Science of the Sacraments

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<p>EUROPEAN-AMERICAN UNIVERSITYARNOLD HARRIS MATHEW CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF THE INDEPENDENT SACRAMENTAL MOVEMENT LIBERAL CATHOLIC PUBLICATIONS SERIES MMVII ANNO DOMINI</p> <p>+C.W.L. 1847-1934</p> <p>THE SCIENCE OF THE SACRAMENTS An occult and clairvoyant study of the Christian Eucharist by CHARLES WEBSTER LEADBEATERPresiding Bishop of the Liberal Catholic Church</p> <p>New Edition. Published in 2007 by European-American University Press, edited and with a preface by Bishop John Kersey. First published by the St Alban Press, Los Angeles, in 1920. In keeping with the policy of the Liberal Catholic movement worldwide, all rights of copyright are waived in this publication. Free re-publication and distribution are encouraged as a means of spreading the important spiritual insights that are contained within this work.</p> <p>Nihil Obstat</p> <p>Imprimatur</p> <p>A.M.D.G.</p> <p>3</p> <p>THE SCIENCE OF THE SACRAMENTS</p> <p>CHARLES WEBSTER LEADBEATERTable of Contents</p> <p>PART I INTRODUCTION Preface by +John Kersey Authors Foreword to the Second Edition Chapter I: A new idea of church worship PART II THE SACRAMENTS Chapter II: The Holy Eucharist Chapter III: Baptism and Confirmation Chapter IV: Holy Orders4</p> <p>10 14 18</p> <p>36 245 270</p> <p>Chapter V: The Lesser Sacraments PART III</p> <p>342</p> <p>THE INSTRUMENTS OF THE SACRAMENTS Chapter VI: The Church Building Chapter VII: The Altar and its Appurtenances Chapter VIII: The Vestments PART IV OTHER SERVICES OF THE CHURCH Chapter IX: Vespers and Solemn Benediction Chapter X: Occasional Services Appendix: The soul and its vestures Notes 431 450 471 490 356 369 388</p> <p>5</p> <p>The completed Eucharistic Edifice</p> <p>6</p> <p>List of DiagramsNumber 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Description The Formation of the Pavement The Relation between the Celebrant and his Ministers Censing the Altar The Order of the Formation of the Bowls at the Kyrie The Varied Types of Forms built at the Kyrie shown in Cross-section Censing the Oblations The Change which takes place at the Consecration when the bread becomes the Host Interplay of Forces in Church after Consecration The Symbolism of the Holy Eucharist The Reservoir The Awakening of the Human Principles at Ordination Ground Plan of an Ideal Church Flow of Forces through Stole Stole Cross Flow of Forces through Cope Flow of Forces under Alb Flow of Forces in the Chasuble The Crosier Interplay of Forces in Church at Vespers An Ultimate Physical Atom The Human Principles Etherio-Atomic Philosophy of Force from The Principles of Light and Color, Chapter XI: The Laws of Attraction, Edwin D. Babbitt, New York, 1878 Page 62 68 87 100 102 142 183 190 197 290 299 357 399 399 403 405 410 426 433 474 485 476</p> <p>7</p> <p>List of PlatesNumber 1 2 Description The Completed Eucharistic Edifice (Fig. 1) The Church of Santa Sophia at Constantinople. (Fig. 2) Cross-section of the Church. (Fig 1) The Asperges Bubble as formed by the Celebrant. (Fig. 2) Cross-section of Bubble. (Fig. 3) Cross-section of western part of Bubble. (Fig. 1) The Asperges Bubble when enlarged during the Psalm. (Fig. 2) Cross-section of Bubble. (Fig. 1) The Asperges Bubble after its expansion by the Angel. (Fig. 2) Cross-section of Bubble. The Mosaic Pavement (Fig. 1) A Portion of the Pavement. (Fig. 2) A Single Block. (Fig. 1) Formation of the Petals. (Fig. 2) Crosssection of Vortex. (Fig. 3) Order of Formation of Petals. (Fig. 1) Cup-like Form. (Fig. 2) Cross-section showing two sets of Petals. (Fig. 3) Crosssection showing changing outlines of Form. (Fig. 1) Elongated Cylindrical Form. (Fig. 2) Cross-section of Form. (Fig. 1) Oblong Form. (Fig. 2) Cross-section of Form. (Fig. 1) The Eucharistic Form at end of Kyrie. (Fig. 2) Cross-section of Form. The Church of San Giovanni degli Eremiti at Palermo (Fig. 1) The Low Dome after first paragraph of Gloria. (Fig. 2) Cross-section of Form. A Mosque at Cairo (Fig. 1) The Eucharistic Form at end of Gloria. (Fig. 2) Cross-section of Form. The Imposition of Hands at the Consecration of a Bishop An Altar (Fig. 1) Veil and Burse covering the Chalice. (Fig. 2) The Chalice, Paten, Ciborium etc. (Fig. 1) Monstrance. (Fig. 2) Priest vested in Cassock and Amice. Page (Frontispiece) 24 38</p> <p>3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19</p> <p>41 47 60 63 94 95 96 97 103 104 106 107 109 329 375 384 387</p> <p>8</p> <p>20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27</p> <p>(Fig. 1) Priest in Cassock, holding Biretta. (Fig. 2) Bishop in Cassock. (Fig. 1) Priest in Surplice and Stole. (Fig. 2) The Vestments of Acolytes. (Fig. 1) Priest vesting for the Celebration of the Eucharist. (Fig. 2) Deacon vested as when assisting at the Eucharist. (Fig. 1) Priest in Chasuble Front View. (Fig. 2) Priest in Chasuble Back View. (Fig. 1) Bishop in Mozzetta. (Fig. 2) Bishop in Mantelletta. (Fig. 1) Full Pontifical Vestments Front View. (Fig. 2) Full Pontifical Vestments Back