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  • StruckByHazards

    Cal/OSHA10 HourConstructionIdentifying struckby hazards & preventative measures

    UnderstandingtheOSHAandCal/OSHAFocusFour

    workplace hazards

  • StruckByHazardsCaliforniaFocus Thismodulehas beenmodifiedtofocusonCal/OSHA

    standards,enforcementpoliciesandbestmanagementpractices.

    CaliforniaisoneofTwentyfourstateswhichhaveOSHAapprovedStatePlansandhaveadoptedtheirownstandardsandenforcementpolicies.

    Forthemostpart,CaliforniastandardsareidenticaltoFederalOSHA.However,CaliforniahasadopteddifferentstandardsapplicabletothistopicormayhavedifferentenforcementpoliciesthanFederalOSHA.

  • StruckByHazards

    CaliforniaFocus In thismoduleyouwillfindreferencestobothFederal

    OSHAandCal/OSHA. Our primaryobjectiveistoprovidethestudentwith

    understandingstruckby hazards; asecondaryobjectiveistofamiliarize thestudentwiththeregulatoryrequirementsandenforcement policiesofCal/OSHA.

    Youwill find linkstobothFederalandCal/OSHAwebsitesaswellasothers(e.g. NIOSH) togive youabetterunderstandingofstruckbyhazardsandalsoCal/OSHAdifferences.

  • StruckByHazards

    Struckby hazards ThisCal/OSHAconstruction FocusFourdesignedfor

    Constructionmanagers Superintendents Foremen Crewleaders Employers Anyonewithsafety responsibilities Constructionworkforce

    Engageinallinteractiveexercisestoadvance 1hourinduration

  • StruckByHazards

    Additionalonline resources OSHAeTools OSHA andCal/OSHApublications OSHAandCal/OSHA regulations OSHAQuickCards OSHASafety&Health topic page NIOSHSafety&Health topic page NIOSHFatalityAssessmentandControlEvaluation

    (FACE) program Electronic library of construction OccupationalSafety&

    Health Administrationmaterials

    LINK:linktoConstructionFocusFour: StruckByHazards

  • IntroductionOverview Thepurposeofthislessonistoprovideworkerswith practical

    information that willenable themtorecognizecommonstruckbyhazardsatconstruction worksites. The lesson willcovereach ofthefollowingfour areas

    1.Whatisastruckbyhazard?2.Whatarethecommontypesofstruckby hazards inconstruction?3.HowcanIprotectmyselffromstruckby hazards?4.Whatismyemployerrequiredtodotoprotectworkers fromstruckbyhazards?

  • Introduction

    IntroductionUseall studenthandoutsbyclickingonlinksprovided.

    MaterialincludesFatalFactsAccidentSummaryworksheetsandlinkstootherresources.

    Printhandoutsforreviewandreference. Yourparticipationisrequired.

  • Introduction

    LearningObjectives Aftercompletingthistrainingmoduleyoushouldbeableto Identify common struckbyhazards Describe typesof struckbyhazards Protectyourselfandemployeesfromstruckbyhazards

    Recognize employerrequirementstoprotectemployees from struckbyhazards

  • Definitions

    Whatisahazard? Ahazardisa situationorcondition that hasthe

    potentialtocauseharmto Life Health Property Environment

    Engineeredcontrolsprotectusfromknownhazards. Dormanthazardscanbecomeactivehazardswhen

    conditionschange. Theoreticalhazardsarethehardesttorecognize.

  • Definitions

    Whatisa struckbyhazard? Struckbyhazardscauseinjuriesbyforciblecontactorimpactbetweenapersonandanobjectorpieceofequipment.

    Struckbyhazardscanresemblecaughtinorbetweenhazards.

  • Definitions

    Struckby,orcaughtinorbetweenincident? Astruckbyincidentiswhentheimpactalonecreatesaninjury.

    Acaughtinorbetweenincidentiswhenaninjuryisaresultofthecrushingforcebetweentwoobjects.

  • Definitions

    Whatisa struckbyhazard? Example

    Aworkerwasstruckbythecounterweightandrevolvingsuperstructureofanexcavatorwhenhewalkedbetweentheexcavatorandahillside.

