shot types/ framing of shots
Framing and Shot Types Aims• To develop an understanding of how and
why we frame camera shots in a particular way.
Outcomes• To produce a range of promotional
photographs that work for a specific purpose.
FRAMING• Frames can be empty
or full.• Characters/products
can be in the foreground or background
• They might be left or right of the frame
• These all have meaning
EXTREME CLOSE UP (ECU)
• Extreme Close Ups show only a section of a face/object/product to focus attention.
• Good for detail• Often used to discomfort • Very dramatic
• Close ups frame the head, hand or foot of a character or part of an object.
• They draw your attention to a facial expression or an object which might be significant.
MEDIUM CLOSE UP (MCU) or MIDSHOT (MS)
• A medium shot is used to show characters interacting.
• Helps the viewer to see the body language – eg. intimacy
LONG SHOT/WIDE SHOT (LS)
• This shot often shows the relationship between the character/product and the setting. It will show the whole body of the product in the setting in which it stands.
EXTREME LONG SHOT(ELS)• This shot is used to
indicate a sense of setting and scale.
• It is particularly useful to indicate the overwhelming nature of the environment.
• It is also used to establish location and as in this image create a sense of isolation.
• This level of camera creates a degree of normality for the viewer as it does not suggest an angle that is odd or unexpected.
• This presents the character/product as in a position of power
• It often makes the audience see things as bigger than they are.
• What is seen therefore seems awe-inspiring, powerful or odd.
HIGH ANGLE• This is an unexpected
camera position.• It often suggests the
object/character is frightened or the viewer is in a position of power. The viewer is looking down on the product/character.
• It can also be used to suggest size and/or scale, as in this image.