View. Vortex and Shaft formed at Vespers Appearance of Spheres at moment of Benediction</p> <p>390 394 397 408 417 422 437 444</p> <p>NOTE The Liturgy of the Liberal Catholic Church is singularly rich in passages of poetic beauty and high aspiration, and, although copious extracts have been embodied in this work, the Liturgy itself should be read to obtain an adequate idea of its worth and personal appeal. Copies may be obtained from St Alban Press (Liberal Catholic Church of California) at</p> <p>9</p> <p>THE SCIENCE OF THE SACRAMENTS</p> <p>PART I INTRODUCTION Preface to the New Edition by +John Kersey, Co-Presiding Bishop of The Liberal Rite and Administrator of the Independent Liberal Catholic Fellowship The Science of the Sacraments is one of the most important of the major works of +C.W. Leadbeater, since it illuminates the significance of the sacraments as they have come into being within the Liberal Catholic movement and in which form they essentially remain unchanged today. C.W.L., along with his spiritual brother +James Ingall Wedgwood, was on the cusp of major change in Catholicism beyond Rome. Their work represented a response to the Oxford Movement within Anglicanism, but conceived from an unquestionably Apostolically valid and independent standpoint. Unlike the Anglo-Catholics, they did not have the challenge of trying to effect change within an inflexible and fearful establishment held together only by centralization and dogma. Instead, having separated from +A.H. Mathews Old Catholic Church of Great Britain, they were faced with the position of creating a church from the grass roots, and were considerably aided in this aim by being able to graft those roots onto the Theosophical Society of which both men were leading members. It is important to emphasize, because it has been so often misunderstood in later years, that neither C.W.L. nor Wedgwood desired to elevate the Theosophical Society into a church, nor to create a church that would merely echo Theosophical beliefs. The intention was much more adventurous and thus much more allencompassing; a church of freedom of faith and conscience, that permitted a specifically esoteric, yet fully Catholic understanding of the sacraments in line with the Wisdom Tradition as a whole. As the L.C.C. Presiding Bishop Emeritus, the Most Revd. Ian Hooker, has written,</p> <p>10</p> <p>THE SCIENCE OF THE SACRAMENTS</p> <p>Notwithstanding his heavy reliance on the members and resources of The Theosophical Society, Wedgwood was not building a church just for theosophists. From the beginning he saw the LCC as a haven for open-minded, liberally inclined Christians, no longer comfortable in mainstream churches. In time, he believed, these people would form the majority of Liberal Catholics. (The Liberal Catholic vol. 68 no. 1, Easter 2000) The Liberal Catholic Eucharist as explained in this work is not a Gnostic Mass, nor less a revision as was to take place in later years when Vatican II transformed the Mass into a praise and worship service. It is instead a radical reinterpretation of the context of the Eucharist seen within a theological standpoint of esoteric magic and universal salvation; it is Catholicism expressing the love of God to the full without the burdens of needless guilt and fear, and the false totem of the temporal power of the church. That power which is present and it is immeasurable is spiritual in nature and subsists within the sacraments themselves and thence in those who participate in their offering. The Science of the Sacraments has always excited controversy within Liberal Catholicism. C.W.L. is certainly free in expressing his clairvoyant and occult insights in areas which may appear provocative or arguable. His science is not science as we understand that word today, but is instead science in the sense of spiritual knowledge. It is important also to recognize that the Notes to many sections, demarcated in this and other editions by a smaller typeface, are not the work of C.W.L. himself but instead (as he acknowledges) are the outcome of the clairvoyant insights of the Rev. Oscar Kllerstrm, printed verbatim just as they were sent to C.W.L. Yet, as the conclusion to the whole work points out clearly, this is not a blueprint for belief, or a dogmatic assertion of the position of the Church. Rather, it is C.W.L.s profound spiritual journey writ large, testament as much to the man and his times as to the illumination he offers. The reader should feel that the statements within the work are as much propositions for discussion as explanations of how things came to be. And, as they do so, they may 11</p> <p>THE SCIENCE OF THE SACRAMENTS</p> <p>reflect that C.W.L., with his immense, insatiable spiritual curiosity, would have been the first to have initiated such a discussion and to have maintained it with that passion and faith which can only be borne of deep esoteric investigation. In as much as we can identify a key theme within The Science of the Sacraments, it is that of the immensity, omnipresence and unconditionality of the love of