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Sweet Basil

Presentation Outlinesweat basilBotanical name

Botanical description

Medicinal uses

Production technology

Soil and Climate Sowing date Irrigation Fertilizers Insect pest and diseases etc.

4/11/2016

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14/11/2016

NomenclatureScientific name: Ocimum basilicum Common names: Basil or sweet basil Family: lamiaceae

The name basil is derived from greek word, basileus which means king, because of the royal fragrance of this herb:4/11/20162

Origin of BasilBasil is widespread in Africa Asia and USAFirst cultivated in India.More than 50 species are present.Differ in growth habit physiological appearance and aromatic composition.

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Botanical descriptionStemBasil is an erect herbaceous annual plant.Sometimes grown as a short-lived perennial in some areas.It grows into a bushy shape up to about 50 cm tall and some varieties may even grow taller.4/11/20164

Botanical descriptionLeavesThe leaves are broad. Oval shaped. And 5 to 8 cm long.Leaves are yellowish and Bright green.

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Botanical descriptionFlowersSmall white to purple flowers appear in summer and are arranged in whorls on the ends of branches.4/11/20166

Botanical descriptionSeed The flowers produce seeds, which are oblong, ranging from brown to black in color.The seeds self-sow readily and are easy to germinate.4/11/20167

Production TechnologySeedbed preparation:2-3 cultivation for direct sowing.

1 planking.

Apply suitable farming operation.4/11/20168

Climate Temperature:Best cultivated in subtropical areas.Optimum temperature for germination is 20 o C.Rainfall:700 mm rainfall is the minimum for dryland cultivation. 4/11/20169

Soil Basil required well drained and fertile soil.

High organic matter content.

pH ranges from 4-6.

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Cultivation practicesPropagation:Seed can be sown in trays.Basil may be cultivated as field crop or in a green house.Transplanted in field after 4-6 weeks.When plant height is 15 cm.Basil can also propagated by cuttings.

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Planting Spacing:Row- Row space=50-100 cm.Plant- plant space=15-30.Planting depth:Seeds are planted only 3-6 mm deep.Plant population:Population should be 60000-90000 plants per hectare.4/11/201612

Sowing TimeBasil can be direct seeded or transplanted in August- October.

Planted nursery at early date.

Protect it from cold and frost season.

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Fertilizer:

Depend upon soil type.Basil respond well at moderately use of fertilizer.

N:P:K=100:50:20 kg per hectare.

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Irrigation:

Requires water throughout the growing season.Drip irrigation is the best option.Weeds control:Weeds control is critical because the competition with weeds decrease the quality of leaves.4/11/201615

Weeds controlDo not allow the weeds to form seed.Shade out weeds by plant canopy.Use manual or mechanical control.4/11/201616

Pests and diseasesAphids.

Beetles.

Leafminers.

Grasshopper.

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Harvesting For essential oil:It is harvesting one time at full harvesting stage.For leaves:Up to 4 cuttings are possible.Leaves are harvested when needed.Leaves are cut 10-15 cm above the ground to allow regrowth. 4/11/201618

Storing Essential oil is stored in air tight plastic bag.Fresh basil stored on 8-10 o C temperature.Fresh basil stored for 7-10 days at recommended temperature.Dried leaves are stored in dark air tight container.4/11/201619