students with learning disabilities adolescents and adults with learning disabilities

Download Students with Learning Disabilities Adolescents and Adults with Learning Disabilities

Post on 28-Dec-2015




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  • Students with Learning DisabilitiesAdolescents and Adults with Learning Disabilities

  • Demands Placed on AdolescentsSchool DemandsGaining information from written materials and lecturesDemonstrating knowledge through testsExpressing information in writingDemonstrating a broad set of cognitive and metacognitive skillsInteracting appropriatelyDemonstrating motivation to learn

  • Characteristics of Adolescents with Learning Disabilities Academic DeficitsPoor academic achievement is primary characteristic of adolescents with a learning disabilityCognitive and Metacognitive DeficitsExecutive processing deficitsDeficiencies in learning strategies and study skillsSocial Interaction DeficitsMotivation Deficits

  • Challenges in Secondary ProgrammingProgram ServicesDiverse range of services needed provided in a variety of instructional arrangementsPremises of Secondary ProgramsGeneral Curriculum AlternativesGenerally means student will not be going to a university for an academic degreeSelected if standard curriculum is important but additional instruction in skills and content is needed

  • Challenges of Secondary Programs continuedTypes of InterventionSkill-oriented approachesContent-oriented approachesStrategy-oriented approaches

  • Secondary Programming ModelsThree major areas of program development:Clearly specifying the nature of the curriculumIdentifying the instructional methodologiesSpecifying how the instructional environment will be arranged

  • Supportive and Alternative Curriculum ApproachesMotivationExtrinsic vs. intrinsic motivationUsing student beliefsSocial DevelopmentAcademic RemediationLearning StrategiesFunctional Living SkillsCareer-Related InstructionTransitions from Secondary Settings

  • Instructional ProceduresAcquisition and Generalization of Skills and StrategiesUse activities involving guided practice, modeling, peer instruction, provision of feedback, and task analysisAcquisition and Generalization of Secondary ContentContent enhancementsAdvance Organizers Visual displays

  • Instructional Procedures continuedStudy guidesMnemonic InstructionAssignmentsAdapting MaterialsCollaboration with General Classroom Teachers

  • Adults with Learning DisabilitiesYoung AdultsSome difficulties experienced: underemployment, job dissatisfaction, dependent living arrangements, social skills problems, poor work habits, job selectionCollege StudentsStudents must identify or refer themselves for the university to provide full program accessibility General Adulthood