starting a revolution

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Starting a Revolution. Parliamentary Acts. Sugar Act (1764) Quartering Act (1765) Stamp Act (1765) Stamp Act Congress Repealed by Parliament (1766) Declaratory Act (1766) Townshend Acts (1767). Sugar Act. Lowers tax from Molasses Act George Grenville hoped to stop smuggling - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Starting a Revolution

Starting a RevolutionParliamentary ActsSugar Act (1764)Quartering Act (1765)Stamp Act (1765)Stamp Act CongressRepealed by Parliament (1766)Declaratory Act (1766)Townshend Acts (1767)Sugar ActLowers tax from Molasses ActGeorge Grenville hoped to stop smugglingEnforced by Royal CourtsJames Otis Taxation without Representation

Stamp Act-placed a direct tax on the colonists

-required stamp on all legal documents, newspapers, license, and cards

-affected many colonists rich and poor

Stamp Act CongressFirst united movementHelps lead to repeal of Stamp ActDeclaration of Rights & GrievancesColonists owe to the crown "the same allegiance" owed by "subjects born within the realm".Colonists owe to Parliament "all due subordination".Colonists possessed all the rights of Englishmen.Trial by jury is a right.The use of Admiralty Courts was abusive.Without voting rights, Parliament could not represent the colonists.There should be no taxation without representation.Only the colonial assemblies had a right to tax the colonies.

Colonial ReactionsNo taxation without representation.Virtual Representation-felt unrepresented in ParliamentSons of Liberty organize boycottsCommittees of CorrespondenceOrganized colonial resistance against the crownMerchants create non-importation associations not buy British goods Declaratory ActAccompanies repeal of Stamp ActParliament can legislate for colonies

Townshend Acts-new tax placed on imports such as tea, glass, paper, paint

-colonists again reacted with protests

-British reacted by sending more troops

-Partially repealed on same day as

Boston Massacre

Boston Massacre-March 1770

-protests by colonists

-British troops fire on crowd

-5 colonists killedCrispus Attucks

-Most soldiers found not guiltyJohn Adams served as attorney for the soldiers

The Revolutionary CauseBoston center of colonial protest and rebellion (strained heavily by acts)British Army sent to enforce lawsBoston Massacre (1770) Townshend Acts repealed

The Tea ActTea actually at lower price than beforeThe right of taxing Americans Lord North, Prime Minister

Boston Tea Party-tax on tea still remain in effect

-monopoly on tea given to British company

-Sons of Liberty

-Dec. 1773 colonists raided Boston harbor and threw the tea overboard and burned the ships

Coercive ActsIntolerable Acts-harsh acts imposed to punish Boston-closed Boston Harbor-military governor over Boston-housed troops in peoples homes

1st Continental Congress-Committees of Correspondence had been communicating with other colonies

-militias begin to form-minutemen

-after Intolerable Acts they call for a meeting

-late 1774 1st meeting held in Philadelphia-discussed rights of colonies-agreed to meet again in 1 year

Lexington & ConcordThe war begins-April 1775-British try to seize weapons stored in Concord-Paul Revere, William Dawes, Samuel Prescott warn colonists-minutemen met British at Lexington-shots fired and colonists killed-colonist conduct guerilla battle along road to Concord