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IICERTIFICATECertified that

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C4> Mr. Kautilya M. Shukla has completed his research work leading to Ph.D degree on, "University libraries in Gujarat", under my guidance.The thesis embodies the work of the candidate himsel f.The candidate worked under my guidance for the period required under para 8 (c) of the Ph.D ordinance.

In my opinion, the thesis fulfiles the requirements of the ordinance relating to Ph.D degree of Vikram Un iversi t y.The thesis is the original work of the candidate and is satisfactory from the point view of language and presentation of subject matter.IIResearch Supervisor

I recommend the thesis for evaluation.liakar sankrantiUj jainIIAPHNOWIEDQEHENTS

My greatest debt is to my guide Dr. A. Tejomurty Reader, School of Studies in Library and Information Science. It is simply not possible to express in words my deep sense of gratitude to him for his able guidance. Dr. A. Tejomurty gave me his time most willingly and in critical moments in my work, installed in me a sense of confidence. Above all, I am very grateful for the affection which he had shown for me and the interest which he evinced m my work and progress. I consider my self very fortunate to have encouragement from him.I thank the university librarians of different universities of Gujarat, for their help in providing the required information concerning their libraries.

On the domestic side, throughout the period of my research work I remained highly pre-occupied. It did mean some neglect of my parents and my family members. But anxieties and excitements were understood and shared. I owe much to my parents, wife Pallavi, sons Ankit and Ankur for their silent contribution in my study by all means.

I am indebted to the different authors on the subject whose works I have either consulted or quoted. A big vote of thanks goes to my friend Indrajeet Singh Chauhan forhis cordial and willing co-operation.

Last but not least, I am thankful to all those seen and unseen heads and hands who have been of direct or indirect help in the completion of my work.Makar SankrantiJanuary 14, 1990K H SHUKLAUj jainPREFACE

The hallmark of the human spirit is its relentless pursuit of truth, its uniterrupted intellectual quest, restless meanderings and the determined sallies of the unconquerable mind of man into art, literature, culture and the mysteries of nature have resulted in a mass of experience of knowledge which mankind has acquired since the very dawn of history. This mass of experience and knowledge, is embodied in books that are acquired and preserved in a highly selective manner in university libraries. Thus university libraries are sanctuaries where the human spirit is preserved.

In the modern sense our university libraries have only century old tradition. Since 1B73 university libraries of the country have witnessed a swell of change because of the emergence of Dr. S.R.Ranganathan on the library horizon, the recommendations of Radhakrishnan Commission (1948-1949), the inception of the University Grants Commission in 1956, and the recommendations of the Kothari Commission (19641966). Besides this the Seminar of university Librarians (Jaipur) (1966), the Seminar on Work Flow in University Libraries (1966) and Carl M. White's survey of Delhi university library, and the recommendations of the seminar on National Policy on university libraries (1986) have given a fresh thought, orientation and new dimension to university 1ibrarianship in the country. All these factors have brought major change in the outbook of university librarians, theirIVstatus and service conditions, their education and training programme. This change has interpreted a librarian from custodian to the interpreter of knowledge and libraries turned into temples of learning.Even though this change in outlook of the people about the utility of the university libraries which are important factors in the country's development of the cultural, political, social, scientific and technological, has not helped in return to the university libraries, although libraries have served them. The university libraries are struggling hard to meet the requirements of the university community, but its resources are very scarce and limited to allow them to fulfil their functions and services in context to the requirements of its clientele.University libraries in India have achieved more or less similarities in their attitudes and approaches to the problems, aims and objectives and uniformity in its organization and administration. Besides these similarities, there are inconsistencies and inequalities in the university libraries of Gujarat in relation to library management, library collection, library finances, library services, library buildings, staff, and library membership.In India few studies have been made by eminent scholars, and library scientist regarding the various aspects of the university libraries in general. The problems of university libraries of Gujarat are acute like inadequate finances, vacant posts, under staff, insufficient readingmaterial and equipment , inefficient library services, increasing number of students enrolment, lack of proper physical facilities, require immediate attention and prompt action by the authorities concerned to improve the situation of university libraries of the respective universities.The whole thesis is divided into eight chapters. Chapter one is an introduction to the state of Gujarat and its important features in relation to higher education. This chapter deals with the role and functions of the university library; development of university libraries in modern India and in Gujarat, the importance, scope and methodology of the present study.

Chapter two library management deals with the issues of library management, role of Executive Council and the Library Committee; library personnel, their status , qualifications, staff manual and faculty relationship are covered in this chapter. The general accepted norms and the position in Gujarat are also discussed.Chapter three deals with library collection covering acquisitianal programme, book selection policy, books and periodical collections, non book material and its position in the university libraries in Gujarat.Chapter four discusses library finances in which anattempt has been made to make comparative position of theadifferent university libraries at every stage in relation to their resources, expenditure, budgeting and budgetaryproportions and standards, accounting and auditing.Chapter five switches over to library services, split in to two, technical services and reader services. Technical services discussed are, classification, cataloguing, binding , stock verification, reprography. And an attempt is made to findout whether the traditional readers services have been provided by the university libraries of Gujarat to their users like circulation, reference, bibliographical, documentation, and information services.Chapter six moves on to discussion of library cooperation. The need for co-operation, interlibrary loan, resource sharing, inter-library study facilities, union cataloguing, local, national and international cooperation, and their position among the university libraries of the state is evaluated.Chapter seven provides the principles of planning, functional view of library building, modular planning, location of the buildings, space requirements and estimation, and future considerations. The position of university libraries in Gujarat is discussed.Chapter eight concludes the whole work , and an attempt has been made to elaborate observations and suggestions pertaining to university libraries of the state.

U j jain January 14, 1990VIIVIILIST QF TABIESS.NO.HEADINGPAGE NO. IComparative position of university 56 librarians in library committees andacademic bodies of the university. 2Comparative statement of public relations 60 in universities of Gujarat. 3Pay scales of library staff 64 4Revised pay scales of librarians in the 65 universities from 1.1.1986 5Comparative position of staff in the 69 university libraries of Gujarat

6Comparative statement of pay scales of library 70 staff in Gujarat with effect from 1.1.1986 7Comparative position of books in the 89 university, libraries in Gujarat

8Comparative position of sub jec:t-wise current 93 periodicals in the university libraries inGujarat in 1987 9Comparative position of subject-wise percentage 95 of number of periodicals subcribed in university libraries in Gujarat. 10Allocation to libraries out of university 108 budget IIRecurring grants to university libraries in 111 Gujarat by the UGC during plan period. 12Non- recurring grants to university libraries 114 in Gujarat by the UGC during plan period 13Ad-hoc grants given by the UGC to university 116 libraries in Gujarat 14Library fees colleced by the universities in 122 Gujarat 15Fines collected by the university libraries in 124 Gujarat 16Financial resources of the M.S.university 127 1ibrary 17Financial resources of Gujarat University 129 Iibrary 18Financial resources of S.P. University library 131 19Financial resources of Saurastra University 132 1ibrary 20Financial resources of South Gujarat University 134 library 21Comparative analysis of total university 136 libraries income in Gujarat 22Expenditure of the M.S. University library 143 23Expenditure of