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SURREALISM Popular Artists & Compositional Techniques

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Page 1: Surrealism Project

SURREALISMPopular Artists &

Compositional Techniques

Page 2: Surrealism Project

• 1910-1920's Literary and Artistic movement.

• Poets, writers, and artists explored the subconscious mind and dream imagery that were heavily influenced by the psychological studies of Sigmund Freud.

André Breton was a French writer and poet. He is known best as the founder of Surrealism. His writings include the

first Surrealist Manifesto of 1924, in which he defined surrealism as "pure psychic automatism"

Page 3: Surrealism Project

The founder of the Metaphysical art movement, Giorgio de Chirico was an Italian (Born in Volos,Greece)surrealist painter, whose work implied a metaphysical questioning of reality.

(DE CHIRICO)

Page 4: Surrealism Project

Salvador Dalí was a skilled draftsman, best known for the

striking and bizarre images in his surrealist work.

His painterly skills are often attributed to the influence of

Renaissance masters.

Dalí's expansive artistic repertoire included film, sculpture, and

photography, in collaboration with a range of artists in a variety of media.

Page 5: Surrealism Project

Rene Magritte was one of the most well known and famous surrealist painters of all time, yet it was not until his 50s, when he was finally able to reach some form of fame and recognition for his work.

(MAGRITTE)

Page 6: Surrealism Project

SURREALISM TECHNIQUES think “PHYSICAL aspects”

Juxtaposition- placing objects near each other for impact

Scale- using known size relationships to communicate

Levitation- floating objects that do no float; using knowledge of weight

Dislocation -taking objects out of their normal environment

Transparency -making objects transparent or opaque against their normalcy

Transformation -transforming from one physical state to another

Page 7: Surrealism Project

Juxtaposition- placing

objects near each other for

impact

(DE CHIRICO)

Page 8: Surrealism Project

(DE CHIRICO)

Page 9: Surrealism Project

Scale- using known size relationships to communicate

(MAGRITTE)

Page 10: Surrealism Project

(MAGRITTE)

Page 11: Surrealism Project

Levitation- floating objects that do no float; using knowledge of weight

(MAGRITTE)

Page 12: Surrealism Project

Dislocation -taking objects

out of their normal

environment

(MAGRITTE)

Page 13: Surrealism Project

(MAGRITTE)

Page 14: Surrealism Project

Transparency -making objects transparent or opaque against their normalcy

(MAGRITTE)

Page 15: Surrealism Project

(MAGRITTE)

Page 16: Surrealism Project

Transformation -from one physical state to another

(DALI)

Page 17: Surrealism Project

(DALI)

Page 18: Surrealism Project

(DALI)

Page 19: Surrealism Project

(DALI)

Page 20: Surrealism Project

Dali’s best-known work, The Persistence of Memory was completed in August 1931.

Page 21: Surrealism Project

(DALI)

Page 22: Surrealism Project

Magritte has many popular images, his best-known work, The Son of Man was completed in 1964.

Magritte says:“At least it hides the face partly well, so you have the apparent face, the apple, hiding the visible but hidden, the face of the person. It's something that happens constantly. Everything we see hides another thing, we always want to see what is hidden by what we see. There is an interest in that which is hidden and which the visible does not show us. This interest can take the form of a quite intense feeling, a sort of conflict, one might say, between the visible that is hidden and the visible that is present”

Page 23: Surrealism Project

THIS IS NOT A PIPE BY MAGRITTE

Page 24: Surrealism Project

FALSE MIRROR BY MAGRITTE

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Page 26: Surrealism Project

PROJECT DETAILS:

1. PULL OUT RANDOMLY MAGAZINE PAGES OF IMAGES YOU LIKE OR CATCH YOUR EYE.2. FOLD OUTER EDGES OF BLACK PAPER TO MEET IN THE MIDDLE TO CREATE A “DOOR” 3. CUT AND GLUE IMAGES THROUGHOUT THE INSIDE OF THE BLACK PAPER UTILIZING

THE VARIOUS SURREALIST TECHNIQUES, ESPECIALLY JUXTAPOSITIONING AND SCALE.4. SET ASIDE 1 LARGE IMAGE FOR YOUR COVER, THAT YOU WILL CUT IN HALF, AND GLUE

ONTO THE DOOR.

5. DO NOT PUT YOUR NAME ON THIS PROJECT. THIS IS VERY IMPORTANT!!!!

6. TURN IN PROJECT INTO RANDOM PILE

7. CHOOSE 1 PROJECT THAT YOU DO NOT KNOW THE ARTIST

8. YOU WILL BE LEAD THROUGH THE 4 STEP PROCESS OF ART CRITICISM BEFORE FINALIZING VAAS AND GRADING.

All images and information gathered from online resources and are for educational use only.