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STAY OUT-- STAY ALIVE. Mine Hazard Awareness Campaign. What you don’t know CAN hurt you!. Stay Out – Stay Alive. ACCIDENTS AROUND OLD MINES WHAT TO STAY AWAY FROM WHAT YOU CAN DO. Mines are NOT playgrounds !. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • STAY OUT-- STAY ALIVEMine Hazard Awareness CampaignWhat you dont know CAN hurt you!

  • Stay Out Stay AliveACCIDENTS AROUND OLD MINES

    WHAT TO STAY AWAY FROM

    WHAT YOU CAN DO

  • Mines are NOT playgrounds!

    Each year DOZENS of children & adults are injured or killed from accidents that occur at active and abandoned mines.

  • Many deaths occur in non-mining related accidents on mine property. In 2004 35 people died nationwide 2 in Pennsylvania.

    In 2003 28 people died nationwide 3 in Pennsylvania.

    In 2002 31 people died nationwide 4 in Pennsylvania. FATALITIES

  • So Far in 2005 THREE people have died in accidents at abandoned mine sites in Pennsylvania

    April 10 A 50-year old man from Melcroft died when his ATV overturned and crushed him while he was backing down a hill.

    May 8 A Bentleyville couple died when their ATV plunged over a 60-foot cliff at a mine waste pile.

  • Stay Away fromAbandoned Mine Property and Mine Openings!HIDDEN DANGERS

  • TYPES OF MINE OPENINGS SHAFT

    SLOPE

    DRIFT

  • DANGER! Abandoned Mine OpeningThis mine shaft may be hundreds of feet deep!

  • SHAFT MINE OPENINGGoes straight down!

    Could be VERY deep!Stay Away!

  • Fences are not the best way to keep people out

  • determined people can climb right over them!DeepAndDangerous!

  • ABANDONED FAN HOUSEBoth animals and insects, especially spiders, love living in old deserted locations like this.Loose bricks continue to deteriorate and fall out.Broken glass and other debris could cause falls.Although this doesnt look dangerous, there are many hidden dangers.

  • SLOPE MINE OPENINGStay Away!

  • Look at all the Graffiti

  • DRIFT MINE OPENINGStay Away!

  • DRIFT TUNNEL OPENING

  • Some mine openings are easily seenOthers may be hidden byplants or rocks!

  • Open Mine Shaft

  • Hidden Mine OpeningWheres the mine?

  • Stay away from mine openingsGround around mines may be weak

    Vibrations caused by walking or speaking may cause a cave-inNOBE WISE.STAY AWAY.

  • Rotten Timbers

  • Broken or Rotten Ladders

  • Abandoned Explosives EXPLOSIVES and BLASTING CAPSare often found around abandoned mine openings

  • Underground Water

  • Underground TunnelsROTTEN ROOF SUPPORT BEAMSDANGEROUS GASESPOISONOUS SNAKESFLOODED SECTIONS

  • Surface Dangers Stay Away

  • Unstable Vertical Highwall

  • Dangerous Bodies of WaterStay Away!

  • Kids, Mine, quarries, sand and gravel pits are not parks or playgrounds.

    It has happened to other kids. Don't let it happen to you! Don't ever go to a mine to play. We want you to be with us a long time!

    Diving is Dangerous!

  • A Bad Place to Swim

  • There are no lifeguardsto help if you arein trouble!

  • SLUDGE DAMWater on Top is 3 Deep

    Quicksand-Like Sludge Underwater is 8-10 Deep

  • Signs are for your safety

  • NO TRESPASSING

  • What CanYou Doto Stay Safe???

  • If Youre Not Sure,STAY AWAY STAY ALIVE

  • HOW CAN YOU HELP??(717) 783-2267Reporting the location of abandoned mines is a public service. By notifying Pennsylvanias Bureau of Abandoned Mine Reclamation at the below phone number, you will be protecting others from danger and helping Pennsylvania maintain and improve the environment.

    TODAY, IM GOING TO BE TALKING ABOUT ACCIDENTS THAT HAPPEN AROUND OLD MINES, HOW TO RECOGNIZE THESE AREAS SO YOULL KNOW WHAT YOURE SUPPOSED TO STAY AWAY FROM, AND THEN WHAT YOU CAN DO TO STAY SAFE.

    FIRST, YOU NEED TO KNOW THAT MINES ARE NOT PLAYGROUNDS. EACH YEAR DOZENS OF CHILDREN AND ADULTS ARE INJURED OR KILLED FROM ACCIDENTS THAT OCCUR AT ACTIVE AND INACTIVE UNDERGORUND EACH YEAR DOZENS ARE INJURED OR KILLED FROM ACCIDENTS AROUND UNDERGROUND MINES, SINKHOLES, PITS, AND QUARRIES. There are mines are located in every state from small sand and gravel operations to complex underground coal, salt, limestone, or metal mines, to extensive surface mines that use some of the largest industrial equipment ever built. There are about 14,000 active and over 500,000 abandoned mines in the nation.

