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South African Art. South Africa is home to some of the most ancient and beautiful art in the world. During the colonial period, artists travelled South Africa to record its fauna, flora, landscapes, and people; this technique was used to record for the people back in the metropolis. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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South African Art

South African Art

South Africa is home to some of the most ancient and beautiful art in the world.During the colonial period, artists travelled South Africa to record its fauna, flora, landscapes, and people; this technique was used to record for the people back in the metropolis.

Between 1948 -1994, also known as the apartheid a system of legal racial segregation imposed by the National Party government years, South African history realized the great variety in South African art.The human body is the basic subject, but the tribal sculptor is free from realism.Gregoire Boonzaier, Moses Kottler, and Maud Sumner rejoice in the new spirit of cosmopolitanism they brought to South African art.

In the 1930s, Maggie Laubscher and Irma Stern brought a different kind of subjective gaze to South African art by using the techniques and sensibilities of post-impressionism and expressionism. Their bold colors and composition and the assumption of a highly personal point of view, which was considered scandalized with old-fashioned art concepts.The first masterpieces in two incompatible styles of sculpture were produced in the fifth century BC. These styles about 2500 years later become rivals in today studios. The classical realism is one which survived from the Renaissance to the end of the nineteenth century. Another is the African sculpture, which distorts the human figure in a fiercely expressive way. Picassos cubism, which became the center of modern art, was influenced by the African figures.

Terracotta Heads: The Benin HeadsTerracotta figures are the longest surviving African sculpturesOne incredible group of terracottas is the seven heads, located in the Transvaal at Lydenburg; they date from the sixth century and were created in a chucky style.Unlike the European art, African tribal art does not change yearly; therefore, it is a cinch to identify African art because their art is similar to the art many centuries ago.

Wood ArtWood is the genuine material for carving in Africa.Earlier artworks were ruined due to two major factors:Being eaten by insectsBecome rotten from dampness Tribal craving has a clear and practical purpose, which is mainly used for the following:A spiritual or religious meaningRitual dances Social and religious eventsA special status is given to the artist that create masks and to those who wear them in ceremonies

In the apartheid years, similar to the colonial period, black artists were highly neglected. Therefore, white artists had the responsibility to construct the collection of South African art, mainly because they had the resources, the training, and an auxiliary gallery system. After World War II, European ideas were conveyed to the South African art world. In the 1940s, Jean Welz brought an elaborated, subtlety, and educated style to portraits, nudes, landscapes, and still life paintings. The modernist techniques of Maurice van Essches teacher to African subject matter gave a more powerful form with fauve or bright colors.

THE ENDCredits:Made by: Francesca LeBlondArt by:Numerous artists Music from:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AILCjJEovJQ