with high-value contentsAwareness of contents vital to businesses in commercial occupanciesWorking with loss control representatives of local businesses

    TS 164

  • SALVAGE PROCEDURESWhen to begin salvage operationsCoordinating salvage with fire attackHow to arrange and protect building contentsCommercial occupancy challengesRemoving large quantities of waterTS 165

  • HOW TO ARRANGE & PROTECT BUILDING CONTENTSGathering in close piles in center of roomPlacing high objects at ends of piles and using rolled rugs as ridgepolesPlacing small objects (pictures, curtains, lamps) on larger objects such as couches or bedsUsing water-resistant materials to raise furniture off wet floorsTS 166

  • COMMERCIAL OCCUPANCY CHALLENGESCeiling-to-floor Display ShelvesContents Stacked too Close to CeilingUnpalleted StorageHigh-piled Stock

    TS 167

  • TYPICAL SALVAGE EQUIPMENTAutomatic sprinkler kit Carryall Floor runnerDewatering device

    TS 1611Water vacuum SqueegeeMop and wringer bucket

  • CONSTRUCTION METHODS FOR REMOVING & ROUTING WATER Water Chute Spliced Chutes CatchallTS 1613

  • GUIDELINES FOR COVERING OPENINGS Cover all exterior openings.Cover broken or missing doors or windows with plywood, heavy plastic, or similar materials.Cover openings in roofs with plywood, roofing paper, heavy plastic sheeting, or tar paper.Tack down edges of tar paper or plastic with lath and roofing nails.TS 1614

  • DEFINITION OF OVERHAUL The practice of searching a fire scene to detect hidden fires or sparks that may rekindle and to identify the possible point of origin and cause of fire

    TS 1615

  • TOOLS & EQUIPMENT USED IN OVERHAUL Electronic sensorsPike poles

    AxesTS 1616Battery-powered saws, drills, and screwdriversCarryalls, buckets, and tubsShovels, bale hooks, and pitchforks

  • OVERHAUL SAFETY GUIDELINES & PROCEDURES Make sure that your very first overhaul step is determining the condition of the building.Wear proper protective clothing, including positive-pressure SCBA.Wear eye protection when it is safe to remove breathing apparatus.Use 1-inch (38 mm) or 1-inch (45 mm) charged attack lines for extinguishing hidden fires.TS 1617a

  • OVERHAUL SAFETY GUIDELINES & PROCEDURES (cont.) Extinguish small hidden fires during minor overhaul operations with air-pressurized water extinguishers or booster lines, backed up by at least one attack line.Avoid additional water damage.TS 1617b

  • AVOIDING ADDITIONAL WATER DAMAGE Place nozzle in such a way that if it is accidentally opened it will cause no additional water damage.Tighten or repair leaking couplings.Use a 100-foot (30 m) length of hose as the first section on attack lines.TS 1618

  • PRIMARY FACTORS AFFECTING BUILDING CONDITION Fire IntensityAmount of Water UsedTS 1619

  • SIGNS OF DANGEROUS BUILDING CONDITIONS Weakened floors due to floor joists being burned awayConcrete that has spalled due to heatWeakened steel roof membersWalls offset because of elongation of steel roof supportsTS 1620Weakened roof trusses due to burn-through of key membersMortar in wall joints opened because of excessive heatWall ties holding veneer walls melted from heat

  • INDICATORS OF HIDDEN FIRES SightDiscoloration of materialsPeeling paintSmoke emissions from cracksCracked plasterRippled wallpaperBurned areasTS 1621Touch Feel walls and floors for heat with the back of the handSoundPopping or cracking of fire burningHissing of steam

  • CHECKING FOR & EXTINGUISHING FIRE EXTENSIONIf floor beams are burned at their ends where they enter a party wallFlush with water.Check far side of wall and extinguish as necessary.Remove, check, and extinguish insulation materials.If fire has burned around doors and windows, open door and window casings and extinguish fires.TS 1622a

  • CHECKING FOR & EXTINGUISHING FIRE EXTENSION (cont.)If fire has burned around a combustible roof or cornice, open the cornice and inspect for hidden fires.If sensory or electronic sensor indicates, remove materials and extinguish hidden fires in concealed spaces below floors, above ceilings, or within walls.TS 1622b

  • REMOVING DEBRIS & WATERUse carryalls (debris bags) to remove debris.To catch falling debrisTo provide a water basin for immersing small burning objectsUse water vacuums, scoops, shovels, mop wringers and buckets, submersible pumps to remove water.TS 1623

  • FIREFIGHTERS RESPONSIBILITY IN PROTECTING EVIDENCEThe fire chief has the legal responsibility within most jurisdictions for determining the cause of a fire.Questions first-arriving firefighters should ask:Are room contents as they normally would be? Are rooms either ransacked or unusually bare?Are doors and windows locked or open? Is there evidence of forced entry prior to arrival of firefighters?Are there indications of unusual fire behavior or more than one area of origin?Are vehicles or people present in the area?TS 1624

  • WHO MAY INVESTIGATE?

    TS 1625Fire Department Personnel (Chief Deputy FPO)Office of the Fire MarshallOPP Private CompanyInsurance Agency

  • ROLE OF THE INVESTIGATOR IN FIRE CAUSE DETERMINATIONTS 1626Carrying fire cause investigations beyond the level of the fire companyQuestioning firefighters, if necessary

  • OBSERVATIONS EN ROUTE

    Time of dayWeather and natural hazardsMan-made barriersPeople leaving the sceneTS 1627

  • OBSERVATIONS UPON ARRIVAL

    Time of arrival and extent of fireWind direction and velocityDoors or windows locked or unlockedLocation of the fireContainers or cansBurglary toolsFamiliar facesTS 1628

  • OBSERVATIONS DURING FIRE FIGHTING

    Location of fireUnusual odorsAbnormal fire behavior Obstacles hindering fire fightingIncendiary devicesTrailersStructural alterationsFire patternsHeat intensityTS 1629Availability of documentsFire detection and protection systemsIntrusion alarmsPersonal possessionsHousehold itemsEquipment or inventoryBusiness records

  • FIREFIGHTER RESPONSIBILITIES AFTER THE FIREReport observations to officer in charge.Write chronological account of circumstances personally observed if fire is of suspicious origin.Do not complete salvage and overhaul until the area of origin and cause have been determined.Do not move debrisDo not throw debris outside in pilesRemain watchful for further evidence.TS 1630

  • FIREFIGHTER CONDUCT &STATEMENTS AT THE SCENENever make statements of accusation, personal opinion, or probable cause to anyone.Make statements only to the fire investigator.

    TS 1631

  • GUIDELINES FOR PROTECTING & PRESERVING EVIDENCEDo not gather or handle evidence unless absolutely necessary in order to preserve it.Do not change evidence in any way other than those absolutely necessary in the extinguishment of the fire.Avoid trampling over possible evidence; preserve footprints and tire marks under cardboard boxes.Close dampers and other openings to preserve partially or completely burned papers found in a stove, furnace, or fireplace.TS 1632a

  • GUIDELINES FOR PROTECTING & PRESERVING EVIDENCE (cont.)Leave charred documents found in containers such as wastebaskets, small file cabinets, and binders that can be moved easily; keep these items away from drafts.Do not permit changes in the evidence of any kind unless absolutely necessary in the extinguishment of the fire.Remove debris only after all evidence has been properly collected by an investigator.TS 1632b

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