# symmetry section 3.1. symmetry two types of symmetry:

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Symmetry Section 3.1

Author: bryan-gallagher

Post on 24-Dec-2015

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• Slide 1
• Symmetry Section 3.1
• Slide 2
• Symmetry
• Slide 3
• Two Types of Symmetry:
• Slide 4
• Point Symmetry Two distinct points P and P are symmetric with respect to point M, if and only if M is the midpoint of P and P Example: P(3, -4) and P are symmetric with respect to M(2, 2). What is P?
• Slide 5
• A good example of a graph being symmetric to a point is: This graph is symmetric to the ORIGIN P P M By the way, what is the domain and range of this graph? D: (-, ) R: (-, )
• Slide 6
• Interval Notation A parenthesis ( ) shows an open (not included) endpoint A bracket [ ] shows a closed [included] endpoint Examples: Set A with endpoints 1 and 3, neither endpoint included (1,3) Set B with endpoints 6 and 10, not including 10 [6,10) Set C with endpoints 20 and 25, including both endpoints [20,25] Set D with endpoints 28 and infinity, not including 28 (28, )
• Slide 7
• Line symmetry Two distinct points P and P are symmetric with respect with respect to line l if l is the perpendicular bisector of the line PP This graph is symmetric with respect to the y-axis or x = 0 What does the this graph look like: y = x 2 By the way, what is the domain and range of this graph? D: (-, ) R: (0, )
• Slide 8
• What is each graph symmetric with respect to? And tell me the domain and range. x = 2 x-axis x = 2 y = -5 P(2, -5) Infinite amount of lines x-axis y-axis origin Finish putting in domain and ranges in this PPT
• Slide 9
• What is each graph symmetric with respect to? x = 1 x = -1 y = 2 P(-1, 2) y = 2 origin
• Slide 10
• Real quick Circle equations look like: Ellipse equations look like: Same coefficients, both x and y squared Different POSITIVE coefficients, both x and y squared
• Slide 11
• A function is odd if f( -x) = - f(x) for every number x in the domain. A function is even if f( -x) = f(x) for every number x in the domain. So if you plug a x into the function and you get the negative of the function back again (all terms change signs) it is odd. EVEN ODD
• Slide 12
• If a function is not even or odd we just say neither (meaning neither even nor odd) Determine if the following functions are even, odd or neither. Not the original and all terms didn t change signs, so NEITHER. Got f(x) back so EVEN.
• Slide 13
• Challenge: Is it even, odd, or neither:
• Slide 14
• Even, Odd or Neither? Ex. 1 GraphicallyAlgebraically
• Slide 15
• Even, Odd or Neither? Ex. 2 GraphicallyAlgebraically
• Slide 16
• Even, Odd or Neither? GraphicallyAlgebraically Ex. 3
• Slide 17
• Even, Odd or Neither? GraphicallyAlgebraically Ex. 4
• Slide 18
• Even, Odd or Neither?
• Slide 19
• What do you notice about the graphs of even functions? Even functions are symmetric about the y-axis
• Slide 20
• What do you notice about the graphs of odd functions? Odd functions are symmetric about the origin
• Slide 21
• Even, Odd or Neither ?
• Slide 22
• The graph below is a portion of a complete graph. Sketch a complete graph for each of the following symmetries. With respect to: The x-axis The y-axis The line y = x The line y = -x
• Slide 23
• Slide 24
• Slide 25
• (1, 1) exists Does (1, -1) exist?NONot the x-axis Does (-1, 1) exist?YESSymmetric to y-axis