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The Cluster Initiative Greenbook 2.0 Örjan Sölvell & Göran Lindqvist Cluster Evaluation 5 September 2013

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By Örjan Sölvell & Göran Lindqvist, Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden, presented at the 16th TCI Global Conference, Kolding 2013.

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  • 1. The Cluster Initiative Greenbook 2.0 rjan Slvell & Gran Lindqvist Cluster Evaluation 5 September 2013

2. The Cluster Initiative Greenbook 2.0 rjan Slvell Gran Lindqvist Stockholm School of Economics 3. The Cluster Commons 3 4. 4 Six main conclusions 5. 5 The key task is to build bridges 6. 6 Firms Research organisations Education organisations Government Capital providers 7. Barriers to collaboration 7 Poor knowledge Sparse networks Different languages Different norms and attitudes Different visions Low trust Negative incentives 8. 8 Firms Education organisations Government Research organisations Capital providers 9. 9 Firms Research organisations Education organisations Government Capital providers 10. 10 Global markets Other clusters 11. 11 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Among firms in the cluster Firms and research institutions Firms and educational institutions Firms and public organisations With other cluster organisations With global markets Firms and financial institutions High priority Medium priority Low priority Not done priority contactsCollaboration: 12. 12 Communication intensity incoming emails to a cluster organisation 13. 13 Build from strength 14. 14 15. 15 Bringing people together is easer if you are neutral 16. 16 Membership fees Sales of services National public Regional / local public International public Other Mixed funding sources of revenues 17. 17 Private sector Public sector Academia Financial inst. Non-profit Mixed governance board composition 18. 18 Long-term public commitment helps 19. 19 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% Sources of funding over time Cluster organisation age: 0-4 yrs 5-9 yrs 10+ yrs 20. 20 You need a cluster manager who can build and walk bridges 21. 21 Cluster managers background Previous work experience 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% Private sector Academia Public sector Non-profit Financial inst. Experience: 0-1 yrs 2-9 yrs 10+ yrs 22. 22 Begin with the low- hanging fruit 23. 23 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% Identity and brand Strategy and vision Innovation and R&D Business environment Growth and investment HR uppgrading Export promotion Value chain development HR supply Joint purchasing High prio Mid prio Low prio Not done Objectives 24. 24 Building the cluster commons