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  • No. 123186

    IN THE SUPREME COURT OF ILLINOIS

    STACY ROSENBACH, as Mother and Next Friend of Alexander Rosenbach, individually and as the representative of a class of similarly situated persons,

    Plaintiff-Appellant,

    v.

    SIX FLAGS ENTERTAINMENT CORPORATION and GREAT AMERICA LLC,

    Defendants-Appellees.

    On Appeal from the Appellate Court of Illinois, Second District, No. 2-17-0317, there on Appeal from the Circuit Court of Lake County, Illinois, No. 2016-CH-13,

    the Honorable Luis A. Berrones, Judge Presiding

    BRIEF FOR DEFENDANTS-APPELLEES

    Debra R. Bernard PERKINS COIE LLP 131 South Dearborn Street, Suite 1700 Chicago, IL 60603 (312) 324-8400 DBernard@perkinscoie.com Kathleen M. O’Sullivan PERKINS COIE LLP 1201 Third Avenue, Suite 4900 Seattle, WA 98101 (206) 359-8000 KOSullivan@perkinscoie.com Counsel for Defendants-Appellees

    E-FILED 9/10/2018 1:38 PM Carolyn Taft Grosboll SUPREME COURT CLERK

    SUBMITTED - 2138734 - Debra Bernard - 9/10/2018 1:38 PM

    123186

  • POINTS AND AUTHORITIES

    Page

    i

    NATURE OF THE CASE .................................................................................................1

    740 ILCS 14/20 ........................................................................................................1

    Rosenbach v. Six Flags Entm’t Corp., 2017 IL App (2d) 170317 ...........................1

    STATEMENT OF THE ISSUES ......................................................................................2

    Ilinois Supreme Court Rule 308 ..............................................................................2

    740 ILCS 14/20 ........................................................................................................3

    740 ILCS 14/15 ........................................................................................................3

    FACTS AND PROCEDURAL HISTORY ......................................................................3

    A. Statutory Background ...............................................................................3

    740 ILCS 14/20 ........................................................................................4, 5

    740 ILCS 14/15 ........................................................................................3, 4

    740 ILCS 14/5 ..........................................................................................3, 4

    740 ILCS 14/10 ........................................................................................4, 5

    B. Plaintiff’s Allegations.................................................................................5

    C. Six Flags’ Motion To Dismiss And Certified Questions .........................7

    D. The Second District’s Unanimous Opinion .............................................7

    Rosenbach v. Six Flags Entm’t Corp., 2017 IL App (2d) 170317 ..............................................................7, 8, 9

    Black’s Law Dictionary (10th ed. 2014) ..................................................7, 8

    E. Petition For Leave To Appeal ...................................................................9

    Illinois Supreme Court Rule 315 .................................................................9

    STANDARD OF REVIEW ...............................................................................................9

    Illinois Supreme Court Rule 308 .............................................................................9

    De Bouse v. Bayer, 235 Ill. 2d 544 (2009) ........................................................................................9

    SUBMITTED - 2138734 - Debra Bernard - 9/10/2018 1:38 PM

    123186

  • POINTS AND AUTHORITIES (continued)

    Page

    ii

    Barbara’s Sales, Inc. v. Intel Corp., 227 Ill. 2d 45 (2007) ..........................................................................................9

    ARGUMENT ......................................................................................................................9

    I. Only A Person Who Suffers Actual Harm May Recover Under BIPA ............9 740 ILCS 14/20 ........................................................................................................9

    A. BIPA’s Plain Language Limits A Right Of Action To Persons “Aggrieved By A Violation” Of The Act................................................10

    740 ILCS 14/20 ..........................................................................................10

    1. The Plain And Ordinary Meaning Of “Aggrieved” Requires An Actual Injury Or Adverse Effect ..........................................10 740 ILCS 14/20 ..............................................................................13

    740 ILCS 14/15 ..............................................................................13

    Rosenbach v. Six Flags Entm’t Corp., 2017 IL App (2d) 170317 .......................................10, 11, 16, 17

    Black’s Law Dictionary (10th ed. 2014) ......................10, 11, 12, 14

    Webster’s New International Dictionary (3d ed. 1981) ............................................................................12

    1 The Compact Edition of the Oxford English Dictionary (1984) .....................................................................12

    The Random House College Dictionary 26 (Jess Stein et al. eds., 1st ed. (1984) ..................................13

    Dictionary.com...............................................................................13

    McCollough v. Smarte Carte, Inc., No. 16 C 03777, 2016 WL 4077108 (N.D. Ill. Aug. 1, 2016) ...........................................................................11

    Vigil v. Take-Two Interactive Software, Inc., 235 F. Supp. 3d 499 (S.D.N.Y. 2017), vacated in part on other grounds sub nom. Santana v. Take-Two Interactive Software, Inc., 717 F. App’x 12 (2d Cir. 2017) ........................................................................................11

    SUBMITTED - 2138734 - Debra Bernard - 9/10/2018 1:38 PM

    123186

  • POINTS AND AUTHORITIES (continued)

    Page

    iii

    Liebovich v. Minn. Ins. Co.,

    2008 WI 75 .............................................................................11

    Avudria v. McGlone Mortg. Co., 2011 WI App 95 ......................................................................11

    Spade v. Select Comfort Corp., 181 A.3d 969 (N.J. 2018) ........................................................12

    Alexander v. Sandoval, 532 U.S. 275 (2001) ................................................................13 California v. Sierra Club, 451 U. S. 287 (1981) ...............................................................13 775 ILCS 5/1–103(B) ....................................................................14

    70 ILCS 405/3.20 ...........................................................................14

    220 ILCS 5/22-501(r)(4) ................................................................15

    810 ILCS 5/2A–402 .......................................................................16

    765 ILCS 905/4 ..............................................................................16

    765 ILCS 905/2 ..............................................................................16

    In re Gluth Bros. Constr., Inc., 451 B.R. 447 (Bankr. N.D. Ill. 2011) ......................................17

    Evanston Ins. Co. v. Riseborough, 2014 IL 114271 ........................................................................10

    People v. Chapman, 2012 IL 111896 ........................................................................10

    People v. Cardamone, 232 Ill. 2d 504 (2009) .............................................................12

    People v. Hari, 218 Ill. 2d 275 (2006) ..............................................................12

    People v. Woodrum, 223 Ill. 2d 286 (2006) .............................................................12

    SUBMITTED - 2138734 - Debra Bernard - 9/10/2018 1:38 PM

    123186

  • POINTS AND AUTHORITIES (continued)

    Page

    iv

    Hartney Fuel Oil Co. v. Hamer, 2013 IL 115130 .......................................................................14

    12 U.S.C. § 3417 .....................................................................15 n.3

    15 U.S.C. § 1640 .....................................................................15 n.3

    15 U.S.C. § 1681n(a) ..............................................................15 n.3

    15 U.S.C. § 1692k ....................