  • Definitions

    Whatisa struckby hazard? Linkstomoreexamples

    MoreexamplesandaccidentsummariescanbefoundonOSHAswebsite. LINK:http://www.osha.gov/pls/iimis/accidentsearch.html

    Within thekeywordfield,enterakeywordto search. Forexample,toobtainaccidentinvestigationsinvolving

    struckbyhazards, enterthekeywordstruck. To viewalistofkeywords,usethe keywordlist atthe

    bottomofthe AccidentInvestigation Search page. Youalsocancheck OSHAs Weekly Fatality Reports at: LINK

    http://www.osha.gov/dep/gatcat/dep_fatcat.html

  • Definitions

    This workerisstandinginaverydangerouspositionandisatriskofbothastruckbyandcaughtbetweeninjury.Thecementmixerisbackingupnearanexcavationthatcouldgiveway,causingthetrucktofallintothetrench,alongwiththeworker.

    Thisworkerhasplacedhimselfathighriskofaseriousstruckbyinjurybecausethecraneboomeasilycanobstructtheoperatorsvisionoftheapproachingworker.

  • DefinitionsDefinitionoftheoretical(orwhatif?)hazards Atheoreticalhazardisonethatisnotobviousandmaytakeanevent

    orseriesofeventstooccur. Example

    Aworkeriswalkingandlookingdownathisphoneanddoesntseeorheartheconcretetruckbackingandisalmoststruckbytheconcretetruck.

    Abackingtruckwithaspotterandabackupalarmisacontrolledhazardthatshouldnotcauseanyharm.However,whenyouaddthewhat iffactors Nospotterforthetruck Brokenbackupalarm Noisyworksite Workernotpayingattention

    Thiswouldbeatheoreticalhazardandonethatyoumustconstantlypayattentionnottofallpreyto.

  • StruckByHazards

    Primarytypesofstruckbyhazards StruckbyhazardsarecategorizedasfollowsStruckby flyingobjectStruckby fallingobjectStruckby swingingobjectStruckby rollingobject

    Wewilldiscussexamplesandpreventativemeasuresforeach.

  • StruckByHazards

    StruckbyhazardsaccountforMorethan300deathsinconstruction(2007)26%ofallconstructionfatalities10%ofallworkplacedeathsThousandsofrecordableanddisablinginjuries

    Allarepreventable.Dontletyourselfbecomeoneofthesestatistics.

  • StruckbyHazardsStruckByFatalitiesByCategory,2008108 workplace fatalitiesduetostruckbyincidents

    1. Struckbyobjectorequipment................................ 862. Struckbyswingingorslipping object... 143. Struckbyflying object.. 44. Uncategorized 4

    Source: CensusofFatalOccupationalInjuries BureauofLaborStatistics

  • StruckbyHazardsConstructionstruckbystatistics 90constructionworkersdiedbecauseofstruckbyhazardsin

    2006. Constructionlaborers

    46deathsin2006 Mostatriskandaccountformorethanhalfofallstruckby

    fatalities Leadingcauseisstruckbypartsandmaterials Contributingfactorisinadequateorlackofsafetytraining

    Equipmentoperators 16deathsin2006 Leadingcausewasstruckbymachinery

  • StruckbyHazards

    Whatisastruckbyhazard?Reviewexercise

    Whatarethefourcategoriesofstruckbyhazardsdiscussedearlier?

    AnswersStruckbyflyingobjectStruckbyfallingobjectStruckbyswingingobjectStruckbyrollingobject

  • StruckByHazard#1

    Struckby object or equipment CensusofFatalOccupationalInjuries(CFOI)

    Compilesdataonallfatalworkrelatedinjuries Struckby object or equipmentcontinuestobealeadingcauseofdeath

    StruckbyincidentstypicallyresultinseriousHeadinjury Torsoinjury Internalinjuries Death

  • StruckByHazard#1Recognize any hazards?

    3

    12

  • StruckByHazard#1

  • StruckByHazard#1

    24

    Source:ConstructionSafetyCouncil

    Recognize anyhazards?

