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Surrealism Joe Brusca Persistence of Memory

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Surrealism Presentation


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Joe Brusca

Persistence of Memory

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• Dreams (* Anyone remember theirs last night?)

• Surrealism Dada

• Fantasy Subconscious

• Automatism Enigmatic

• Nostalgic Juxtapositions

• Frottage Distortion

• Illusion Abstraction

• Line Value

• Portrait Composition

• Illusions Bourgeoisie

*Notes in journal and visual board

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Dada to Surrealism• Dada or Dadaism is a art movement that began in Zurich, Switzerland.• During the end of World War I and peaked from post war around 1916 to

1922.• The art movement was based on its anti-war politics and anti-art cultural

works. They rejected was being handed down them from modern world culture. It was also anti-bourgeois and anarchist in nature.

• Dada activities included public gatherings, demonstrations, and publication of art/literary journals; art, politics, and culture were topics often discussed within the Dadaist.

• The Dada influenced later avant-garde art movements like surrealism, pop art and contemporary music like rock ’n’ roll, even punk rock.

• Included the visual arts, literature, including poetry, art manifestoes, art theory, theatre, cinema and graphic design.

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• Surrealism is a cultural movement and artistic style that was founded in 1924 by André Breton.

• Influenced by the psychoanalytical work of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung.

• The movement was begun primarily in Europe, centered in Paris, and was helped founded by many of the members of the Dada community.

• Surrealism style uses visual imagery from the subconscious mind to create art without the intention of logical comprehensibility.

• The group aimed to revolutionize human experience, in its personal, cultural, social, and political aspects. They wanted to free people from false rationality, and restrictive customs and structures.

• At various times Surrealists aligned with communism and anarchism.

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Surrealist Techniques• Automatism, for ex., like automatic drawing was developed by the

surrealists, as a means of expressing the subconscious. In automatic drawing, the hand is allowed to move 'randomly' across the paper. In applying chance and accident to mark-making, drawing is to a large extent freed of rational control. Hence the drawing produced may be attributed in part to the subconscious and may reveal something of the psyche, which would otherwise be repressed.

• Frottage, the artist takes a pencil or other drawing tool and makes a "rubbing" over a textured surface. The drawing can be left as is or used as the basis for further refinement.

• Examples of other influences of automatism would be cut-ups, jazz and abstract expressionism.

• “The simplest Surrealist act consists of dashing down the street, pistol in hand, and firing blindly, as fast as you can pull the trigger, into the crowd.” -- André Breton, Second Manifesto of Surrealism

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Links to Some ImportantPast Events

• Antiwar movements like Vietnam in the 1960’s .

• Feminist Movement• Civil Rights Movement• 1960’s Counter Culture Movement

• Can you think of any from the past or currently?

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André Breton

"Life’s greatest gift is the freedom it leaves you to step out of it whenever you choose."

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André Breton

• He studied medicine and psychiatry. And during World War I he worked in a neurological ward where he gained his anti-war views from the trauma it caused many of the soldiers.

• Surrealist Leader

• Poet / Writer

• His writings include the Surrealist Manifesto of 1924, in which he defined surrealism as "pure psychic automatism".

• Influenced by the writers Rimbuad, Voltaire, Guillaume Apollinaire, along with fellow Dadaist Louis Aragon, Philippe Soupault and Tristan Tzara.

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Dada to Surrealism

• Important figures of the Dadaism and eventually the founders of Surrealism.

Marcel Duchamp

Hans Arp

Francis Picabia

Max Ernst

Man Ray

Andre Breton

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Marcel Duchamp

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Marcel DuchampArtwork

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Hans Arp

Crown of Buds

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Francis Picabia

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Max Ernst

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Man Ray

"To create is divine, to reproduce is human."

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Giorgio de Chirico

“To become truly immortal, a work of art must escape all human limits: logic and common sense will only interfere. But once these barriers are

broken, it will enter the realms of childhood visions and dreams.”

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André Masson

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René Magritte

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Roberto Matta

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Yves Tanguy

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Yves Tanguy Artwork

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Salvador Dalí

“The only one difference between a madman and me. I not am mad.”