seven ancient wonders of the world & new seven wonders

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Copyright TeachEzy 2013 @ teachezy.com Seven Ancient Wonders of the World & New Seven Wonders This is a scaffolded research activity that looks at the seven Ancient and New Wonders of the World. You will need - Attachments, photos printed of 14 Won- ders of the World (optional) – Ancient and New OR ac- cess to the internet. You will also need atlases or map of world on IWB, masking tape for timeline and felt pen, computers or IWB. By TeachEzy 11 Pages

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Seven Wonders
This is a scaffolded research activity that looks at the
seven Ancient and New Wonders of the World.
You will need - Attachments, photos printed of 14 Won-
ders of the World (optional) – Ancient and New OR ac-
cess to the internet. You will also need atlases or map of
world on IWB, masking tape for timeline and felt pen,
computers or IWB.
Copyright TeachEzy 2013 @ teachezy.com
Ideally, this activity will involve students do the research themselves in pairs or
groups on computer– just give them a Wonder to research (Attachment) and a
Research Sheet (Attachment).
Alternatively, look at each or some of the Wonders as a class and choose one
or all of the following activities.
1. Locate on a world map where each Wonder is and label the map. 2. Place Wonders on a time-line of when they have been built by laying a piece
of masking tape along the floor and placing the Wonder along the line – mark the tape with the dates and the name of the Wonder…note, some will be BC dates and some AD dates.
3. Find out interesting facts about each Wonder – e.g. how big it is, the weight, the length, the age, the height.
4. Discuss the reasons why each has been chosen as a Wonder – what is so amazing about it?
Provided is a summary of each Wonder for Teacher information – it is to provide a
brief background only.
Note: This activity does not cover the 7 Natural Wonders of the World which
include the Great Barrier Reef
SEVEN WONDERS OF THE ANCIENT WORLD
and
Temple of Artemis
The Pharos of Alexandria
7 New Wonders
Here are the 14 Wonders. Cut out the Wonders and give each student/group a
wonder to research.
Name of Wonder
Where is it located? Make sure you place a mark on the class map.
When was it built? Place in correct place on timeline.
What are its dimensions?
Wonder Research Sheet
Ancient Seven Wonders of the World
Great Pyramid of Giza Egypt Built in 2650BC. It was the tallest man made structure It was a tomb built for King Cheops – died 2566BC There was no treasure found with his body and it is
a mystery as to why not or how/if it was stolen
although there is no evidence of theft.
Tallest structure made by man for over 3000 years
until the 1800s.
Each stone weighs about 2.5 tonnes
Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Babylon (now known as Iraq – close to Baghdad) Built 600BC When King Nebuchadnezzar married Amyitis,
the daughter of the King of Medes, she was homesick for her homeland and Babylon was like a desert so to keep her happy, the King had an array of ‘hanging gardens built on terraces within the city’s walls.
Only survived 100 years before they were destroyed by war.
We know about the Hanging Gardens because historians documented them and archaeologists and historians today have managed to reconstruct what they believed they looked like.
Copyright TeachEzy 2013 @ teachezy.com
Statue of Zeus Olympia, Greece Built 435BC Built in the Temple of Zeus – the Olympic games
required the temple of the Gods to be present at the games and the crowd attending the games was getting larger, so it was decided that a bigger temple be built and the statue soon after by Architect Phidias, designed by Libon.
The skin is plated with ivory, with golden hair and beard. He sits on golden, ebony and ivory throne which also sat in a pool of water and oil which was used to coat the statue and protect from cracking in the temperatures of Olympia.
It sat at Olympia for 827 years, removed in c.392AD to Constantinople where it was destroyed by fire.
Only some of the temple pillars remain today at Olympia where the original Olympic games took place.
We know about the statue through Greek coins and because of a Greek traveler who wrote about it.
Mausoleum of Maussollos (Mausolus) Halicarnassus, Turkey Built 351BC Mausolus became ruler of Anatolia, Western Asia,
and married his sister Artemisia (this was traditional so as to keep power and wealth in the family). Sister and brother collected beautiful riches and planned to build a tomb so that they could bury their riches with them. Mausolus died suddenly and Anatolio had the tomb built by Greek artists and architects.
Historians of the era recorded the details of the
tomb which is believed to have been beautiful. The ruins still stand but the tomb was destroyed by
earthquake in the 15th Century and the tombs were raided. The marble from the tomb can be seen in the walls of Bodrum Castle, south western Turkey, and the statues of Artemisia and Mausolus are at the British Museum in London.
