slavery beginnings

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Post on 25-May-2015




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  • 1. Slavery in the U.S.

2. The Middle Passage

  • This was the journey from West Africa across the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas.
  • Africans were crowded and chained cruelly aboard slave ships.
  • Diseases such as dysentery, malaria, and small pox killed thousands of Africans on this journey.
  • 20 percent of those who took this journey did not survive.

3. 4. 5. Why were Africans used as slaves?

  • They did not get sick from many diseases in the Americas.
  • They could work in hot weather.
  • What two crops were common in the South?

6. Arriving in America

  • If slaves survived the Middle Passage they were sold at markets in America.

7. 8. Plantations

  • Many slaves were brought to work on plantations.
  • A plantation is a farm that grows only one crop (examples are cotton and tobacco).

9. VIDEO 10. Slave Life

  • Slaves worked in the fields, in the house, or did anything else their master told them to do.They worked up to 18 hours a day.
  • They were not allowed to learn to read or write.
  • They were forbidden to own property.

11. Slave Homes

  • Slaves often lived in small log cabins with dirt floors. They were cold and dirty.

12. SLAVES ARE PROPERTY! What are these and what were they used for? 13. Punishments

  • If a slave ran away and were caught they might have to wear a neck ring.
  • If they continued to run away they might have a hand or foot removed.
  • Many slaves were whipped for disobeying their masters.

14. Review Questions-Answer in complete sentences.

  • What was the Middle Passage?
  • What two crops were common in the South?
  • What were plantations?
  • What war did the disagreement over slavery lead to?

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