short stack strategy – how to play after the flop
Post on 19-Jan-2016
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DESCRIPTIONStrategy: No Limit. Short Stack Strategy – How to play after the flop. Middle pair A pocket pair after one higher community card (not an ace!) has been dealt. Top pair A pair made up of one of your hole cards and the highest community card. Overpair - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Short Stack Strategy How to play after the flop
Middle pairA pocket pair after one higher community card (not an ace!) has been dealt.
Top pairA pair made up of one of your hole cards and the highest community card.
OverpairA pocket pair that is higher than the highest community card.What hands can you keep?
OESD (Open Ended Straight Draw)Four cards in direct sequence, with only the last missing. For example 4, 5, 6, 7.
Flush drawFour cards of the same suit.
What hands can you keep?
Youve raised before the flopYou try to bet all-in on the flop with any of the hands shown before (or better).
How to play:If no one has bet, you bet about 2/3 of the pot.If someone has already bet, go all-in immediately. If you bet and someone raises after you, go all-in.If your bet costs you more than half your stack, go all-in immediately.If opponents call your bet on the flop, go all-in on the turn immediately.
If your hand cant be played, dont invest any money on the flop.
Exception 1: If the pot is already twice the size of your stack at the start of the betting round then you definitely go all-in!
Exception 2: If youve raised before the flop and only have one opponent then you should always bet about 2/3 of the pot. If the opponent raises, you fold. How to play your hand
You have not raised before the flopDont play a hand that still needs improving. So dont play an OESD or a flush draw. Dont play a middle pair at this stage and only play a top pair if your second hole card is at least a jack.
How to play:If no one has bet so far, you bet about 2/3 of the pot.If someone has already bet, go all-in immediately. If youve bet and someone raises after you, go all-in. If your bet costs you more than half your stack, go all-in immediately. If opponents call your bet on the flop, go all-in on the turn immediately.
How to play your hand
Example 1FOLDRAISEFOLDFOLDFOLDFOLDFOLD$0.05$0. FOLDCALL$0.55$0.10FOLDPot: $0.85CHECKBET: $1.80: $9.90: $9: $
Example 2FOLDRAISEFOLDFOLDFOLDFOLDFOLD$0,05$FOLDCALL$All-inFOLDPot: $0.85BETRAISE $$0.10: $2.00: $: $9.90
Example 3FOLDFOLDFOLDFOLDFOLDFOLDFOLD$0.05$0.10BETCALLCALL$All-inPot: $1.20CHECKCHECKBET: $1.40: $1: $9.95: $9.90
You have learned that:
If youve raised before the flop, you can play middle, top and overpairs or better. Additionally you can play an OESD and a flush draw.
If you didnt raise before the flop you only play a top pair with a jack kicker at least - or an overpair and of course any other better hand.
A middle pair is worthless if one of the community cards is an ace.
Bluffing is only possible if, first of all, youve raised before the flop and, secondly, you only have one opponent on the flop.Summary
Welcome to PokerStrategy.com, your professional poker school.
This video focuses on the last part of the Short Stack Strategy the game from the second betting round onwards, i.e. after the flop.
Whether you invest money once the first three community cards have been dealt, or during later betting rounds, primarily depends on how you hit the community cards. If youve hit a good hand, you should go all-in. If not, well ...youll have to wait and see. *What hands can you keep?You already know what the best hands are, for example a straight or a flush, from the article on the Texas Holdem playing rules. In the short-stack strategy there are a few additional exceptions, however, for example three different types of pairs: the middle pair, top pair and overpair.
WHAT IS A MIDDLE PAIR? You have a middle pair when both your hole cards already make up a pair, and there is exactly one higher community card that is not an ace. You might be holding two tens in your hand for example and then the flop comes 8, 3 and Q. Thats when you have a middle pair, because there is only one higher card the queen.
WHAT IS A TOP PAIR? A top pair is a pair made up of one of your hole cards and the highest community card so far. If you have an ace and a jack for example, then you will have a top pair if the highest community card is either an ace or a jack.
WHAT IS AN OVERPAIR? An overpair is a pocket pair made up of your two hole cards which are both higher than the highest community card. For example, if you have two aces and there are only undercards on the flop, you have an overpair.