    1

    2

    3

  • StruckByHazard#1

    Aworkercouldbestruckbythewreckingball,hit,orrunoverbytheexcavator

    Thewreckingballislooselyattachedtoarm;couldcomelooseandstrike

    operatorscab

    Source:ConstructionSafetyCouncil

  • StruckByHazard#1

    Struckby objectorequipment Constructionhasthehighestrateofstruckbyincidentsofanyindustry. Struckbyequipment

    Highestfatality rateMostsevereand disabling injuries

    StruckbyobjectsMostoverall injuriesThousandsofeye injuries everyyear

  • StruckByHazard#1

    StruckbyequipmentVehiclesafetypracticesmustbeobservedatconstructionsites.Segregateconstructionequipmentoperationsfromnormalmotorvehicletraffic.

    Usetrafficflaggerswhereconstructiontrafficand/orvehicletrafficmustintersect.

    Useparabolicmirrorsforblindcornersorsevereelevationchanges.

    SafetyTip:Foradditionalinformationcheckouttheregulationsat: 29CFR1926SubpartG,Signs,signals,andbarricades 1926.201,Signaling 29CFR1926SubpartO,Motorvehicles,mechanizedequipment,andmarineoperations 1926.601,Motorvehicles

  • StruckByHazard#1

    Struckby equipment Safeworkpractices

    Do notdriveavehicleinreverse with anobstructedrear view unlessithasanaudiblereversealarm,abackupcameraoraspottertoensureitissafe.

    Set parkingbrakeswhenvehiclesandequipmentareparked,andchockthewheelsiftheyareonan incline.

    All vehiclesmusthaveadequate emergencybrakingsystemsand haveallother safety devicesinworkingorder.

  • StruckByHazard#1

    Struckbyequipment Safe workpractices

    Use trafficsigns,barricadesorflaggerswhenconstructiontakesplacenearpublic roadways.

    Protectthepublicfromstruckbyhazards. Controlsiteaccess. Visitorsshouldhavesafetyorientationandbeescorted.

    All workersandvisitors shouldwear highlyvisibleclothingor vests.

    ReflectiveType3clothingmustbewornafter duskand atnight.

  • StruckByHazard#1

    Struckbyequipment Workingsafely around equipment

    Biggestmistakeisthinkingyouareseenbecauseofyourvest.

    Makeeyecontactandcommunicatewitheachoperator. Beawareofyoursurroundingsatalltimes.

    Wearhighvisibilityreflective clothing. Do notputyourselfatriskofbeingstruckbya vehicle,

    anddonotgetcaughtinasituation inwhichthere is noescape route.

    Do notdirecttrafficunlessyouaretheflagger.SafetyTip:Flaggersandotherworkersonfootareatgreaterriskofexposuretobeingstruck;therefore,theymustbevisiblebybothmotoristsandequipmentoperators.

  • StruckByHazard#1

    StruckbyequipmentWhenworkingonornearanyconstructionzoneCheck thatnecessarywarningsignsare posted.Never crossthepathofabacking vehicle.Followtheexit andentry worksitetrafficplan.

    SafetyTip:Iftheequipmentdoesnthaveareversesignalalarmloudenoughtobeheardabovethesurroundingnoiselevel,theemployerwilldesignateaworkertosignalwhenitssafetobackupwhentheoperatorhasanobstructedrearview.

  • StruckByHazard#1

    Example Fourworkerswereinstallingsigns on ahighway whena pickup truckchangedseverallanesandenteredtheworkarea.Thetruckstruckone ofthe workers,knockinghimofftheroadandoverabridgerail.Hefell about18 feet anddied. Conesareawarningsystem,notprotectivebarriers.Alwaysleaveyourselfanout.

  • StruckByHazard#1

    Struckby equipment Maincausesof death

    Workersonfoothitbymovingequipment Especiallywhenequipmentisbackinguporchangingdirections

    Equipmentrollovers Operatingonslopesorloading/unloadingequipment

    Equipmentnot secured Brakesnotset,leftingear,wheelsnotchocked

    Tooclosetooperating equipment Tooclosetobackhoebuckets,craneboomsandcounterweights

  • StruckByHazard#1

    PreventativemeasuresMovingequipmentstruckbyhazards

    Stay awayfrommoving equipmentwhenitsoperating .

    Remain alerttothelocationofall operatingequipmentwhetherinuseor not.

    Stay clearoflifted loads, andneverworkunderasuspended load.

