Stressing Syllables Listen and repeat Listen and repeat Look at the DESert. Look at the desSERT. Look at the DESert. Look at the desSERT. He gave me a.

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Stressing Syllables Listen and repeat Listen and repeat Look at the DESert. Look at the desSERT. Look at the DESert. Look at the desSERT. He gave me a MESsage. He gave me a MESsage. He gave me a masSAGE. He gave me a masSAGE. Continue p. 36 Continue p. 36 Slide 2 Two Syllable Words PENcil DOZen SOFa PENcil DOZen SOFa prePARE apPOINT reCEIVE prePARE apPOINT reCEIVE prePARE the DINner prePARE the DINner apPOINT the OFficers apPOINT the OFficers reCEIVE a CALL reCEIVE a CALL Most two syllable words have stress on the first syllable. Ex. p.37 Most two syllable words have stress on the first syllable. Ex. p.37 Slide 3 Unstressed Syllables and the Schwa To say a schwa, start by relaxing your mouth. Let your tongue rest gently behind your lower teeth. Open your lips and say uh. To say a schwa, start by relaxing your mouth. Let your tongue rest gently behind your lower teeth. Open your lips and say uh. PROblm PROblm Momnt Momnt SEATd SEATd ROss ROss HUmn HUmn Slide 4 Partner Practice Look-alikes p. 38 Look-alikes p. 38 PERmit (Noun) You need a PERmit to park here. PERmit (Noun) You need a PERmit to park here. perMIT (Verb) Please perMIT me to park here. perMIT (Verb) Please perMIT me to park here. Slide 5 Suffixes -er -or The suffixes er and or are not stressed in English. The suffixes er and or are not stressed in English. Ex. BETter BIGger MAJor FAVor Ex. BETter BIGger MAJor FAVor Exercise b. 1, 2 and 3 p. 39 Exercise b. 1, 2 and 3 p. 39 Slide 6 Guidelines p. 40 a FUNny STORy a FUNny STORy A PRETty PICture A PRETty PICture Stress the first syllable in most two- syllable __________ and __________. Stress the first syllable in most two- syllable __________ and __________. More than 90% of two-syllable nouns have stress on the first syllable. More than 90% of two-syllable nouns have stress on the first syllable. Slide 7 Another Less Common Pattern anNOUNCE anNOUNCE rePEAT rePEAT apPLY apPLY deNY deNY Stress the second syllable in many two- syllable___________. Stress the second syllable in many two- syllable___________. More than 60% of two-syllable verbs have stress on the second syllable. More than 60% of two-syllable verbs have stress on the second syllable. Slide 8 Two-Syllable Adverbs beHIND beHIND beLOW beLOW aHEAD aHEAD aBOVE aBOVE Stress the second syllable in two-syllable Stress the second syllable in two-syllable _____________. _____________. Slide 9 Partner Practice P. 40 Exercise D Practice with Look-Alikes P. 40 Exercise D Practice with Look-Alikes The convict is guilty. The jury voted to convict him. The convict is guilty. The jury voted to convict him. Slide 10 Three-Syllable Words TERrible TERrible WONderful WONderful GOVernment GOVernment Slide 11 More Three-Syllable Words exAMPle exAMPle comMITtee comMITtee fanTAStic fanTAStic underNEATH underNEATH afterNOON afterNOON underSTAND underSTAND Slide 12 Four-Syllable Words occuPAtion occuPAtion explaNAtion explaNAtion acaDEMic acaDEMic aNALysis aNALysis aSTROLogy aSTROLogy psyCHOLogy psyCHOLogy Slide 13 More Four-Syllable Words SECretary SECretary MEdiator MEdiator APpetizer APpetizer See the Common Word Stress Patterns worksheet at See the Common Word Stress Patterns worksheet at http://college.hmco.com/esl/students http://college.hmco.com/esl/students http://college.hmco.com/esl/students Slide 14 Improve your Monitoring Same or Different p. 45 Same or Different p. 45 Is the stress on the same syllable or a different syllable? Is the stress on the same syllable or a different syllable? Ex. busy bigger Ex. busy bigger Which sentence do you hear? P.45 Which sentence do you hear? P.45 Slide 15 Compound Nouns Have two parts Have two parts Noun + Noun airplane Noun + Noun airplane Adjective + Noun greenhouse Adjective + Noun greenhouse Where is the stress? Where is the stress? Ice cream cash register supermarket Ice cream cash register supermarket Fire engine Fire engine Slide 16 Spelling Some compound nouns are spelled as one word. ex. keyboard Some compound nouns are spelled as one word. ex. keyboard Some are spelled as two words. ex. gas station Some are spelled as two words. ex. gas station You cant tell by listening if the compound is spelled with one word or two. Dictionary! You cant tell by listening if the compound is spelled with one word or two. Dictionary! Slide 17 