    (Use MSHA accident information)

    Of the 17 in 1999, 10 were drowning accidents, 3 were from falls down a shaft, 1 from suffocation, 3 from ATVs driven onto mine property. 9 of these 17 were under 20 years old.So far this year, 3 fatal accidents 2 drowning (jeep crashed through ice on water-filled pit)1 fall down 200 foot shaft (18 years old)1 drowning at Funkhauser Quarry (18-year old Jeremy Schell)The surface around abandoned mine openings, caves, and open pits can collapse without warning. Overhanging ledges or rims of pits and caverns may fall with the slightest increase in pressure. LETS SEE HOW WE CAN RECOGNIZE A MINE OPENING.THERE ARE BASICALLY 3 TYPES OF MINE OPENINGS.EXPLAIN THEM BRIEFLYSHAFT - STRAIGHT DOWNSLOPE - GRADUALLY DOWNHILLDRIFT - IN MOUNTAINSIDE - VERY GRADUAL SLOPETHIS IS A TYPICAL OPENING TO AN OLD MINE. In the early stages of mining operations, test shafts are often sunk from 50 to 100 feet deep through loose material overlying bed rock. These shafts can be concealed by brush and grass. They are dangerous to anyone who might step into them. Entering abandoned mines or tunnels is more dangerous than standing in the middle of a rush-hour freeway. Old shafts can be deceptively deep. Decomposed rock, at the top of the shaft, and adjacent tunnels can cave-in suddenly. A SHAFT MINE MAY BE BOARDED UP OR LEFT OPEN. THIS ABANDONED MINE OPENING IS FENCED IN, SO THIS IS WHAT YOU WOULD SEE FROM A DISTANCE.THIS PICTURE IS THE MINE OPENING BEHIND THE FENCE. YOU WONDER HOW OUR PHOTOGRAPHER, WHO HAPPENED TO BE DIVISION CHIEF PAUL HUMMEL FROM THE ANTHRACITE AREA, TOOK THIS PICTURE. THE FENCE YOU SAW IN THE LAST PHOTO WASNT LOCKED. HE WALKED RIGHT IN. NOTE THE ROTTEN TIMBER. (next slide)It doesnt really look dangerous, but if you were hurt, you probably would not be found for a long time.A SLOPE MINE OPENING GRADUALLY DESCENDS DOWNWARD, SOMETIMES TO 600 FEET UNDERGROUND. ITS DIFFERENT FROM A SHAFT OPENING WHICH DROPS STRAIGHT DOWN. THIS IS AN ABANDONED ANTHRACITE MINE.THIS IS THAT SAME MINE OPENING. SEE HOW THE ROCK IS CRUMBLING AT THE SIDES?THIS WILL GIVE YOU AN IDEA OF HOW FAR DOWN PEOPLE HAVE GONE. IT IS VERY DANGEROUS. THIS MINE WAS SEALED BY THE PROPERTY OWNER. THIS IS A HORIZONTAL MINE OPENING. YOU WILL USUALLY SEE A DRIFT MINE OPENING IN THE SIDE OF A MOUNTAIN. IT MAY LOOK SAFER THAN THE OTHER TWO, BUT THERE are many unseen dangers that could be inside, such as:Rotten Timbers,Unsupported Roof and Walls,HolesDeadly GasesWaterSTAY OUT.A Drift Tunnel Opening is the most dangerous for many reasons:It is a natural invitation for kids everyone loves a cave.Its dark you cant see, so you light a match. There could be a deadly build up of methane gas because of inadequate ventilation and BOOM, you just caused an explosion.Also, because of bad ventilation, there could be a definite lack of oxygen causing suffocation.Dangers from loose pieces of roof and rib.The isolation of this area makes finding an injured person unlikely.SOME MINE OPENINGS ARE EASILY SEEN.Abandoned mine shafts may be fairly easy to see if they are large. They may be covered by decayed and rotted boards that will give way under the slightest weight, or they may be a combination of all these. This mine shaft is easy to see.

    THE ABANDONED MINE OPPENING IS HARD TO SPOT.There are years of plant growth covering it.Its just as dangerous as the open ones.The top of a mine shaft is especially dangerous. The rock at the surface is often decomposed and timbers may be decayed or missing. Do not walk anywhere near a shaft opening. The whole area is often ready and waiting to slide into the shaft which can be hundreds of feet deep. RECENTLY, A 14 YEAR OLD BOY IN IOWA WAS INJURED WHEN HE FELL DOWN AN OLD MINE SHAFT WHILE HE WAS TRYING TO REACH AN IRON CART WHICH WAS AT THE BOTTOM. HE FELL ABOUT 60 FEET AND BROKE BOTH OF HIS WRISTS. HE COULD HAVE BEEN MORE SERIOUSLY INJURED.

    Timbers are used to support the mines roof and walls. Wood used underground may dry-rot faster than surface timber because moisture and humid air are often found under the surface. Timbers in abandoned mines are usually decayed. This danger is not apparent because the timber looks very old.

    There is the constant danger of brushing against a timber and causing the entire area to collapse.

    Entrance to, or exit from, underground- workings is often by ladders. Ladders are usually built of lightweight material that quickly rots. The ladders in most abandoned mines are unsafe because rungs are often missing or broken. Some will fail under minimal weight. It is impossible to climb down a ladder and examine each rung before placing weight upon it. There is no safe way for a trespasser to determine the condition of a ladder.

    EXPLOSIVES AND BLASTING CAPS ARE OFTEN FOUND AROUND ABANDONED MINE OPENINGS. THEY CAN DETERIORATE WITH AGE AND BECOME VERY DANGEROUS. A SLIGHT JAR, EXCESSIVE HEAT, OR JUST HANDLING MAY SET THEM OFF AND CAUSE SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.

    (show dummy blasting caps)

    Underground lakes, reservoirs, pools, and sumps are very common in abandoned mines. Sometimes the water surface, when covered with fine dust, may look like solid ground. Many tunnels have water standing in deep pools or holes concealed in the floor. Pools of water are common at the bottom of shafts. It is impossible to estimate the depth of the water. A false step can lea