Copyright TeachEzy 2013 @ teachezy.com
Temple of Artemis Ephesus, Turkey Built 550BC Artemis was the Goddess of fertility (known as Diana) Temples to Artemis were built and destroyed many times but this temple was paid for by King
Croesus of Lydia Had more than 100 columns, 300 feet long, 150 feet wide. It was used for worship and as a marketplace Burnt down by a young rebel and rebuilt by the architect Scopas of Paros Only one column remains (made up of parts of columns) standing at the original site at the city of
Ephesus in Greece although some remains are displayed at the British Museum in London. Pharos of Alexandria Island of Pharos, Egypt Built 282BC Large tower about 330 feet tall – acted as a
lighthouse Ordered by the General of Alexander the
Great, Ptolemy Soter – built by architect Sostratus of Cnidus
The Pharos stood for 1500 years but fell around 1303 to 1323 and was washed away by sea.
Now the remains are in the Mediterranean Sea near Qaitbey fort which can be visited and at Kom el Dikka, an amphitheatre in Alexandria.
Copyright TeachEzy 2013 @ teachezy.com
Colossus of Rhodes Greece Built 280BC Statue to the God, Helios (Sun God) Built from money obtained by the people
of Rhodes in selling weaponry left during an unsuccessful siege on their city.
Stood 100 feet high Destroyed by an earthquake 56 years after
completion There are no remains for viewing today
and there is debate as to where it used to stand
New Seven Wonders of the World (although, they are still not new)
Great Wall of China
Parts are thought to be started in the 7th Century BC, and joined by Qin Shi Huang, China’s first Emperor as a barrier against attack when he came into power in 221BC. It was added to over centuries It is thought it took 1 to 3 million peo- ple to build the wall It is wide enough for 10 people to walk side by side Much of the Great Wall has disap- peared and historians are unsure of its original length Parts of it can still be viewed at different locations around China – Bandaling portion, Mu Tien Yu, ShiGuan and JuYongGuan passes. Estimated to be over 6200km long
Copyright TeachEzy 2013 @ teachezy.com
Taj Mahal Agra, India Planning started in 1631 –
completed 1648, although the remaining gardens and buildings took until 1653.
Mausoleum for Mumtuz Mahal, the third wife of Shah Jahan, who died in 1631 during the delivery of their 14th child! He was stricken with grief on los- ing her.
Mix of Indian, Persian and Turkish architecture
Inside you will find many jewels and the two cenotaphs – that of Mumtuz Mahal and the Shah. Their tombs are downstairs, below the cenotaphs.
Buildings surrounding the Taj Mahal contain the Shah’s other wives and a servant It was defaced during British colonial rule by the British until they started restoring it – restoration
was completed in 1908.
Machu Picchu Peru – Entry point through Cuzco Built 1400s Built (maybe) for the Incan ruler Pachacuti for a palace or possibly as a religious site Machu Picchu was abandoned during the Spanish Conquest (although the Spanish never found the site) or the people were destroyed by smallpox and was forgotten until an American broadcasted its existence in 1911 It is set between 2 high mounts and the Urubamba River runs on 3 sides of it which allowed substantial agricultural enterprises to be grown on terraces. You can visit it by train or walk to it, although this takes about 4 days to walk there and the altitude causes problems.
Copyright TeachEzy 2013 @ teachezy.com
Petra Jordon – Entry point through Amman, then about a 4 hour drive to Petra Built: they think around 1500BC (it is mentioned in the Bible earlier) Originally inhabited by Nabataeans which used it as a huge trade centre, but eventually taken over by Romans Ancient city of stone accessed by narrow gorges in a valley in Jordon between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba. It is carved out of solid rock It was a once a huge city, abandoned… many of the houses are not standing today due to earthquakes (around 363AD), theft over time was a problem, but temples and alters are still standing. The most amazing system of dams, canals and reservoirs were built for irrigation purposes in an arid desert area. Rediscovered in 1812 by a Swiss Adventurer
Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater) Rome, Italy Construction started by Emperor
Vespasian 72AD Built for gladiatorial games where
slaves or criminals fought each other or animals to the death for entertainment – they estimate more than 500,000 people and 1 million animals died there.
Takes up 6 acres of land, has 80
entrances and could seat over 50,000 people.
Floor was made of wood and then covered in sand. Under the floor were two levels containing passages and cages for the animals.
An earthquake caused damage in 1349 and many pieces were stolen…the Church proclaimed it has Holy ground in about 1700 and this helped what was left be preserved.
Copyright TeachEzy 2013 @ teachezy.com
Christ the Redeemer Rio de Janiero, Brazil Built 1921 Religious Statue on Corcovado
Mountain overlooking Rio. Built through donations from Brazilians to the Church (mainly Catholic)
130 feet tall – built of reinforced concrete
Designed by Heitor da Silva Costa (engineer) and sculpted in France by Paul Landowski