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  • St. Matthew: Apostle, Evangelist, Martyr

  • St. Matthew: Apostle, Evangelist, MartyrBefore His Encounter with Christ1st Century JewTax CollectorDistrusted by both Jews and RomansLikely dishonest in his dealings

  • St. Matthew: Apostle, Evangelist, MartyrThe Calling of St. Matthew - Caravaggio

  • St. Matthew: Apostle, Evangelist, MartyrConversionEncounter with Christ changes direction of his lifePrelude to conversionMatthew 9:1-8Need for spiritual healingMatthew 9:9-13Tax-collectorFollow meHe rose - resurrectionA sinner; one who is sick

  • St. Matthew: Apostle, Evangelist, MartyrLife as an ApostleMatthew 10:3 Identified as Matthew the tax-collectorOnly mentioned in lists of the apostles:Calling of ApostlesMatthew 10:3Mark 3:18Luke 6:15PentecostActs 1:13Witness to Christs public ministryWitness to Christs Resurrection

  • St. Matthew: Apostle, Evangelist, MartyrAfter PentecostApostles in Jerusalem until AD 42No exact tradition regarding MatthewMost traditions mention Ethiopia; also Persia and Syria

  • St. Matthew: Apostle, Evangelist, MartyrThe Inspiration of St. Matthew - Caravaggio

  • St. Matthew: Apostle, Evangelist, MartyrWriting the GospelTraditionally considered the first GospelOriginally written in HebrewAudience: Jewish ChristiansPurpose: Demonstrate that Jesus is the promised Messiah, the fulfillment of Old Testament propheciesMost quoted by the early ChurchInspired by the Holy SpiritRepresented as winged man, for it starts with human genealogy of Jesus

  • St. Matthew: Apostle, Evangelist, MartyrThe Martyrdom of St. Matthew - Caravaggio

  • St. Matthew: Apostle, Evangelist, MartyrMartyrdomAll apostles except John suffered martyrdomNo firm traditionAccounts include burning, stoning or beheadingApostles were the witnesses of the resurrection offered their entire lives for the sake of Christ.

  • St. Matthew: Apostle, Evangelist, MartyrLegacyOnly Saint who is:ApostleEvangelistMartyrOnly Gospel to use the term ChurchHis Gospel is foundational for Catholic understanding of the ChurchMatthew 16:15-19 Simon as rock of ChurchMatthew 18:15-18Various other passages only found in MatthewWise and foolish Virgins (25:1-13)Judgment as division of Sheep and Goats (25:31-46)