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<p> 1. CGW4U ERIC JIN 2. </p> <ul><li>The 2006 Thailand coup d'tat took place on Tuesday 19 September 2006, when the Royal Thai Army staged a coup d'tat against the elected government of caretaker Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra. The coup d'tat, which was Thailand's first non-constitutional change of government in fifteen years, followed a year-long political crisis involving Thaksin and political opponents and occurred less than a month before nation-wide House elections were originally scheduled to be held. The military cancelled the upcoming elections, suspended the Constitution, dissolved Parliament, banned protests and all political activities, suppressed and censored the media, declared martial law, and arrested Cabinet members. </li></ul> <p> 3. </p> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>BIRTHDAY: July 26,1949</li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>BORN IN: Chiengmai, Thailand</li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>NATIONALITY: Thai</li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>RELIGION: Buddhism</li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <p> 4. </p> <ul><li>The new rulers, led by general Sonthi Boonyaratglin and organised in a Council for Democratic Reform (CDR), issued a pronunciamiento on 21 September setting out their reasons for taking power and giving a commitment to restore democratic government within one year. However, the CDR also announced that after elections and the establishment of a democratic government, the council would be transformed into a permanent Council of National Security whose future role in Thai politics was not explained. The CNS later drafted an interim charter and appointed retired General Surayud Chulanont as Premier. Martial law was lifted in 41 of Thailand's 76 provinces on 26 January 2007 but remained in place in another 35 provinces. </li></ul> <ul><li>Elections were later scheduled for 23 December 2007, but only after a military-appointed tribunal outlawed the Thai Rak Thai party of Thaksin Shinawatra and banned TRT executives from contesting in elections for 5 years. </li></ul> <p> 5. Sonthi Boonyaratglin: Sonthi Bunyaratkalin) (2 October 1946) is former Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Thai Army and former head of the Council for National Security, the military junta that rules the kingdom. He is the first Muslim in charge of the mostly Buddhist army.. On 19 September 2006, he became the de facto head of government of Thailand after overthrowing the elected government in a coup d'tat After retiring from the Army in 2007, he became Deputy Prime Minister, in charge of national security.</p>