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  • SWIMMING & WATER SAFETY NATIONAL PROGRAM STANDARDS

    June 2016

  • 2

    Swimming & Water Safety: National Program Standards 2016

    Table of Contents Table of Contents .............................................................................................................................................. 2 Introduction ...................................................................................................................................................... 3

    Red Cross Swimming & Water Safety ........................................................................................................... 4 Logos ............................................................................................................................................................. 5 Healthy Teaching Practices ........................................................................................................................... 6 Site Requirements ......................................................................................................................................... 7 Diving ............................................................................................................................................................ 7 Lifeguard Equipment ................................................................................................................................... 10

    Red Cross Swim ............................................................................................................................................... 13 Red Cross Swim Preschool .......................................................................................................................... 14 Red Cross Swim Kids ................................................................................................................................... 16 Red Cross Swim Adapted ............................................................................................................................ 18 Red Cross Swim @ School ........................................................................................................................... 20 Red Cross Swim @ Camp ............................................................................................................................ 21 Red Cross Swim for Adults and Teens ........................................................................................................ 22 Red Cross Swim Basics ................................................................................................................................ 22 Red Cross Swim Strokes .............................................................................................................................. 23 Red Cross Swim Sports ................................................................................................................................ 24

    Red Cross Lifeguard ........................................................................................................................................ 25 Assistant Lifeguard ...................................................................................................................................... 26 Pool Lifeguard ............................................................................................................................................. 30 Waterfront Lifeguard .................................................................................................................................. 35

    Instructor Development Program ................................................................................................................... 42 Instructor Policies ....................................................................................................................................... 43

    Instructor Program .......................................................................................................................................... 55 Water Safety Instructor Course ...................................................................................................................... 56 Water Safety Instructor Recertification Course.............................................................................................. 58 Water Safety Instructor Transfer Course ........................................................................................................ 59

    Assistant Lifeguard Instructor ..................................................................................................................... 62 Pool Lifeguard Instructor ............................................................................................................................ 64 Waterfront Lifeguard Instructor ................................................................................................................. 70

    Instructor Trainer Program ............................................................................................................................. 75 Water Safety Instructor Trainer Course .......................................................................................................... 76 Water Safety Instructor Trainer Recertification Course ................................................................................. 78

    Lifeguard Instructor Trainer Mentorship .................................................................................................... 80 Water Safety Master Instructor Trainer ......................................................................................................... 82 Glossary ........................................................................................................................................................... 83

    Common Acronyms ..................................................................................................................................... 86

  • 3 Swimming & Water Safety: National Program Standards 2016

    Introduction

    Overview These national program standards were revised in 2010 during updates to the Red Cross Swim Programs and in 2016 for updates to the Swimming & Water Safety Instructor Development Program. The Canadian Red Cross has committed to reviewing these annually to ensure they support quality delivery in the field.

    These standards were developed for Instructors, Facilitators, Instructor Trainers, Master Instructor Trainers, Training Partners, and staff of the Canadian Red Cross to use and follow. The document includes standards for all participant-level Red Cross Swim and Red Cross Lifeguard, and the requirements for all the Instructor Development Programs that support the participant-level courses.

    Lifeguard program content is in alignment with the Canadian Consensus on Guildelines which is based on latest international evidence-based science. The Canadian Guidelines Consensus Task Force is comprised of the Canadian Red Cross, Heart and Stroke Foundation, St. John Ambulance, the Canadian Ski Patrol and the Lifesaving Society. The Canadian Red Cross chaired the consensus task force and remains committed to collaborating with all stakeholders to further the science behind all our programs and affect outcomes.

    The latest guideslines can be found at www.redcross.ca/firstaidguidelines

    Red Cross Swimming & Water Safety Logos Healthy Teaching Practices Teaching Time First Aid Equipment Delivery

    http://www.redcross.ca/firstaidguidelines

  • 4

    Swimming & Water Safety: National Program Standards 2016

    Red Cross Swimming & Water Safety Red Cross Swimming & Water Safety Goal Improve quality of life by preparing people to make safe choices, increase physical fitness, prevent injuries, and act in emergency and rescue situations.

    Red Cross Slogans Swim with the best! Red Cross Lifeguard. Skilled. Proud. Ready.

    Swimming & Water Safety Aim Our aim is to reduce drowning and water-related injuries and fatalities by providing Canadians with the awareness and knowledge to recognize and avoid dangerous situations; the knowledge and skills required to save lives; the basic rescue skills to enable them to save others; and the knowledge and awareness to recognize hazardous environments and equipment in their communities and

    to provide solutions.

