Swimming Pool Safety Maintaining Safe and Healthy Swimming Pools

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Swimming Pool Safety Maintaining Safe and Healthy Swimming Pools </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Procedures Towards Maintaining Safe and Healthy Swimming Pools 1.Properly Trained Pool Maintenance Personnel 2.Pool Maintenance -Twelve steps for reducing germ contamination of swimming pools. 3.Pool Pumps, Drains and Suction Covers 4.Pool Electrical Safety 5.Pool Gates, Locks, Signs and Rescue Devices 6.Pool Chemical - Handling and Storage </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Procedures Towards Maintaining Safe and Healthy Swimming Pools 1.Properly Trained Pool Maintenance Personnel At least one person at each Apartment Community should have formal, in-depth training on all facets of swimming pool operation and management including: filtration disinfection water testing and treatment design considerations facility management risk management facility troubleshooting hot tub &amp; spa operation Training and certification can be obtained by completion of one of the following courses or their equivalent: (1)the NRPA, Aquatic Facility Operator (A.F.O.); (2)the NSPF, Certified Pool-Spa Operator (C.P.O.); (3)YMCA, Pool Operator on Location (P.O.O.L.); (4)the NSPI, Professional Pool &amp; Spa Operator (P.P.S.O.); or (5)the ASPSA, Licensed Aquatic Facility Technician (L.A.F.T.). </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Procedures Towards Maintaining Safe and Healthy Swimming Pools 2. Pool Maintenance -Twelve steps for reducing germ contamination of swimming pools. Twelve steps for reducing germ contamination of swimming pools. How can you protect swimmers from recreational water illnesses (RWIs) without restricting access and enjoyment? 12 Steps for RWI Prevention for Pool Staff Step 1Lead your staff. Step 2Develop partnerships. Step 3Educate pool staff. Step 4Educate swimmers and parents. Step 5Maintain water quality and equipment. Step 6Evaluate aquatic facility design. Step 7Institute disinfection guidelines. Step 8Evaluate hygiene facilities. Step 9Develop a bathroom break policy. Step 10 Step 11 Step 12 Create a special policy for large groups of young children. Post and distribute health information. Develop an outbreak/emergency response plan. </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Procedures Towards Maintaining Safe and Healthy Swimming Pools 2. Pool Maintenance -Twelve steps for reducing germ contamination of swimming pools. STEP 1: Lead your staff. Every aquatic facility is different with distinct priorities that have to be juggled on a daily basis while working within limitations on staff and resources. However, all aquatic facilities make safety and health a top priority. Making a choice to integrate an RWI protection plan into an existing facility risk management plan is the single greatest decision you can make to protect swimmers from RWIs. Investing heavily after the outbreak occurs, a common occurrence, is great but it would have been better for the publics health and more cost-effective if this were done before the outbreak occurred. </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Procedures Towards Maintaining Safe and Healthy Swimming Pools 2. Pool Maintenance -Twelve steps for reducing germ contamination of swimming pools. STEP 2: Develop Partnerships - Building a communication bridge to your health department and other aquatic facilities is a great way to get information about other outbreaks occurring in your community. Protect your facility, make the contacts early, and build a communication network so that you are aware of the health status of your community at all times. </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Procedures Towards Maintaining Safe and Healthy Swimming Pools 2. Pool Maintenance -Twelve steps for reducing germ contamination of swimming pools. STEP 3: Educate pool staff. Ensure that the pool operator, at a minimum, has taken part in a standardized training course given by aquatics professionals. Ensure that all staff know the critical role of water testing, proper testing methods, and how to respond if disinfectant levels are not adequate. Make sure that staff can explain, in a way that is inoffensive and acceptable to parents, why behaviors such as using public tables and chairs for diaper changing is a health risk. Maintaining pool water quality according to existing public health requirements will prevent the spread of most recreational water illnesses (RWIs). </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Procedures Towards Maintaining Safe and Healthy Swimming Pools 2. Pool Maintenance -Twelve steps for reducing germ contamination of swimming pools. STEP 4: Educate swimmers and parents. Educate your daily patrons. You might hand out prevention messages (P-L-E-As for Healthy Swimming or CDC brochure) as patrons enter the pool or park area. Six P-L-E-As for Protection Against Recreational Water Illnesses (RWIs) 1. PLEASE dont swim when you have diarrhea...this is especially important for kids in diapers. 2. PLEASE dont swallow the pool water. 