soc101 deviance & social control

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  • Introduction to Sociology | Hunter College

    Jessie Daniels, PhD

    Deviance & Social Control

  • what is deviant?

  • definition: violation of established

    contextual, cultural, or social

    norms, whether folkways, mores, or

    codified law

  • Who gets labeled deviant?

  • Is getting tattoos a deviant act?

  • Labeling Theory

    Everyone labels

    Those with power are able to label

    someone and make other accept that label

    Labeling can lead to self-fulfilling prophecy

    If the label is especially damaging, it can

    become a master status

  • Labeling is a Powerful Mechanism of Social

    Control

  • (symbolic interactionism)

  • key sociological question:

  • structure vs. agency?

  • structural approaches: emphasize how

    people are influenced by structural

    forces

  • (functionalism + conflict theory)

  • How much agency do individuals

    have?

  • social action theories: emphasize how

    individuals operate in society as

    relatively free agents, creating identities

    through symbols and interactions

  • (symbolic interactionism)

  • What makes someone evil?

  • Is it their individual agency?

  • Or social structure?

  • Erving Goffman (1922-1982)

  • dramaturgy: we use impression

    management to present ourselves to

    others as we hope to be perceived.

    Each situation is a new scene, and

    individuals perform different roles

    depending on who is present.

  • The Performed Self

  • Goffman: no stable inner

    core of identity

  • what does this mean

  • about what makes someone

    evil?

  • If there is no stable inner core of

    self

  • then the self is shaped by the role,

  • then the self is shaped by

    institutions,

  • then the self is shaped by

    structure.

  • What should you do before

    next class?

  • 1. Be sure youve read the assigned

    readings: Ch.7, Zimbardo, & McKelvey

    2. Watch the video, Stanford Prison

    Experiment.

    3. Answer questions on the discussion

    board.

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