sponsoring a business club, part ii stop, look, and listen
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This article was downloaded by: [York University Libraries]On: 23 November 2014, At: 11:51Publisher: RoutledgeInforma Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954 Registered office: Mortimer House,37-41 Mortimer Street, London W1T 3JH, UK
The Journal of Business EducationPublication details, including instructions for authors and subscription information:http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/vjeb19
Sponsoring a Business Club, Part II Stop, Look, and ListenRichard Dale aa San Jose State College San Jose , California , USAPublished online: 30 Jul 2010.
To cite this article: Richard Dale (1959) Sponsoring a Business Club, Part II Stop, Look, and Listen, The Journal of BusinessEducation, 35:2, 81-82, DOI: 10.1080/08832323.1959.10116231
To link to this article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08832323.1959.10116231
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SPONSORING A BUSINESS CLUB, Part I1
STOP, Using the Three Ps in School Club Evaluation
LISTEN: LETS EVALUATE by Rose Mari Dunham, H. P. Durham, and Grace Hinkson
NY evaluation made of a partic- A ular club, whether student gov- ernment, special interest, or subject matter, (such as business), should be done by the members themselves un- der the direction of a responsible out- sider. This evaluation should be made in terms of the clubs Purposes as stated in the constitution; the Projects it undertakes as reflected by club accomplishments ; and the People who serve the club as sponsor, officers, and members, in terms of how they benefit from the various club activities. These Three Ps -Purposes, Projects, and Peojle- form the outline for our ideas about evaluation.
Club evaluations should be carried out at regular intervals; and the re- sults of these evaluations should be carefully studied to see how the fu- ture operations of the club can be im- proved. A good time to make such studies would be at the conclusion of each semester, or, if not that often, at least at the end of each school year. Once a year is the minimum fre- quency of evaluation which should occur ; an optimum amount of evalu- ation would probably be a formal evaluation at the end of each semester, and informal evaluative activities after each major project during the year.
The Purposes of the club, which should be clearly and carefully stated in the constitution, constitute the first P to be considered in evalua- tion. In writing the constitution for any club, there must he no doubt left as to why and for what ends this par- ticular club was organized. If it was organized to promote interest in a particular subject matter field, such as business, the evaluation instrument should check on how well this par- ticular interest is being developed. If one of the primary purposes of the club is character development through the various projects, then the evaluation should determine whether this purpose is being satisfactorily met. ,One of the purposes which any club should have is the aim to enrich school experiences by providing sup- plementary out-of-class activities re- lated to the students needs, interest, and abilities. Any evaluation should check on how well this purpose is be- ing met.
Next, evaluation should consider the second P, or the Projects un- dertaken by the club. These projects serve to identify the club to both members and non-members, and to establish a reputation for that club in
LOOK, AND LISTEN Under Direction of Richard Dale
San Jose State College San Jose, California
the school and community. Projects undertaken should not duplicate other services given by ,the school, but should rather supplement them for purposes of enrichment.
Any and all projects undertaken should be studied carefully to deter- mine whether or not they are worth- while to the participating students. If such activities merely duplicate classwork, the students will want out, for club time should serve as enrichment rather than repetition of regular learning experiences.
Fund-raising projects undertaken should be particularly carefully eval- uated, to see that some students are not being unfairly exploited to bene- fit others. Careful attention should be given to the manner in which money is handled - the records which are kept, and the manner in which the money is spent. Other items to consider in fund-raising projects are the type and use of pub- licity, the delegation of authority, the meeting of responsibility, and the like. A project can be most success- ful in the manner in which it is han- dled, and then fall short df a good purpose by unwise spending of the money thus obtained. If students feel that they are being exploited m- fairly, then the fund-raising project can !become a hindrance, rather than a help. To be worthwhile, a fund- raising project should have the dual aim of raising money and of develop- ing the students ability to meet re-
NOVEMBER, I959 81
sponsibility. Ideally, it is hoped that such projects provide a needed ser\- ice to school or community as well.
Social projects should also be eval- uated as part of the clubs activities. One of a students primary reasons for joining a club is to have an op- portunity to socialize with other stu- dents. Therefore, a club must pro- vide opportunities for the students to enjoy one anothers company. Gut this should bc kept a secondary aim
shadow the other purposes for which the club is organized.
Among the learning expericnces that may be utilized in working out club projects should be activities in- volving individuals, small groups, and the whole group in problem-solving and decision nialiing. The nianner in which the students work together to put over a project is of prime im- portance in reflecting the worthwhile- ness of that particular project.
In evaluating various group proj- ects by informal means, determina- tion should be made of who carried which burdens of responsibility, ant1 how well all the members participated as a team. Responsibility should be rotated for various projects among different club members, so that no one person is exploited but, rather, all have a chance to assume leadership at different times and thus develop individually their own particular talents.
of the club ~ t l not dlowed to oyc1.-
The third P to consider in evalu- ation is the People involved in the clubs activities.
First, what about the sponsor 7 Is he strong or weak in leadership abil- ity? Is he able to guide students so that they are running the club with an occasional assist froin him; or is he spending time that should be de- voted to school planning dictating the clubs affairs? The sponsor can make or break a club; he is the first factor to be evaluated under Pcoplc.
Under Pcople we must also con- sider the influence of the school ad- ministration and other faculty ineiii- bets on the sponsor and the various club members. The atmosphere in which the club exists is influenced by all thc people with whom it comes in
contact-not only the school faculty, but parents as well. So parents must ~ S ( J be considered, and must be al- lowed to express their opinions occa- sionally as to club operations. With the help of all the people concerned, a club can become successful in liv- ing up to its purposes, offering the type of enrichment activities that will best serve its members.
Next, what about the individual members? Does the club offer mem- bership to all who might be inter- ested, and then try to develop the in- dividual talents of these people? Or does a small clique dominate affairs and serve to stifle individual initia- tive? Unless a club can truly say, and demonstrate, that it offers some- thing for all types of people who niiglit be interested, the shy as well as the aggressive, it is failing in one of the reasons for the existence of co-curricular activities-that of indi- vidual character development-which is often more easily handled in a club situation than in regular classroom activities.
One way in which a club should strive to make certain that all th