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Solving Linear Equations and Inequalities • Solving algebraically • Solving graphically • Solving equations in more than one variable • Solving linear inequalities • Solving double inequalities • Solving absolute value equations • Applications

Author: giles-marsh

Post on 22-Dec-2015

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• Slide 1
• Solving Linear Equations and Inequalities Solving algebraically Solving graphically Solving equations in more than one variable Solving linear inequalities Solving double inequalities Solving absolute value equations Applications
• Slide 2
• Solving Algebraically Example: Solve 2x = x 9 2x x = x 9 x (get x on 1 side) x = -9 (simplify) Solving Graphically Graph left hand side of equation and right hand side of the equation and see where the graphs meet. x = -9 (just need x-value of point) y = 2x and y = x -9
• Slide 3
• Solve 2x + 1 = -x 9 2x + 1 + x = -x 9 + x (x on 1 side) 3x + 1 = -9 (simplify) 3x + 1 1 = - 9 1 (get x on own) 3x = -10 (simplify) x = -10 3 Check: Replace x with answer. 2(-10/3) + 1 = -(-10/3) 9 -20/3 + 1 = 10/3 9 -17/3 = -17/3 Both sides equal so answer is correct. Graph both sides x = -3.34 (no y-value required)
• Slide 4
• Solve 2x = 2x 3 2x 2x = 2x 3 2x 0 = -3 (impossible) So no answer! Graph Lines coincide, so they intersect everywhere. (same line) Solve 2(x + 1)=2x + 2 2x + 2 = 2x + 2 (distribute) 2x + 2 2x = 2x + 2 2x 2 = 2 (always true) So every x is an answer! Lines parallel so no intersection
• Slide 5
• Example: Solve algebraically.
• Slide 6
• Solve: x = -2.5
• Slide 7
• Words of caution: Solving graphically will give you answers that are imprecise. If you want accuracy you need to solve algebraically. If I ask you to solve an equation I want a precise answer. However, you can see if you are in the ball park by graphing.
• Slide 8
• Solving equations in more than one variable Solve for C
• Slide 9
• Solving Linear Inequalities A linear inequality is similar to a linear equation except it is an inequality. Here are some examples of linear inequalities.
• Slide 10
• Solve the linear inequality and graph on a number line. -14 (- , -14) in interval notation
• Slide 11
• Solve the inequality and graph the solution on the number line. -3 ( - , -3 ] in interval notation
• Slide 12
• Solve the inequality and graph solution on number line. [ -4 2/3, ) in interval notation
• Slide 13
• Solving a Double Inequality Solve and graph on a number line. -1020 ( -10, 20 ]
• Slide 14
• Solving Absolute Value Equations Almost everyone has a hard time with these equations. The most common error is to only give one solution. When in fact there are usually two answers. Lets try solving these graphically first. We will graph the left and right hand sides of the equation and see where the graphs meet. Solve this absolute value equation. y = | 5 | y = 5 x = - 5 x = 5
• Slide 15
• Because the graph of an absolute value function is generally a V, there is a good chance that you will get two answers.
• Slide 16
• Solving Absolute Value Equations Algebraically Solve the absolute value equation.
• Slide 17
• Slide 18
• Solve the following inequality
• Slide 19
• Solving Absolute Inequalities Graphically Solve the absolute inequality graphically. The absolute value function is larger than y = 5 when x is >= 4 and x
• More on solving graphically 1.f(x) = g(x) 2. f(x) g(x) = 0 3.f(x) > 0 4. f(x) > g(x) 5. g(x) < 0 6. f(x) < g(x) ANSWERS a. x=-5 & 1 & 5 b. (- , -5] [ 1, 5 ] c. (-5,1) (5, ) d. (-6,-2) (2, ) e. [-4,1] [6, ) Solutions: 1-a2-a3-e 4-c5-d6-b