God. The role of the Church, her Sacraments and her ministers is to assist the seeker in the experience and appreciation of this central and all-encompassing truth concerning the nature of the divine experience; that salvation is not reserved to the few, and that the diverse faiths are not incapable of resolution and co-existence as parallel paths up the holy mountain towards eternity. Because of this factor, The Science of the Sacraments stands as a powerful call against the fractures of denominationalism, now even sadly prevalent within Liberal Catholicism itself, and calls Christians to unity of experience and common understanding. More than this, it presents us with the background to a liturgy that is complex, beautiful, that does not diminish or talk down the mystery of God, and that, speaking as a participant in its celebration, never fails to leave one with a feeling of spiritual refreshment and aesthetic appreciation. The Liberal Catholic Eucharist was strongly ahead of its time. C.W.L. and Wedgwood anticipated the vernacular Mass, the restoration of the kiss of peace, and the concept of the Mass as a participatory experience. As to the ordination of women, which issue has been the cause of so much division and strife within Liberal Catholicism in recent years, one need only point to the excellent article The Ordination of Women and the Meaning of Liberal in the Liberal Catholic Church by the Revd. Robert Ellwood (The Liberal Catholic LXVII no 2, 1999) which discusses the thoughts of C.W.L. as expressed in the present volume and indicates their proper context within a church that seeks to discern the spiritual signs of the times. This 12</p> <p>THE SCIENCE OF THE SACRAMENTS</p> <p>article also, significantly, warns against taking C.W.L.s pronouncements as the basis for dogmatic fundamentalism. Following the seventh English edition of 1980, there have been several facsimile editions of The Science of the Sacraments made available in recent years, including online versions, but no new edition as such. The original 1920 edition which C.W.L. himself revised substantially in 1929 has been republished in facsimile by Apocryphile Press. Furthermore, several of the available online editions have abridged the work and omitted the entirety of the concluding chapters for reasons which are unclear, and several of the reprints have introduced typographical inaccuracies into the work. This situation clearly calls for a wholly new edition to be made available, and it is to be hoped that the present imprint will satisfy this demand. In this edition, I have endeavoured to present C.W.L.s work in a useful and complete form, using the illustrations and diagrams that appeared in the original editions. The edition is in large part based on the 1929 second edition originating from the Theosophical Society in Adyar, and some of the annotations are based on the remarks subsequently added by the late +Ernest Burton, Presiding Bishop of the Liberal Catholic Church in the Sixth Edition. Since the clear organization of the work and its page-referenced tables of contents, diagrams and plates effectively render it self-indexing, the original concluding index has been omitted. +John Kersey, R.S.St.S. Co-Presiding Bishop, The Liberal Rite. Administrator and Clergy Member, The Independent Liberal Catholic Fellowship. Clergy Member: The Society for Humanistic Potential and The Sophia Circle. President, European-American University and Director, Arnold Harris Mathew Center for the Study of the Independent Sacramental Movement. London, September 2007 a.d. 13</p> <p>THE SCIENCE OF THE SACRAMENTS</p> <p>Authors Foreword to the Second Edition There is all around us a vast unseen world; unseen by most of us, but not necessarily invisible. There are within man faculties of the soul which, if developed, will enable him to perceive this world, so that it will become possible for him to explore and to study it precisely as man has explored and studied that part of the world which is within the reach of all. These faculties are the heritage of the whole human race; they will unfold within every one of us as our evolution progresses; but men who are willing to devote themselves to the effort may gain them in advance of the rest. There are men who have these powers in working order, and are able by their use to obtain a vast amount of most interesting information about this world which most of us as yet cannot see. The news that such investigators bring back to us is happily of the most reassuring character; they are able to tell us that divine law rules in these higher worlds of finer matter, just as it does down here in grosser matter; that to everything in this world there is an inner side, and that that inner side is often far greater and more glorious than the outer which to our blindness seems to be the whole. They tell us that man is a spirit, a spark of God's own fire; that he is immortal, and that to his growth and splendour there is no limit; that God's plan for him is wonderful and beautiful beyond all conception, and that none...</p>