3. PLEASE practice good hygiene. 4. PLEASE take your kids on bathroom breaks often. 5. PLEASE change diapers in a bathroom and not at poolside. 6. PLEASE wash your child thoroughly (especially the rear end) with soap and water before swimming. </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Procedures Towards Maintaining Safe and Healthy Swimming Pools 2. Pool Maintenance -Twelve steps for reducing germ contamination of swimming pools. STEP 5: Maintain water quality and equipment. Keep the chemical feed equipment and chemicals at optimal levels within state and local government regulations. This includes maintaining the disinfectant at regulated levels; optimal pH (7.2-7.8); alkalinity (80-120 ppm); calcium hardness (200-400 ppm), and total dissolved solids (below 2500mg/liter). Poor pH control can compromise chlorines effectiveness as a disinfectant. Remember that maintaining recommended chlorine levels will prevent most bacterial outbreaks such as E. coli Be sure to monitor chlorine regularly where the chlorine is neededat poolside. You should be able to prevent pools and hot tubs from running out of chlorine through regular monitoring, and pumphouse and systems checks. Ensure regular and thorough maintenance of the recirculation and filtration equipment to provide maximum filtration. </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Procedures Towards Maintaining Safe and Healthy Swimming Pools 2. Pool Maintenance -Twelve steps for reducing germ contamination of swimming pools. STEP 6: Evaluate aquatic facility design. Some pools have already started to redesign their facilities for the purpose of illness protection. Evaluate your filtration system. When it comes to the spread of some illnesses, filtration can help but it takes substantial time to completely filter the pool. Evaluate your form of disinfection. There is a great deal of interest in new technologies that disinfect pool water such as ozone, ultraviolet (UV) irradiation, and mixed oxidants. </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Procedures Towards Maintaining Safe and Healthy Swimming Pools 2. Pool Maintenance -Twelve steps for reducing germ contamination of swimming pools. STEP 7: Institute disinfection guidelines. Maintain chlorine levels continuously between 1-3 parts per million. Maintain the pH level of the water at 7.2-7.8. Test pH and disinfectant levels at least twice per day (hourly when in heavy use). Maintain accurate daily records of disinfectant and pH measurements. Maintain filtration and recirculation systems according to manufacturer recommendations. Scrub pool surfaces, particularly tile, to remove any slime layer. Provide disinfection guidelines for fecal accidents and body fluid spills. Ensure adequate numbers of easily found, clean, close, and safe restrooms </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Procedures Towards Maintaining Safe and Healthy Swimming Pools 2. Pool Maintenance -Twelve steps for reducing germ contamination of swimming pools. STEP 8: Evaluate hygiene facilities. In CDCs parent interviews, parents uniformly said they change diapers at poolside because changing rooms were unclean, poorly maintained, and/or had inadequate diaper-changing facilities. Here are some questions that you could ask to improve your facilities: Do you have an adequate number of facilities? Are the facilities close to the pool? Are the facilities well maintained (stocked and cleaned)? Would you walk barefoot in them as your patrons do? It is important to train staff to recognize risky behavior such as changing a child on public tables or chairs. Have them educate patrons about why this is a health risk. </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> Procedures Towards Maintaining Safe and Healthy Swimming Pools 2. Pool Maintenance -Twelve steps for reducing germ contamination of swimming pools. STEP 9: Develop a bathroom break policy. CDC hopes to heighten awareness about the transmission of recreational water illnesses (RWIs). Reduce fecal accidents by helping parents get their children to the bathroom by scheduling an hourly break for disinfectant testing and bathroom use? Staff should let patrons know that this break provides optimal timing for bathroom use. Additionally, to prevent transmission of germs, you should ensure that the bathrooms are clean, that they are stocked with toilet paper, and that they have ample soap for hand washing. If parents ask, tell them this policy not only reduces fecal contamination but also should reduce the amount of urine in the pool that uses up disinfectant that could be killing germs. </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> Procedures Towards Maintaining Safe and Healthy Swimming Pools 2. Pool Maintenance -Twelve steps for reducing germ contamination of swimming pools. STEP 10: Create a special policy for large groups of young children. If you allow large groups of diaper/toddler-aged children in the pool consider: Requiring RWI orientation training and make sure they understand that your pool also excludes children ill with diarrhea. Keeping diaper/toddler-aged children in the pools specifically designated