WHAT IS AN OESD?You have an OESD (open-ended straight draw) when you have four cards in direct sequence, such as 4, 5, 6 and 7. In direct sequence means that the cards are in running order. You need a fifth card at either end of the sequence to complete a straight. Only then will you be able to play this straight draw. You should never play the hand if youre missing a middle card to complete a straight, for example if youre holding 4, 5, 7 and 8.
The OESD in the example shown is made up of the card sequence: 9, 10, jack, queen.
As is generally the case in Texas Hold'em it doesnt matter how many of your two hole cards and how many of the community cards you use for this hand. You can use both your hole cards and two community cards, or three community cards and just one of your hole cards for a draw it makes no difference.
WHAT IS A FLUSH DRAW? You have a flush draw when youre holding four suited cards. What is missing from this draw is a fifth card of the same suit to make a straight flush. How to play your handYouve raised before the flop If youve raised before the flop the game is relatively easy. You try to bet all-in on the flop with any of the hands shown in the previous slide, or with better hands like a flush, of course.
So you ought to play: A middle pair, top pair, overpair and any better hand + OESD and flush draw.
How to play: If no one has bet so far, you should bet two-thirds of the pot.If someone has already bet, go all-in immediately.If you bet and someone raises after you, go all-in straight away.If your bet costs you more than half your stack, go all-in straight away. If opponents only call your bet on the flop, then go all-in on the turn immediately.
What if your hand cant be played? If you have none of the hands mentioned previously you will usually just fold and not invest any more money. You might be able to see the turn card without having to put any more money into the pot and then you might have a chance of turning your hand into a pair or better. In that case just continue playing like you did on the flop. There are two exceptions on the flop, however.
Exception 1: If the pot is already twice the size of your stack at the start of the betting round then you go all-in, regardless of what your opponents are doing and what hand you are holding.
Exception 2: If youve raised before the flop and only have one opponent left you should always bet about two-thirds of the pot. It doesnt matter what hand you are holding, as you are bluffing here. But this only goes for when you have just one opponent who has not bet anything so far.If the opponent raises, you fold. If he calls your bet, you should give up the bluff. Unless of course you manage to improve your hand with the turn card, by turning it into a middle pair or overpair for example. In that case you would go all-in on the turn.You have not raised before the flopThe situation changes if you havent raised before the flop. This usually only happens if youre in the big blind and nobody raises before the flop. Firstly you dont play a hand that still needs improving, so this means you dont play an OESD or flush draw. Secondly you no longer play a middle pair and only play a top pair if your second hole card (the kicker) is at least a jack.
So you play: Top pairs (at least a jack kicker), overpairs and any better hand.
How to play: If no one has bet so far, you bet two-thirds of the pot. If someone has already bet, go all-in immediately. If youve bet and someone raises after you, go all-in immediately. If your bet costs you more than half your stack, go all-in right away.If opponents call your bet on the flop, go all-in on the turn right away. We will now show you how to put the rules explained so far to use by examining a few examples. The article that goes with this video contains further sample hands.
You are sitting in early position and hold AK. Of course you raise this before the flop and the big blind calls your raise.
He checks on the flop. Although you havent hit a pair or better your opponent is showing weakness. He is also your only opponent, so the chances are good that he will fold if you bet.
The size of your bet should always be about two-thirds of the pot. In this case you will place a bet of $0.55. You can estimate this size you dont need to calculate it exactly. If you bet $0.50 or $0.60, you will not be making a mistake, the important thing is that you do actually bet.
If your opponent would call the bet then the round would be over for you for now, unless you manage to improve your hand on the turn or river. Once again, youve raised with AK before the flop and the player in the big blind position has called.
This time he bets on the flop. But youve now hit a strong hand: the top pair of kings.
According to the strategy you should go all-in if an opponent bets before you and youve hit a playable hand. So you push all your chips into the middle.Here is an example for a so-called middle pair. You have pocket queens, raise before the flop, but the flop brings a higher card - the king. So if your opponent now holds a top pair of kings, for example, he has a better hand than you do.
You can continue to play your hand as normal nevertheless, as long as the higher community card is not an ace. In this case, however, you would not only bet, but go all-in strai