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  • The Citadel Archives & Museum

    171 Moultrie Street Charleston, S.C. 29409

    The Bruce Catton Papers A1979.1

    Biography Bruce Catton (October 9, 1899 – August 28, 1978) was an American journalist and notable historian of the American Civil War. Born in Petroskey, Michigan, Bruce Catton studied at Oberlin College. He left college to serve in the U.S. Navy during World War I. In 1926, he began his career as a journalist. In World War II, he served as Director of Information with the War Production Board. In 1952, he became a full time author. He was one of four founders of American Heritage magazine and served as editor 1954 and senior editor 1959 until his death. Mr. Catton received the Pulitzer Prize for A Stillness at Appomattox in 1954, the Ohioana Library Association Non-Fiction award for The Coming Fury in 1962 and The Presidential Freedom Medal in 1977.

    Mr. Catton was invited by General Mark W. Clark, President of The Citadel, to address the Corps of Cadets as a Greater Issues Speaker in 1961 as part of the centennial commemoration of the firing on the Star of the West.

    Scope and Content Note The Citadel Archives & Museum received the papers of Bruce Catton in 1978 under the terms of his will. The collection consists of twenty linear feet and was catalogued in 1983 by Jane Yates, Archivist.

    The papers consist of research notes and literary manuscripts 1951-1961. Mr. E. B. Long, author and professor of American Studies at the University of Wyoming, was in charge of the research program for Mr. Catton’s Centennial History of the Civil War. Mr. Long’s typewritten research notes are arranged chronologically and geographically and cover economics, politics and battles from 1820-1865. Mr. Catton’s literary manuscripts, Glory Road, 1952; A Stillness at Appomattox, 1953; U.S. Grant and the American Military Tradition, 1954; Banners at Shenandoah, 1955; This Hallowed Ground, 1956; Grant Moves South, 1960; The Coming Fury, 1961, are part of the collection. One document box contains correspondence 1952-1961 with publishers.

  • Bruce Catton Papers

    Scope and Content Note Continued

    Mr. Catton was the recipient of letters and diaries (1861-1865) from readers who donated their family’s papers for his research use. These letters and diaries, which are part of the collection, were written by Union troops concerning war activities. Some of the Union troops were stationed in South Carolina. Newspaper clippings of the same period, chiefly from The Chicago Tribune and Cincinnati Daily Gazette are included in the collection. Box # 1-27 Research notes 1951-1961 arranged chronologically and geographically cover economics, politics and battles from 1820-1865 with emphasis on the Civil War Period.

    28 Correspondence with publishers 1952-1961. 29-43 Manuscripts 44-48 Letters 1861-1865 written by Union troops to their families. 49 and Clippings 1861-1865, from The Chicago Tribune Archives and Cincinnati Daily Gazette. Flat File Cabinet A1979.1

  • Bruce Catton Papers 3 Finding Aid Box 1 Research Notes: File Economics - North and South 1859-1865. 1 Blockade Operations: South. 35 pgs. Blockade Operations: North. 18 pgs. Blockade: 1862-1865 4 sections Blockade: Eyewitness South. 37 pgs. Blockade: Eyewitness North. 40 pgs. Blockade: General 39 pgs. 2 Economics I: General 44 pgs. Economics I: North 11 pgs. Economics I: General 12 pgs. CSS Mississippi Economics I: General Causes 17 pgs. Economics I: General 4 pgs. Organization & Sources Economics: General Confederacy 6 pgs. 1859 Slave Incident 6 pgs. 3 Economics II: Agriculture. 23 pgs. Economics II: Agriculture. Salt 10 pgs. Economics II: Agriculture. South 26 pgs. Economics II: Agriculture. North 19 pgs. Economics II: Agriculture. 7 pgs. Frederick Law Olmstead 4 Economics III: Commerce. Telegraph 27 pgs. Economics III: Commerce. Transportation, Horses 18 pgs. Economics III: Commerce. 19 pgs. Economics III: Commerce. Transportation, Rivers, etc. 6 pgs.

    "Telegraphing in Battle". The Century Illustrated Monthly. Vol. 38, no. 5. Sept.1889. 12 pgs.