    Beware ofunbalanced loads.

  • StruckByHazard#1

    Preventativemeasures Avoidingmoving equipment hazards

    Maintaineye contactwithequipmentoperators.Stayoutofoperatorblindspots.Communicate(hand/eye/radio)toensureyouareseen.

    Wearhighly reflective clothingandpersonalprotectiveequipment.

    Maintainasafe distancefromhazards.Maintain360degreeawareness at alltimes. Usespottersortraffic controltolimitexposures.

  • StruckByHazard#1(Cont.)

    Knowyourequipmentslimitations

  • StruckByHazard#1(Cont.)

    Preventativemeasures Avoidmoving equipment hazards

    Lower orblockbulldozerandscraperblades,endloaderbuckets,and dump bodies whennotin use.

    Leave allcontrols inthe neutralposition. Do notexceeda vehicles ratedloadorlift capacity. Do notcarrypersonnelunlessthereisasafeplaceto ride. Driveequipment (orvehicles) ongradesorroadwaysthat

    aresafelyconstructedand maintained. Makesurethatallworkersandotherpersonnelareinthe

    clearbeforeusingdumpingorlifting devices.

  • StruckByHazard#1(Cont.)

    Preventativemeasures Equipmentrolloverhazards

    Knowyourequipment anditslimitations,andreadtheoperatorsmanual.

    Neverremovearollover protectivestructure(ROPS). Ensureequipmentisingood conditionbeforeeachuse.

    Befamiliarwiththeterrain; prewalktheworkingarea. Always wearseatbelts. Shut offequipment before leaving the seat.

  • StruckByHazard#1(Cont.)ThisoperatorsurvivedbecausetheRollOverProtectiveStructurepreventedthisrollerfromcrushinghimtodeath.Nevertrytojumpfromtheseatduringarolloverbecausethesafestplacetobeisintheseatwiththeseatbelton.

    Source:U.S.DepartmentofEnergy

  • StruckByHazard#1(Cont.)

    Employerresponsibilities Determine whetherthegroundissufficientlylevel

    andfirmtosupporttheanticipatedweightofhoistingequipmentandassociated loads

    Assess hazardswithinthework zone,suchas powerlines,objects, or personnel,within theswingradiusofthehoisting equipment

    Erect barriers aroundtherotating superstructuretowarnworkersofthe dangerzone

    Link:http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/cranehoistsafety/index.html

  • StruckByHazard#1(Cont.)

    Employerrequirements Ensure thattheequipmentisinsafeoperatingconditionviarequired inspections

    Comply withallmanufacturer procedures Ensure safeattachmentofrigging devices,such as shackles,hooks,eyebolts,spreaderbeamsandslings,wedge sockets, andwirerope clips

    LinktoOSHAsQualifiedRiggerfactsheet:http://www.osha.gov/Publications/cranesqualifiedriggerfactsheet.pdf

    LinktoOSHAsCraneandDerricksSignal Person Qualification:http://www.osha.gov/Publications/cranessignalpersonfactsheet.pdf

  • StruckByHazard#1(Cont.)Employerrequirements Additionallyinreferencetoheavyequipment,

    employers must Provide seatbeltswhen required. Ensure roadwaysandgradesaremaintainedtoaccommodatethesafemovementofequipmentandvehicles.

    Ensure allearthmoving/compactingequipmentwith anobstructed viewdoesnotoperateinreversegearunlesstheequipmenthasareverse signalalarm oraworkerhasbeendesignatedtosignalwhenitissafe.

    SafetyTip:If aworkermustentera markedarea,thecraneoperatormust benotifiedoftheentryandmust notrotate thesuperstructureuntilthearea isclear.

  • StruckByHazard#1(Cont.)

    Preventativemeasures Securingequipment

    Followmanufacturers requirementsforsecuring equipmentwithwheels,rollers,ortracks setbrakes,chock wheels,turnwheels.

    Transportedcargomustbesecuredtopreventshifting,slipping,rolling,orfalling usetiedowns,straps,chains,webbing,orwirerope

  • StruckByHazard#1(Cont.)

    Source:NationalPhotoArchiveID#1470

    Recognize anyhazards?

    2

    1

  • StruckByHazard#1(Cont.)