Partner Practice P. 47-48 exercise g #1,2,3 P. 47-48 exercise g #1,2,3 Slide 18 Other Compounds Verbs overSLEEP underPRICED Verbs overSLEEP underPRICED Adverbs beHIND beLOW aBOVE Adverbs beHIND beLOW aBOVE Names New JERsey New YORK Names New JERsey New YORK Reflexive pronouns itSELF mySELF Reflexive pronouns itSELF mySELF Slide 19 Partner Practice pgs. 48-49 Exercise H pgs. 48-49 Exercise H Ex. I lost my CREDIT Card Ex. I lost my CREDIT Card Self-Quiz p. 51-52 Self-Quiz p. 51-52 Slide 20 Open Scene Check and Mark your Open Scene for the two-syllable, three-syllable, and four- syllable words and stress patterns Check and Mark your Open Scene for the two-syllable, three-syllable, and four- syllable words and stress patterns Check your and Mark your Open Scene for any compounds and their stress pattern. Check your and Mark your Open Scene for any compounds and their stress pattern. Slide 21 Homework: Review and study pages 46-51 Review and study pages 46-51 Record the first two pages of your part of the Open Scene in Voicethread Record the first two pages of your part of the Open Scene in Voicethread Slide 22 More Intonation Patterns Predicting Stress Predicting Stress There is no 100% way to predict stress unless you use a dictionary. There is no 100% way to predict stress unless you use a dictionary. But, there are some general guidelines. But, there are some general guidelines. Slide 23 Special Three Syllable Words Native speakers usually drop the middle syllable in these words: Native speakers usually drop the middle syllable in these words: family famly vegetable vegtable family famly vegetable vegtable salary salry interesting intresting salary salry interesting intresting different diffrent scenery scenry different diffrent scenery scenry camera camra camera camra chocolate choclate chocolate choclate favorite favrite favorite favrite Slide 24 More Intonation Patterns Prefixes and Suffixes Suffixes Pattern 1 Suffixes Pattern 1 -sion, -tion-ic, -ical-(d) (b) ian -sion, -tion-ic, -ical-(d) (b) ian deCIsionMAGic CamBOdian deCIsionMAGic CamBOdian soLUtionAtLANticINdian soLUtionAtLANticINdian ocCAsioniDENTicalCoLOMbian ocCAsioniDENTicalCoLOMbian More p. 59 More p. 59 Slide 25 -ary SEcretary SEcretary VOLuntary VOLuntary voCABulary voCABulary conTEMPorary conTEMPorary How are the ary words different? How are the ary words different? Slide 26 Pattern 1 Guideline The suffix is not stressed in pattern 1 words. Which syllables are stressed? The suffix is not stressed in pattern 1 words. Which syllables are stressed? What is the guideline for pattern 1 words? What is the guideline for pattern 1 words? Slide 27 Pattern 2 -ee-ese-eer -ee-ese-eer employEEVietnamESEpionEER employEEVietnamESEpionEER trusTEEJapanESEcaREER trusTEEJapanESEcaREER refuGEEChinESEenginEER refuGEEChinESEenginEER -ique-ette -ique-ette uNIQUEcasSETTE uNIQUEcasSETTE anTIQUEcigarETTE anTIQUEcigarETTE Slide 28 Guideline for Pattern 2 Stress the suffix in pattern 2 words Stress the suffix in pattern 2 words Prefixes Prefixes un-in- un-in- unHEALthyinTOLerant unHEALthyinTOLerant unWISEinsufFIcient unWISEinsufFIcient unNEcessaryinDIFferent unNEcessaryinDIFferent Slide 29 More Prefixes pre-ex-mis- pre-ex-mis- preVENTexPLAINmisPLACE preVENTexPLAINmisPLACE preFERexPOSEmisTAKE preFERexPOSEmisTAKE preDICTexPERience preDICTexPERience Prefixes are not usually stressed in English. Prefixes are not usually stressed in English. Slide 30 Exceptions COFFee TELevisionaRITHmetic NAturalize PERmeate COFFee TELevisionaRITHmetic NAturalize PERmeate P. 60 Learn By Listening 2: Related Words P. 60 Learn By Listening 2: Related Words Nation Nation NounAdj./Adv.Verb NounAdj./Adv.Verb nationALityNAtional +ly Nationalize nationALityNAtional +ly Nationalize P. 60 b. Partner Practice P. 60 b. Partner Practice Slide 31 Open Scene Find all the words with any of the prefixes or suffixes we studied and mark the stress. Find all the words with any of the prefixes or suffixes we studied and mark the stress. Practice saying these words. Practice saying these words. Slide 32 Homework Review, listen, and practice pages 58-60. Review, listen, and practice pages 58-60. Review the stress placement in the open scene words. Review the stress placement in the open scene words. Practice for your oral quiz on Thursday. Correctly stress a given word using the guidelines. Practice for your oral quiz on Thursday. Correctly stress a given word using the guidelines.

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