  • Bruce Catton Papers 4 Finding Aid Box 1 Research Notes File 5 Economics IV. Industry & Business. North 14 pgs. Economics IV. Industry & Business. Arms & Ammunition. South. 48 pgs. Economics IV. Industry & Business. Arms & Munitions. North 7 pgs. Economics, Industry & Business General 13 pgs. Economics, Industry, Labor 16 pgs. Economics IV. Industry & Business Confederate 17 pgs. 6 Economics V. Finance. South. 27 pgs. Economics V. Finance. North 36 pgs. 7 Cotton & Trade With Enemy. 40 pgs (In a separate folder) Economics, Trade with Enemy, General Notes. 28 pgs. Trade with the Enemy 1863. Union 46 pgs. Trade with the Enemy Confederate 2 pgs. Trade with the Enemy. Red River 58 pgs. Trade with the Enemy Union 1864 36 pgs. Trade with the Enemy. Miscellaneous. 13 pgs. Trade with the Enemy. Union 1861-1862 73 pgs. Trade with the Enemy. Confederate 36 pgs. Economics, Cotton. 55 pgs. 8 Tennessee Economics 16 pgs

  • Bruce Catton Papers 5 Finding Aid Box 2 Research Notes 1820-1854 period. File 1 1820 and before - Colonial Periods. Summary and Outline of Notes 23 pgs. 1820 and before - Colonial Period 23 pgs. 1820 and before - The Revolution & Govt. 39 pgs. 1820 and before - The Revolution & Gov't. 20 pgs. 1820 and before - Early Republic & Cotton Revolution. 17 pgs. 1820 and before - The Missouri Compromise. 19 pgs. 1820 and before - Revolution & Gov't. Slavery. approx. 30 pgs. The American Civil War Chronology. 6 pgs (E. B. Long, author) 2 Chronology 1820-1840. 5 pgs. 1820-1840 General Notes. 49 pgs. 1820-1840 Abolition & Defense of Slavery. 41 pgs. 1820-1840 The Free Negro. 8 pgs. 1820-1840 McCormick Reaper. 2 pgs. 1820-1840 Texas. 4 pgs. 1820-1840 Slave Trade. 4 pgs. 3 Chronology 1840-1850. 6 pgs. 1840-1850 Outline of Events. 14 pgs. 1840-1850 To Mexican War. 6 pgs. 1840-1850 Charles Dickens. 7 pgs. 1840-1850 Native Americans. 12 pgs. 1840-1850 Slavery in Territories 1849. 12 pgs. 1840-1850 Slavery in Territories. 20 pgs. 1840-1850 Compromise of 1850. 53 pgs. 1840-1850 Mexican War. 6 pgs. 4 1851-1854 Events. (1851 Feb. 15 - 1851 Dec. 7) 10 pgs. 1851-1854 Events. (1852 March 20 - 1852 Nov. 2) 16 pgs. 1851-1854 Events. (1853 Feb. 12 - 1853 Oct. 22) 4 pgs.

  • Bruce Catton Papers 6 Finding Aid Box 3 Research Notes 1854-1860 period. File 1 1854 Outline of Events 3 pgs. 1854 Know Nothings Party 24 pgs. (anti Catholic movement) 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act 50 pgs. 1854 Anthony Burns Case (fugitive slave case in Boston) 7 pgs. 1854 Kansas 22 pgs. 1854 Tourists in South 10 pgs. 1854 Republican Party - Lincoln 13 pgs. 1854 Ostend Manifesto 1 pgs. 2 1855 General Notes 18 pgs. 3 1856 Outline of Events 8 pgs. Politics - Election 47 pgs. 1856 - Political - Sumner -Brooks etc. 25 pgs 1856 Kansas 20 pgs. 1856 Letters of a Tourist 5 pgs. 1856 Summary of Kansas 3 pgs. (8x12 paper, onion skin) 4 Dred Scott decision and Kansas 3 pgs. (8x12 paper, onion skin) 1857 Outline of events 4 pgs. 1857 Kansas 9 pgs. 1857 Politics & General 17 pgs. 1857 Impending Crisis - Helper and his books 16 pgs. 1857 Dred Scott 22 pgs. 5 1858 Outline of Events 3 pgs. 1858 Lincoln and Douglas Debates 44 pgs. 1858 Kansas & Politics 31 pgs. Brief View of 1858 Events 3 pgs. (8x12 paper, onion skin

  • Bruce Catton Papers 7 Findi