    Source:NationalPhotoArchiveID#1470

    Unsecuredgascylindersarebeingtransported,exposingworkerstostruckbyhazardfromflyingprojectiles

  • StruckByHazard#1(Cont.)

    Preventativemeasures Dontstandtooclosetooperatingequipment

    Neverstandnexttoorwithintheswingradiusofoperatingequipment.

    Observersshouldstandaminimumofsixfeetawayfromoperatingequipment'sswingradius.

    Placesafetydelineatorsaroundtheswingradius. Neverparkorplaceotherequipmentwithin20feetofoperatingequipmentsuchasbackhoesorexcavators.

    Donotletyoursafetydependonavoidingoperatorerrororequipmentmalfunctions.

  • StruckByHazard#2

    Struckby objects Maincauses

    Fallingobjects Projectilesfromcutting,grinding,chopping,striking Fasteners(nails,brads,staples)ejected under power Riggingfailures Workingonpressurized systems Looseorshifting materials

    Neverallowyourselftobeunderasuspendedload

  • StruckByHazard#2

    Struckbyfalling objects Example:

    Aconstructionworkerwashoistingbricksinabuckettothetopofabuilding.Thebuckettilted,andthebricksspilledoutofthebucket, strikingthe workerinthehead.Theworkersufferedbluntforcetraumatohishead,andhediedatthehospitaleightdayslater.

    Usesecuredandapprovedmethodsforhaulingtoolsandmaterials

  • StruckByHazard#2

    Source:OTICourse#2080

    Recognize anyhazards?

    2

    1

    3

  • StruckByHazard#2

    50

    Source:OTICourse#2080

    Stayclearofloadsthataresuspendedorabouttobesuspendedwhichcreatestruckbyhazardsfromfallingorswingingobjects.Ifcontroloftheloadbyaworkerisnecessarythenataglineshouldbe used.

    Thisworkerisexposedinthesamewaytoapossiblestruckbyhazardshouldtheloadsuddenlyswingtowardhim.

  • StruckByHazard#2

    Fallingobject hazards Struckby fallingobjects

    ManyoftheseinjuriesaresevereandincludeFalling fromanelevationtoalower levelBeing crushed,pinned,orcaughtunderafalling objectCrushedby collapsingmaterialor structures

    Neverallowyourselforanyoneelsetoplacethemselvesinharmsway,liketheworkerinthephoto.

  • StruckByHazard#2

    Falling object hazard Example:Aworker was cutting an 8,000pound boilerinsectionswithacutting torch.The sectionbeing cut fell off,causing theremaining 5,000poundsection toflipoverand landontheworker.

    Lesson:Alwaysensurethatthematerialyouareworkingonisadequatelysupportedandthatyouareprotectedfromstruckbyhazards.

  • StruckByHazard#2Falling objecthazard Example:A workerwasassistingariggerwhohadattacheda

    loadto acrane. The craneoperatorwaspositionedinthecabwaiting forthehandsignaltomakethelift. During thisprocess,thejibofthecranefellfromitsstowedpositionontheboomandstrucktheworker. The workerdied at thescene. It wasdiscoveredthatthepinusedtosecurethejibtotheboom

    was missing,thusallowingthejibtobedisplaced. The cranewasnotinspectedpriortouse.

    Lesson:Unexpectedmechanicalfailuresorhumanerrorcanoccuratanytime.Neverassumethatyouaresafestandingunderanysuspendedloadorcraneboom.Keepasafedistance,andbethewitnessofanearmiss,notthevictim.

  • StruckByHazard#2Fallingobject hazards Virtualclassroom exercise

    Ballandsocketconnectorsareusedtoattachconductorstringingblockstoinsulatorsonthearmsof90footmetaltowers.

    Normally,stainlesssteelcotterkeyssecuretheballandsocketconnectorinplace.However,blackelectricaltapewaswrappedaroundthesockettokeeptheballinplaceratherthanacotterkey.

    Thetapefailed,andtheballcameloose,droppingthestringingblock90feetontotheheadofanemployeebelow,killinghim.

    Ensuring equipment repairsmeet the manufacturersspecificationscansaveyour life.

