sweet basil,production technology of sweat basil,.medical uses of sweat basil,botanical discription...
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Presentation Outlinesweat basilBotanical name
Soil and Climate Sowing date Irrigation Fertilizers Insect pest and diseases etc.
NomenclatureScientific name: Ocimum basilicum Common names: Basil or sweet basil Family: lamiaceae
The name basil is derived from greek word, basileus which means king, because of the royal fragrance of this herb:4/11/20162
Origin of BasilBasil is widespread in Africa Asia and USAFirst cultivated in India.More than 50 species are present.Differ in growth habit physiological appearance and aromatic composition.
Botanical descriptionStemBasil is an erect herbaceous annual plant.Sometimes grown as a short-lived perennial in some areas.It grows into a bushy shape up to about 50 cm tall and some varieties may even grow taller.4/11/20164
Botanical descriptionLeavesThe leaves are broad. Oval shaped. And 5 to 8 cm long.Leaves are yellowish and Bright green.
Botanical descriptionFlowersSmall white to purple flowers appear in summer and are arranged in whorls on the ends of branches.4/11/20166
Botanical descriptionSeed The flowers produce seeds, which are oblong, ranging from brown to black in color.The seeds self-sow readily and are easy to germinate.4/11/20167
Production TechnologySeedbed preparation:2-3 cultivation for direct sowing.
Apply suitable farming operation.4/11/20168
Climate Temperature:Best cultivated in subtropical areas.Optimum temperature for germination is 20 o C.Rainfall:700 mm rainfall is the minimum for dryland cultivation. 4/11/20169
Soil Basil required well drained and fertile soil.
High organic matter content.
pH ranges from 4-6.
Cultivation practicesPropagation:Seed can be sown in trays.Basil may be cultivated as field crop or in a green house.Transplanted in field after 4-6 weeks.When plant height is 15 cm.Basil can also propagated by cuttings.
Planting Spacing:Row- Row space=50-100 cm.Plant- plant space=15-30.Planting depth:Seeds are planted only 3-6 mm deep.Plant population:Population should be 60000-90000 plants per hectare.4/11/201612
Sowing TimeBasil can be direct seeded or transplanted in August- October.
Planted nursery at early date.
Protect it from cold and frost season.
Depend upon soil type.Basil respond well at moderately use of fertilizer.
N:P:K=100:50:20 kg per hectare.
Requires water throughout the growing season.Drip irrigation is the best option.Weeds control:Weeds control is critical because the competition with weeds decrease the quality of leaves.4/11/201615
Weeds controlDo not allow the weeds to form seed.Shade out weeds by plant canopy.Use manual or mechanical control.4/11/201616
Pests and diseasesAphids.
Harvesting For essential oil:It is harvesting one time at full harvesting stage.For leaves:Up to 4 cuttings are possible.Leaves are harvested when needed.Leaves are cut 10-15 cm above the ground to allow regrowth. 4/11/201618
Storing Essential oil is stored in air tight plastic bag.Fresh basil stored on 8-10 o C temperature.Fresh basil stored for 7-10 days at recommended temperature.Dried leaves are stored in dark air tight container.4/11/201619