    Courses All Canadian Red Cross courses teach participants how to prevent injuries and avoid risky behaviour; include a component on the emergency medical services (EMS) system; and have a recommended time frame that allows you to effectively teach the course content based on the number

    of participants in the class, the amount of equipment, and the previous training of the participants. All cardiopulmonary resuscitation/Automated External Defibrillator (CPR/AED) and first aid components of Canadian Red Cross courses are taught in accordance with the most current International First Aid and Resuscitation Guidelines 2016 http://www.redcross.ca/training-and-certification/first-aid-tips-and-resources

    VISIT REDCROSS.CA/MYRC FOR INSTRUCTOR AND TRAINING PARTNER

    RESOURCES.

    http://www.redcross.ca/training-and-certification/first-aid-tips-and-resourceshttp://www.redcross.ca/myrc

  • 5 Swimming & Water Safety: National Program Standards 2016

    Logos

    The Red Cross Emblem The Red Cross, Red Crescent, and Red Crystal emblems are internationally recognized symbols used to protect individuals during armed conflicts. They have a secondary use to identify organizations, like the Canadian Red Cross, that make up the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (the Movement). We safeguard both uses in the Geneva Conventions and in national laws.

    Appropriate use of the emblem helps preserve its protective power and, by that, helps to save lives. The Red Cross emblem is among the most recognized symbols in the world. Consistent and correct presentation also makes good sense for promotional and fundraising purposes. We should, therefore, display it on any Red Cross materials, publications, or products and use the emblem in conjunction with the name, Canadian Red Cross.

    Even the most effective symbol cannot create a positive visual identity in a vacuum. Every item that displays the corporate identity (the Canadian Red Cross name and emblem)posters, products, and signsmust live up to the image of the Canadian Red Cross. All of these pieces must work together as an integrated whole, to guide and reinforce a positive total image.

    Training Partners Canadian Red Cross Training Partners are allowed to use the Training Partner logo under the conditions outlined in our graphic standards. Training Partners are also allowed to use the Red Cross Swim logo suite under the conditions outlined in the Red Cross Swim Logo identity guide.

    The Universal Sign of First Aid The universal sign of first aid is a white cross on a green background and should be used to designate a first aid station, first aid kit or other first aid related item.

    VISIT REDCROSS.CA TO LEARN MORE ABOUT THE

    RED CROSS EMBLEM.

    http://www.redcross.ca/article.asp?id=000340&tid=019

  • 6

    Swimming & Water Safety: National Program Standards 2016

    Healthy Teaching Practices

    The Canadian Red Cross has a responsibility to safeguard the health and safety of participants enrolled in any Canadian Red Cross course. The materials and procedures found in the Red Cross Swim program reflect this concern.

    As an Instructor/Instructor Trainer, one of your responsibilities is to protect participants from health risks. The procedures outlined here are designed to limit the risk of any strenuous practice that could cause injury or sudden illness; limit the risk of transmission of communicable diseases; and limit the risk of one participant injuring another when practising on a partner.

    Physical Activity Participants and Instructor/Instructor Trainer candidates must be made aware of the following at the start of every Red Cross course.

    For most people, the physical activity involved in a Red Cross Swim lesson or lifeguarding course should not pose a threat to their health. There are a small number of people who may find the physical activities in a course strenuous. If they have any of the health conditions listed below, we recommend that they do not participate in the skills practice and demonstration involving physical activity until they have checked with their personal physician.

    A history of heart attack or other heart conditions Respiratory problems Pregnancy

    If they are unsure if they should participate in any aspect of the course involving physical activity, they should see the course conductor before the course begins. Should they wish to remain in the course but are unable to perform all of the required skills, they cannot successfully complete the course and receive certification.

    Prevention of Disease Transmission Prevention of disease transmission (PDT) and handwashing components must be included in every Red Cross Swim program. Good hygiene is important in any first aid, swimming or lifeguard program because unhygienic practices can pass on many infections. Individuals who are infected with a contagious disease should use their own mannequin and all precautions should be taken to reduce exposure to other participants.

  • 7 Swimming & Water Safety: National Program Standards 2016

    Site Requirements Red Cross Training Partners must comply with requirements regarding: operations, safety equipment, emergency equipment, pool requirements, and Instructor certifications as stated in your provincial legislation. There are very specific operational requirements in place to prevent the transmission of disease. These are outlined by your province or territory and municipality. Some of the legislation you need to be aware of in your area includes the following: Public Health Act Workplace health and safety regulations Building code Fire regulations

    You can also obtain more information through:

    provincial/territorial recreation associations, aquatic facility operator courses, and Red Cross Aquatic Programmer Course.

    Diving The ability to execute a safe dive depends on many factors. Such things as size, skill level and experience of your swimmers, as well as the nature and regulations of your instructional site, have to be taken into account. Certain sites may not be appropriate for diving, and the skill itself may not be appropriate for all swimmers to perform. It is the responsibility of each Training Partner to determine whether or not the basic diving skills of the Red Cross Swim program will be part of the curriculum at their site, and to designate a safe diving site, if appropriate. If your site is not suitable to teach diving, please inform your Program Representative to ensure we have a record of this in your Training Partner file. Provincial, territorial or municipal regulations should be adhered to where applicable. In pro...

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