  • StruckByHazard#2

    Fallingobject hazards OSHAaccident prevention recommendations

    RiggingandequipmentmustbeinspectedregularlyandmaintainedinsafeoperatingconditionasrequiredbygeneralprovisionsofOSHA's constructionsafetystandards.

    Employees mustbeinstructedtorecognizeandavoidunsafeconditionsandbemadeawareofregulationsthat applytotheworkandtheworkareatoeliminatesafetyandhealthhazardsasrequiredinthesafetytrainingandeducationsectionofOSHA'sconstructionsafety standards.

    TIP:Cal/OSHAsrequirementfortrainingandinstructionandinjuryandillnesspreventioncanbefoundinTitle8 CaliforniaCodeofRegulationsSection1509.

  • StruckByHazard#2

    Source:OTICourse#2000

    Recognize anyhazards?

    1

    2

    3

  • StruckByHazard#2

    Source:OTICourse#2000

    Avoidworkingbelowsuspendedoverheadmaterials.Workerisexposedtofallingandswingingstruckby hazards.Itappearsthattheworkerguidingthesuspendedloadisnotwearinghandprotection.

    Thetwoemployeesontherightarenotwatchingwhatcouldbeahazardapproaching.Thereareatleasttwoemployeeswithouthighvisibilityapparel,whichmaymakeitdifficultforthecraneoperatorandotherequipmentoperatorstoseethem.

    Noticethedebrisontheground,suchasthe2by4pieceoflumberthatpresentsatrippinghazard.

  • StruckByHazard#2Hard hats Requiredandprotectfrom

    Overheadhazards Falling objects Flying objects Manyotherconstructionhazards

    Ratedforintendeduse Designedtoabsorbshockandresistpenetrationof

    falling/flyingobjects Datecoded

    Shellmustbereplacedeveryfiveyears Liningreplacedeveryyear

    SafetyTip: Allpersonalprotectiveequipment(PPE)shouldbeofsafedesignandconstruction,andshouldbemaintainedinacleanandreliablefashion.EmployersshouldtakethefitandcomfortofPPEintoconsiderationwhenselectingappropriate itemsfortheirworkplace.PPEthatfitswellandiscomfortable willencourageemployeeuse.

  • StruckByHazard#3

    Struck by swingingorslipping objects Maincauses

    Cranes,boom trucks,hoistsOperatorerror Improperrigging,defectiveslings,no tag lineExcessiveloads,wind,speed Inexperience

    Trucks,forklifts,allterrain forkliftsImproperrigging,excessive loadandspeedWorkertoo closetoloadonrough terrain

  • StruckByHazard#3

    This isadefinite hazard

  • StruckByHazard#3Howaboutthe safety catch?

    Didyouhappentonoticethecustommadesafetycatchthatsomeonefabricatedfromapieceofrebar?Thismodification isillegalbutappearedtobeaneffectivesafetycatchfromadistance.Closeexaminationshowsthatitinnowaywouldpreventtheslingloopsfromslidingoffofthehook.Nevermodifyanysafetysystemordeviceunlessyouarequalifiedandauthorizedbythemanufacturer.

  • StruckByHazard#3

    Struckbyswinging orslippingobjectsMechanicallyliftedmaterials

    Have thepotentialtoswingandstrike workersCan swing, twist, or turn astheloadisliftedThis movementcancatchworkersby surprise,andtheycouldbehitbytheswingingload.

    Windy conditionsareespeciallyhazardousbecausetheloadwillswingmore.

  • StruckByHazard#3Struck by swinging or slipping objects Example:Two workers werelandingandplacingreinforcing

    steelusingacrane. A truckcranewas used atstreetlevel,30 feethigherinelevation

    thanthegroundslaband about 162 feetfromthelandingarea. The landingareawas about40feet beyondtheradiuslimitforthe

    crane. Theloadof#9 rebar waspicked upandloadedontothecrane's

    hoistline at streetelevation,50 feetinfrontofthecrane. The operatormadethepickupandwasswingingaroundand

    lowering when therightpennantlinebrokeattheyoke/bridle. The boomcollapsed,striking aworker onthe head, killinghim.