for them. </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> Procedures Towards Maintaining Safe and Healthy Swimming Pools 2. Pool Maintenance -Twelve steps for reducing germ contamination of swimming pools. STEP 11: Post and distribute health information Consider providing signage in a conspicuous location before pool entry. The sign might state: Dont swim when you have diarrhea. Dont swallow the pool water. Wash your hands with soap and water after using the restroom or changing diapers. Take your kids to the bathroom often. Change diapers in the bathroom and not at poolside. Wash your child thoroughly (especially the rear end) with soap and water before swimming. </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> Procedures Towards Maintaining Safe and Healthy Swimming Pools 2. Pool Maintenance -Twelve steps for reducing germ contamination of swimming pools. STEP 12: Develop an outbreak/emergency response plan. The best advice is to be prepared. If an outbreak does occur, are you ready? Do you have a plan? Most pool staff already have a risk management plan for injuries and drowning, but many do not have plans for managing a recreational water illness (RWI) outbreak. Develop a policy to follow in the event that you begin getting calls from the public, or the health department starts an investigation. Part of this plan should include a strategy to communicate with the local health department and media. Collaborate with your local health department. This is always important, plus the investigation may indicate a source unrelated to the pool. Support the investigation. If the pool is the source of the outbreak, the investigation can often reveal how or why illness was transmitted. This information leads to better illness prevention strategies that can help everyone. </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> Procedures Towards Maintaining Safe and Healthy Swimming Pools 3. Pool Pumps, Drain and Suction Covers Pool and Spa Entrapment Dangers Consumer Product Safety Alert FROM THE U.S. CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION, WASHINGTON, D.C. o Never use a pool or spa with a missing or broken drain cover. Be sure a newer, safer drain cover is in place. The new drain covers are usually domed-shaped instead of the old flat drain covers. o Consider installing a Safety Vacuum Release System (SVRS), a device that will automatically shut off a pump if a blockage is detected. o Regularly inspect your pool or spa for entrapment or entanglement hazards. o Plainly mark the location of the electrical cut-off switch for the pool or spa pump. o If someone is entrapped against a drain, cut off the pump immediately. Instead of trying to pull the person away from the powerful suction, pry a hand between the drain and the persons body to break the seal. </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> Procedures Towards Maintaining Safe and Healthy Swimming Pools 4. Pool Electrical Safety CPSCs Safety Tips For Preventing Electrocutions In and Around the Pool 1. Know where all the electrical switches and circuit breakers for pool equipment and lights are located and how to turn them off in an emergency. 2. Refrain from swimming before, during, or after thunderstorms. 3. Have an electrician who is qualified in pool and spa repairs inspect and upgrade your pool, spa or hot tub in accordance with applicable local codes and the National Electrical Code (NEC). 4. Ensure that all electrical wires and junction boxes are at least five feet away from water, as required by the NEC. 4. Protect swimmers from injury by following the NEC requirements for installing GFCIs: on underwater lighting circuits operating at 120-volts (CPSC recommends GFCIs for circuits that are 15 volts or greater); on pumps and electrical equipment used with pools, spas and hot tubs, including heaters close to the pool and operated on 240 volt circuits; on electrical circuits around pools, spas, and hot tubs; on all outdoor receptacles and receptacles within 20 feet of the water's edge to protect people from injury. 5. Test GFCIs monthly to assure continued protection. Infrequently used and portable or cord-connected GFCIs should be tested before each day's use. To test a GFCI: Plug a nightlight into the outlet and turn the nightlight on. Press the "TEST" button. Did the light go out? If not, replace the GFCI or have it inspected by an electrician. Press the "RESET" button. Did the light come back on? If not, replace the GFCI. 6. Wear shoes while conducting the test, especially if outdoors or standing on wet ground. Use battery-operated appliances instead of cord-connected appliances in and around a pool, spa, or hot tub. 7. Post an emergency plan within clear view of those using the pool. 8. Ensure that overhead power lines and junction boxes are safely positioned when installing a new pool, hot tub or spa. </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> Procedures Towards Maintaining Safe and Healthy Swimming Pools 4. Pool Electrical Safety In Case of Emergency Turn off all power. Call 9-1-1 or the local emergency number. 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