Stubbs Abud Dairy Goat Manual 2002

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<p>Dairy Goat Manual</p> <p>A report for the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation by Arthur Stubbs and Gaille Abud</p> <p>April 2002 RIRDC Publication No 02/025 RIRDC Project No PTP-11A</p> <p>ii</p> <p> 2002 Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation. All rights reserved.</p> <p>ISBN 0 642 58424 9 ISSN 1440-6845 Dairy Goat Manual Publication No. 02/025 Project No. PTP-11A</p> <p>The views expressed and the conclusions reached in this publication are those of the author and not necessarily those of persons consulted. RIRDC shall not be responsible in any way whatsoever to any person who relies in whole or in part on the contents of this report. This publication is copyright. However, RIRDC encourages wide dissemination of its research, providing the Corporation is clearly acknowledged. For any other enquiries concerning reproduction, contact the Publications Manager on phone 02 6272 3186. In submitting this report, the researcher has agreed to RIRDC publishing this material in its edited form.</p> <p>Researcher Contacts: Mr A. Stubbs Primary Tasks Pty Ltd 247 Drummond Street, CARLTON VIC 3053 Phone: 03 9844 1135 Fax: 03 9844 4554 Email: akstubbs@compuserve.com</p> <p>RIRDC Contact Details Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation Level 1, AMA House 42 Macquarie Street BARTON ACT 2600 PO Box 4776 KINGSTON ACT 2604 Phone: 02 6272 4539 Fax: 02 6272 5877 Email: rirdc@rirdc.gov.au. Website: http://www.rirdc.gov.au</p> <p>iii</p> <p>ForewordThis Manual of Dairy Goat Notes was compiled as part of the RIRDC Project PTP-11A, Improving Productivity and Specialty Cheese Production in the Australian Dairy Goat Industry Phase 2. The Notes were compiled by the project researchers, Gaille Abud and Arthur Stubbs. Information contained in this Manual is provided as general advice only. For application to specific situations, professional advice should be sought. RIRDC and its research agents have taken all reasonable steps to ensure that the information in these publications is accurate at the time of publication. Readers should ensure that they make appropriate enquiries to determine whether new information is available on the particular subject matter. This manual, an addition to RIRDCs diverse range of over 800 research publications, forms part of our New Animal Products R&amp;D program, which aims to accelerate the development of viable new animal industries. Most of our publications are available for viewing, downloading or purchasing online through our website: downloads at www.rirdc.gov.au/reports/Index.htm purchases at www.rirdc.gov.au/eshop</p> <p>Peter Core Managing Director</p> <p>iv</p> <p>AcknowledgmentsSome of these Notes are based on information provided by Dairy Food Safety Victoria (DFSV), modified as necessary for goats. Several key areas are reproduced in their entirety. References and acknowledgments are given on individual Notes. The authors would like to thank DFSV, the Victorian Department of Natural Resources &amp; Environment, the Tasmanian Department of Primary Industry, Water &amp; Environment, and other specialist personnel as listed in individual Dairy Goat Notes, for their individual advice and assistance in the preparation of the Notes. Further important information on milk production is available from DFSV and/or your appropriate State body that deals with dairy food safety. Local Departments of Agriculture may also have information on aspects of dairy goat farming. Dairy Branches in particular have relevant and up to date information developed for dairy cows that is often applicable to goats.</p> <p>v</p> <p>ContentsForeword ...................................................................................................................... iv Acknowledgments........................................................................................................ v 1.1 Industry and Markets ............................................................................................. 1 Industry development............................................................................................... 1 Farms....................................................................................................................... 2 Markets .................................................................................................................... 3 Fresh milk.............................................................................................................. 3 Goat cheese.......................................................................................................... 3 Other products ...................................................................................................... 4 Further information................................................................................................... 4 References............................................................................................................... 4 1.2 Farm Location &amp; Layout ........................................................................................ 5 Location ................................................................................................................... 5 Milk Delivery.......................................................................................................... 5 Markets ................................................................................................................. 5 Layout ...................................................................................................................... 5 1.3 Fencing.................................................................................................................... 7 1.4 Breed Selection ...................................................................................................... 8 Breeds...................................................................................................................... 8 Swiss breeds......................................................................................................... 8 Anglo Nubian......................................................................................................... 8 Crossbreds and mixed breed stock....................................................................... 8 Production levels...................................................................................................... 9 Costs ..................................................................................................................... 9 Settling in .............................................................................................................. 9 Obtaining a herd.................................................................................................... 9 Selection criteria.................................................................................................... 9 Disease ................................................................................................................. 9 1.5 Annual Farm Check List ...................................................................................... 10 CATEGORY............................................................................................................ 10 Animal Health.......................................................................................................... 10 Kid Rearing............................................................................................................. 10 Milk Production ........................................................................................................ 10 Mating ................................................................................................................... 10 Feeding.................................................................................................................. 11 Records ................................................................................................................. 11 Annual Planner ...................................................................................................... 11 Production &amp; Feeding Wall Chart........................................................................... 11 2.1 Milking Premises Requirements ......................................................................... 12 Siting ...................................................................................................................... 12 Access................................................................................................................. 12 Services .............................................................................................................. 12 Surroundings....................................................................................................... 12 Buildings, Yards and Facilities ............................................................................... 12 Milk Room or Dustproof Compartment .................................................................. 13 Milking Shed .......................................................................................................... 13 Air Space and Engine Room.................................................................................. 14 Feed Bins and Storage .......................................................................................... 14 Holding Yards ........................................................................................................ 14 Effluent Disposal .................................................................................................... 14 Drainage Systems.................................................................................................. 15</p> <p>vi</p> <p>Toilet.......................................................................................................................15 Water Supply ..........................................................................................................15 Hot Water Supply ...................................................................................................16 Does .......................................................................................................................16 Sets of Cups ...........................................................................................................16 Volume ...................................................................................................................16 Safety at the Milking Shed......................................................................................16 Buildings and Equipment .....................................................................................16 Chemicals ............................................................................................................16 Drugs especially Antibiotics .................................................................................16 Effluent Ponds and Sumps: .................................................................................17 Electrical ..............................................................................................................17 Hot Water.............................................................................................................17 Leptospirosis........................................................................................................17 Operating Equipment...........................................................................................18 Milk Transport ......................................................................................................18 Storage of Dangerous Substances used at the Milking Shed .............................18 2.2 Milking Shed Design .............................................................................................19 Dairy Shed Types and Features.............................................................................20 Pit design .............................................................................................................20 Bail Structure .......................................................................................................20 Gates ......................................................................................................................21 Rotary Dairies.........................................................................................................21 Extra features .........................................................................................................21 2.3 Milking Machines ...............................................................................................23 Vacuum Pump ........................................................................................................23 Vacuum Levels .......................................................................................................23 Vacuum Regulator..................................................................................................23 Interceptor (Vacuum Tank).....................................................................................24 Vacuum Gauge.......................................................................................................24 Sanitary Trap ..........................................................................................................24 Milklines..................................................................................................................24 Airlines....................................................................................................................25 Pulsation.................................................................................................................25 Rate and ratio of pulsations .................................................................................25 Flow Rates..............................................................................................................26 Milking Units and Claws .........................................................................................26 Teat Cup Liners (Inflations) and Rubberware.........................................................26 Milk Receival Vessels.............................................................................................27 Milk Pumps .............................................................................................................27 Filters......................................................................................................................27 Coolers ...................................................................................................................28 Releaser .................................................................................................................28 Test Buckets..................................................................................................</p>