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Master project 2010 TU Berlin

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  • stealth museum

    Ian Olliv ier Thibaut Pierron

    A rchipelago A rchitectureGuest-Prof. Mark Lee

    Master Project 2010 tu Berlin

  • BERLIN AS A GREEN ARCHIPELAGO OSWALD MATHIAS UNGERS 1977

  • 5In a series of essays, O. M. Ungers, H. Kollhoff, R. Koolhaas and A. Ovaska suggest a new interpretation of Berlins urban space after its partial destruction : Berlin as a green archipelago. Berlin is then described as a collection of selected places of reason scatered on a green grid. They are fragments of architecture, History, culture, places of plurality and confrontation in vast garden of the city.

    These statements set the base for further urban renewal strategies ; and it is these statements that we chose to inject and transcribe into the process of our architectural production.

  • 6MASTERPLAN

  • 7Our new building implements itself parallel to the preexisting factory. Its massing is clear and simple.

    We chose here to transcribe Ungers vision of Berlin as a green archipelago into the scale of the architectural object. The hybrid program (housing and exhibition spaces) allowed us to literally transpose the urban grid and architectural fragments into a single building. In order to concretize this process, we decided to use the lodgings as a structural grid : the garden in which the exhibition spaces will be scattered as architectural fragments.

    The art galleries are hidden, bathed in the mass of lodgings as a Stealth Museum. Each exhibition space is given singularity through the nature of its zenithal lighting. They create a plotted route through the building by means of successive compression and dilatation. The route ends in a tunnel leading to the preexisting factory.

    The building is schizophrenic. It houses a spatial and programmatic duality.

  • 8GREEN GRIDARCHIPELAGO

  • 9HOUSING GRIDEXHIBITIONS ROOMS

  • 10

  • 11

    DIAGRAMMATIC PLANS AND SECTION - NEW BUILDING

    GROUND FLOOR

    FIRST FLOOR

    SECOND FLOOR

    THIRD FLOOR

  • 12

    ENTRANCE - NEW BUILDING

  • 13

    FIRST EXHIBITION ROOM - NEW BUILDING

  • 14

    SECOND EXHIBITION ROOM - NEW BUILDING

  • 15

    DETAILED SECTION -- NEW BUILDING

  • 16

    PLANS AND SECTION - NEW BUILDING

    GROUND FLOOR

    SECOND FLOOR

    THIRD FLOOR

  • 17

    From the outside the visitor can not be aware of this dichotomy. The building presents itself as a banal housing block. Once having crossed the threshold of the stealth museum, one is confronted with this reality : the two systems are independent, autonomous.

    They do not interact visually but exert pressure on one another. It is an invisible confrontation between the banal and the exceptional.

    WEST ELEVATION - NEW BUILDING

  • 18

    CROSS SECTION ALONG BOTH BUILDINGS AND UNDERGROUND PATH

    SOUTH ELEVATIONS OF BOTH BUILDINGS

  • 19

    While working on the first building, we wished only to transcribe at the scale of a single architectural object Ungers postulate about Berlin as an Archipelago. Nevertheless, now unfolding the museum route into this second part, which is the preexisting factory, we decided to adopt a different strategy.

  • 20

  • 21

    In this building, a grid has already been established by the structure, the posts and the beams. After having set the base of the work of Ungers, we now follow one of their strategies : the implementation of a new typology on an existing grid.

    As a reference to the preexisting state of Berlin after partial destruction, we keep the ground floor clear and disperse architectural fragments : an auditorium, staircases, a restaurant...

  • 22

  • 23

    On the next floors, we tend to crystallize into one building, one image or clich, the different phases of Ungers strategy for the renewal of Berlins urbanity. Our work is organized in three phases :

    We first systematically fill the grid with lodgings, as Berlins dense urban tissue was before destruction.Then, we recreate the conditions of an in-between, by suppressing some of the apartments. What results are cavities, blind walls between tightly gathered apartments.Finally, these in-betweens will be able to be requalified threw the introduction of a new typology, the exhibition rooms.

  • 24

    WEST ELEVATION AND SECTION - PREEXISTING BUILDING

  • 25

    The result of this dual use of the building is expressed on the faade. While the lodgings respect the buildings structural grid and faade composition, the empty spaces or gaps of the art galleries tend to react as foreign bodies. The faade sheltering these spaces is frozen, windows are blocked, the moldings become nothing more than an elegant industrial wallpaper. New wider openings pop out freely in order to accommodate this new typology.

  • 26

    PLANS - PREEXISTING BUILDINGGROUND FLOOR

    FIRST FLOOR

    SECOND FLOOR

  • 27

    Going from one gap to an other through catwalks, the visitor crosses the factory and loops all the way back to the entrance of the first building.

  • 29

    FINAL PRESENTATION - JULY 2010 - BERLIN

  • thibaut.pierron@gmail.com