sfra template version2

Download Sfra Template Version2

Post on 03-Jun-2018

219 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    1/44

    FireSafety

    Fire risk assessment

    Colin de Jongh

    Health and Safety Manager

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    2/44

    Regulatory Reform Order

    (Fire Safety) Enacted 1stOctober 2006

    Fire certificates cease to have effect

    New duty holder Responsible Person

    Must carry out a fire risk assessment

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    3/44

    Responsible Person

    The person who has to any extent thecontrol of :

    A workplacethe employer,managers, supervisors etc.

    The premisesowner, occupier or

    agent

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    4/44

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    5/44

    General Fire Precautions

    Reduce the risk and spread of fire

    Ensure means of escape at all times

    Fire fighting measures on premises

    Fire detection and warnings of

    Action in the case of fire Training and instruction

    Measures to mitigate the effects

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    6/44

    Anyquestions?

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    7/44

    Main causation of fires(12 months Jan 05 to Dec 05)

    1. Deliberate ignition - 53

    2. Electrical - 34

    3. Cooking - 13

    4. Friction, heat and sparks - 12

    5. Smoking materials - 116. Naked light - 4

    >250K

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    8/44

    Organisations

    (12 months Jan 05 to Dec 05)

    1. Dwellings - 27

    2. Local/national government25

    3. Hospitality & food and drink industry - 13

    4. Retail12

    5.

    Chemical Industry - 116. Education - 9 >250K

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    9/44

    Fire safety risk assessment

    1. Identify the fire hazards

    2. Identify the people at risk

    3. Evaluate, remove or reduce, and protectfrom risk

    4. Record, plan, inform, instruct, and train

    5. Review

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    10/44

    Anyquestions?

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    11/44

    1. Identify the fire hazards

    Identify:

    Sources of ignition

    Sources of fuel

    Sources of oxygen

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    12/44

    The fire triangle

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    13/44

    Sources of ignition

    ARSON

    Smokers materials

    Naked flames Electrical, gas,

    portable heatingequipment

    Hot processes- paintstripping, welding

    Lighting equipment

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    14/44

    Sources of fuel

    Flammable liquidbased products

    Packaging materials Waste products

    Stationary

    Soft furnishings and

    furniture Some construction

    materials

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    15/44

    Sources of Oxygen

    The air around us

    Air conditioning

    Some chemicals Oxygen supplies

    cylinder storage

    Pyrotechnics

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    16/44

    Anyquestions?

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    17/44

    2. Identify the people at risk

    Employees especiallythose who work alone

    Vulnerable people Contractors

    Young people

    Other people in theimmediate vicinity

    Fire fighters

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    18/44

    3. Evaluate, remove, reduce,

    and protect from risk

    Evaluate the risk of a fire occurring:-Accidentally

    By act or omission

    Deliberately

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    19/44

    3. Evaluate, remove, reduce, and

    protect from riskEvaluate the risk to people

    Fire is spread by:

    Convection

    Conduction

    Radiation

    Contact or direct heat

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    20/44

    Smoke movement through a

    building

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    21/44

    Why do we close fire doors?

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    22/44

    Why we do close fire doors

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    23/44

    Evaluating the risks to people

    Consider:

    Fires on lower floors can affect escape routes for

    those on upper floors Fires developing in unoccupied spaces which

    people have to pass

    Spread of fire or smoke via vertical shafts and

    service or ventilation ducts Fires in service rooms affecting hazardous

    materials

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    24/44

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    25/44

    Remove or reduce the hazards

    - sources of fuel Ensure flammable materials, liquids and

    gases are kept to a minimum and stored

    properly Do not keep flammable solids, liquids and

    gases together

    Remove combustible waste daily

    Store waste materials securely away frombuildings.

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    26/44

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    27/44

    Remove or reduce the hazards

    to people Ensure that any risks remaining to people

    are controlled

    Provide systems to warn people and allowthem to escape in the event of fire

    Provide adequate exits for the number of

    people present

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    28/44

    Fire detection and warning systems

    System will depend on the size and layoutof the building

    It should provide adequate warning in theevent of a fire

    Automatic or manual?

    You may/will need special arrangementsfor people with disabilities

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    29/44

    Fire-fighting equipment and

    facilities Can reduce the risk of a small fire (waste

    paper bin) developing into a larger one

    Controlling a fire in the early stages canreduce the risk to people

    There should be enough portableextinguishers suitable for the risk

    They should be sited throughout thepremises at suitable locations

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    30/44

    Fire-fighting equipment and

    facilities

    Co2 Foam Powder Water

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    31/44

    Fire-fighting equipment and

    facilities Class A firerule of thumb one water

    extinguisher for every 200m minimum 2

    per floor

    Additional risksappropriate type &number of extinguishers. See BS 5306-8

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    32/44

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    33/44

    Escape routes

    Escape routes should be:

    Suitable

    Easily, safely and immediately usable at all times Adequate for the number of people

    Free from any obstructions, slip or trips hazards

    Available for access by the emergency services

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    34/44

    Escape routes

    Suitable:

    Fire resistant construction

    Escape routes should not go through otheroccupiers premises

    Doors should open in the direction of travel

    Be fitted with vision panels if over 60 people

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    35/44

    Emergency evacuation of persons

    with mobility impairment Do not use lifts unless alternative power supplies

    and protected from smoke Take to refuge and wait for assistance or begin

    staged evacuationprovide communications. You must have plans to evacuate without

    assistance Consider use of evacuation chairs Provide buddy system for those with visual

    impairment Visual alarms in cases of hearing impairment

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    36/44

    Emergency escape lighting

    Provided on all escape routes to assist inevacuation and should cover:

    Exit doors and escape routes Intersections of corridors

    Outside each final exit and external

    escape routes and stairways Changes in level

    Fire equipment and alarm call points

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    37/44

    Signs and notices

    Comply with British orEuropean standards

    Not mixed Be fire resistant

    British Standard

    European Standard

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    38/44

    Installation, testing & maintenance

    Installed by competent persons

    Maintained in line with manufacturers

    guidance

    Tested weekly

    Inspected quarterly

    Records kept for inspection

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    39/44

    Any

    questions?

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    40/44

    4. Record, plan, inform, instruct &train

    Fire risk assessmentrecorded available forinspection

    Actions prioritised and implemented Evacuation plans developed, implemented and

    testedat least twice annually or once per term

    Employee groups informed of results

    Employees, visitors, contractors given adequatetraining and instruction

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    41/44

    5. Review

    Review risk assessments, plans etc:

    When changes occurchanges to work

    processes, alterations to the building orwork patterns

    Introduction of new equipment, hazardous

    substances, significant increase in peopleAt least annually

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    42/44

    We dont want to

    end up like this

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    43/44

    Or this

  • 8/12/2019 Sfra Template Version2

    44/44

    Any

    questions?