shooting for the moon the space race

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Shooting for the Moon The Space Race. Power point created by Robert L. Martinez Primary Content Source: All the People by Joy Hakim Images as cited. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • Shooting for the Moon The Space RacePower point created by Robert L. MartinezPrimary Content Source: All the People by Joy HakimImages as cited.

  • It was an outrageous idea, to expect to leave the earths atmosphere and make it to the moon, especially in the same century that people had first learned to fly.

  • We might not have tried it at all if it hadnt been for Russia. When the Russians sent a satellite into space, called Sputnik, we couldnt believe it.

  • We Americans had the idea that we were better than others. It was a kind of national arrogance. We arent better or smarter than other people.

  • Russias Sputnik got us energized. We didnt want our communist foes to take over space.Soviet control room

  • Then, in April 1961, the Russians sent a man rocketing into space. His name was Yuri Gagarin.

  • The United States had a space agency, NASA , but we were behind the Russians, and we couldnt stand the idea.Photograph provided by Robert L. MartinezCoach Martinez

  • Photographed by Robert L. MartinezVehicle Assembly Building,Kennedy Space Center, Florida

  • President John F. Kennedy made a speech announcing our intention to put a man on the moon before the decade is out. We were off on a space race.

  • This moon trip became the will of a nation. It took the talent of thousands of brains, it took the lives of some astronauts (who were killed in explosive misfires). White, Grissom, and Chaffee

  • The first step toward the moon was flight into space. Alan B. Shepard was squeezed into a spacesuit in a space capsule just big enough to hold him. Texan Alan Shepard

  • This was the Mercury project, named for the swift messenger of the ancient Roman gods. (The space craft was named Freedom 7).

  • The first American manned flight into space lasted 15 minutes.

  • The Mercury flights, there were 6 of them, were an important first step. One Mercury flight lasted 34 hours. Original Mercury Astronauts

  • Next came the Gemini program, named for twin stars. They were two-manned flights intended to test docking techniques.

  • Gemini connected with a target vehicle, named Agena. The spacecraft touched noses and clamped themselves together in space.

  • The Gemini astronauts walked outside the capsule in space suits, into outer space, but with a cord that firmly tied them to their ship.Photographed by Robert L. Martinez



  • On the morning of July 16,1969, five months before President Kennedys deadline of the end of the decade, the sun was bright and the skies were clear at Cape Canaveral on Floridas east coast.

  • Some 8,000 people were packed into a special viewing area; others jammed nearby roads and beaches to view the launching of Apollo 11.

  • Nearby, three men sat strapped elbow to elbow inside a narrow capsule on top of a Saturn rocket that stood as tall as a 30-story building.

  • Photograph taken by Robert L. Martinez

  • Neil Armstrong, a civilian pilot, was in the left seat. Some said he was the nations best jet test pilot.

  • Edwin Aldrin sat in the middle. Everyone called him by his school nickname, Buzz. Some of his scientific ideas had gone into this mission.

  • Michael Collins, another air force officer and test pilot, was to pilot the command ship, which would orbit the moon while the other two men descended to the lunar surface in the landing vehicle.

  • Photographed by Robert L. Martinez

  • The rocket, named Saturn V, belched fire and its own billowing clouds, lifted off, and seemed to rise slowly.

  • But that was just an illusion, after two and a half minutes Saturn V was 41 miles above Earth. It was traveling at 5,400 mph when its first stage fell away.

  • Mission Control, Kennedy Space Center, FloridaPhotographed by Robert L. Martinez


  • The next stage took the astronauts 110 miles above Earth, carrying them at 14,000 mph, and was jettisoned (dropped away).

  • The third stage got them to 17,000 mph. they were now weightless and orbiting the earth. It was only 17 minutes after liftoff.

  • After they had circled the globe twice, the third-stage engine fired the ship away from Earths orbit. It would take three days to get to the moon.










  • Television took us into space and then put us on the rocky, craggy, pockmarked moon. When the two men stepped out of the landing vehicle, we were there.

  • It was an American spaceship, but it was a world event.


  • Neil Armstrong stepped onto the moons crunchy soil and said, One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind. It was an understatement.


  • The view from the moon was of one Earth, it was not one of small, separate nations.

  • Photograph provided by Robert L. MartinezAustin Renee Martinezchecking out the Lunar Rover.

  • Life sized mock-up of Space ShuttleKennedy Space Center, Florida 1996.

    Coach Martinez

  • Space Shuttle on Launching Pad, Summer 2007Photographed by Robert L. MartinezCoach Martinez


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