    Lesson:Ensureyourequipmentisingoodconditionbeforeeachuse

  • StruckByHazard#4

    Struckbyflying objectsMostcommonhazards

    Projectilesfrom cutting, grinding, chopping,striking

    Fasteners (nails, brads, staples)ejectedunderpower,suchasElectricalPowderactuatedPneumatic

  • StruckByHazard#4

    Flyingobject hazardsfromresidual energy Aworker wasremovingafrozenboltfromthetrackofacaterpillar frontend loaderandwasstruckby aboltthatenteredhis forehead.

    Aworker wasfreeingapumpcomponentunderpressureandwasimpaledbythepumpcomponent.

    Alwaysensurea zeroenergystateexistsbeforestarting work, ordevelopaworkplantocompletethework safely.

  • StruckByHazard#4

    Personalprotectiveequipment(PPE) Eyeandface protection

    Safety glassesorgogglesshouldbewornanytimeworkoperationspresentaneye hazard during welding,cutting,grinding, nailing,orwhenworkingwithconcreteand/orharmfulchemicalsorwhenexposedtoflying particles

    SafetyTip:Faceshieldsareintendedtoprotecttheentirefaceorportionsofitfromimpacthazards,suchasflyingfragments,objects,largechips,andparticles.Whenwornalone,faceshieldsdonotprotectemployeesfromimpacthazards.Workersshouldusefaceshieldsincombinationwithsafetyspectaclesorgoggles,evenintheabsenceofdustorpotentialsplashes,foradditionalprotectionbeyondthatofferedbyspectaclesorgogglesalone.

  • Source:SusanHarwoodGrantNumberSH177920860F48byCompacionFoundation

    Powderactuatedtoolscancreateflyingobjectstruckbyhazards.Neverdriveintoeasilypenetratedmaterialswhenworkersareontheotherside

    StruckByHazard#4

  • EmployerResponsibilities

    Training Employersmust

    Train workersintheworkzonetorecognizehazardsassociatedwiththeuseoftheequipmentandanyrelateddutiesthatthey areassigned

    Ensure craneoperatorsarequalifiedorcertifiedaccordingtoOSHA standards

    Ensure signalpersonmeetsqualificationrequirementaccordingtoOSHAstandards.

    Link: toviewOSHA CranesandDerricks inConstructionFinalRule,ComplianceAssistanceFactSheetsathttp://www.osha.gov/cranesderricks/index.htmlTip: Forfurtherinformationregardingoperator,signaler,andriggerqualificationandcertificationrequirements,seeOSHA29CFR1926SubpartCCSection1926.1428Signalpersonqualifications,1926.1430Trainingrequirements,1926.21(b)(2)

  • EmployerResponsibilities

    Training Additionally,employers must

    Instruct workersintherecognitionandavoidanceofunsafeconditionsandtheregulationsapplicableto the workenvironmentto controloreliminateanyhazardsorotherexposuretoillnessor injury

    Ensure thatqualifiedoperatorsandriggershavebeentrainedonrigging safety

    Tip: The basic rules ofriggingthatallqualifiedoperatorsand riggersmust know are:Knowtheweight oftheloadtherigging isexpectedto support Knowthecapacityof thestrength oftherigging(type andmethod ofuse)Retaintheload know whichhitches workbestfor certaintypes ofloadsControltheload know whichhitches providegood loadcontrolandwherethecenter ofgravity oftheload is.(Source:ConstructionSafetyCouncil)

  • SummingUpStruckbyHazards

    Summary Overview ofcommonstruckby hazardsWays toprotectyourselfandothersonajobsitefromstruckby hazards

    What employersmustdotoprotectworkersfromstruckbyhazards.

    Should youhaveanyquestions,contactyoursupervisor,safety coordinator, oremployer.

  • SummingUpStruckbyHazardsReferences/Sources Bureau ofLaborStatistics(BLS) Centers forDiseaseControlandPrevention(CDC)/NationalInstitute

    forOccupationalSafetyandHealth(NIOSH) Construction HazardAwareness,bytheUniversityofAlabama

    ContinuingStudiesEnvironmentalandIndustrialPrograms Construction SafetyCouncil Electronic LibraryofConstructionOccupationalSafetyandHealth

    (eLCOSH), Center forConstructionResearchand Training Occupational SafetyandHealthAdministration(OSHA) Susan HarwoodGrantfromOSHA materials The ConstructionChartBook