The Fight for Peaceby Devere Allen;The History of Peaceby A. C. F. Beales

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  • World Affairs Institute

    The Fight for Peace by Devere Allen; The History of Peace by A. C. F. BealesAdvocate of Peace through Justice, Vol. 93, No. 2 (May, 1931), p. 126Published by: World Affairs InstituteStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20681571 .Accessed: 16/06/2014 12:17

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  • 126 Advocate of Peace, May, 1931

    Book Reviews The Fight for Peace, by Devere Allen. Pp. 716

    and index. Macmillan, New York, 1931. Price, $5.

    The History of Peace, by A. C. F. Beales. Pp. 344 and index. C. Bell & Sons, Ltd., London. 1931. Price, 16s, net.

    Again the conflict between the two attitudes to ward methods of securing world peace is illustra

    ted; the first book above shows it in the radical absolutism of the author; the second in the facts of the story, itself, impartially told from an Eng lish point of view. Both Mr. Allen and Mr. Beales have patiently studied the history of the

    peace movement. The former, particularly well

    steeped in the literature of the American peace movement, is fired by crusading ardor for the non

    resistant theory. Nevertheless his chapter on

    "Trial and Error," detailing faithfully the story of the peace workers, even including the Quaker

    Whittier, who, in the Civil War, were led to sup port war rather than slavery, is actually an ob

    ject lesson showing the age-long dilemma of

    peace lovers when injustice has already precipi tated war, a dilemma which might so easily happen again unless war can be prevented. But in Mr. Allen's thinking there is an absolutism in the ideal of peace before which all other loyalties should bow. He does, therefore, scant justice to the America Peace Society and its official actions dur

    ing war times. As in the days of Ladd, Beckwith and Burritt,

    however, the place where all peace workers can meet and labor together is in the construction of better international organs through which dis

    putes can be solved in the elimination of causes

    of international friction and in fostering a spirit of interpretive and tolerant understanding, not

    only between nations, but also between peace workers.

    Mr. Allen's final chapter sounds a moving call to all such cooperative labors. "Can the peace forces," he asks, "wrest from war the least excuse

    for being by grappling with the world as it is and shaping it to serve a more exacting race?"

    Mr. Beales' rather ambitious title is modified in the subtitle to "a short account of the organ ized movement for international peace." Its

    atmosphere is academic and correspondingly de

    pendable. He divides the theme, after an in

    troductory survey of early peace plans, into the

    peace movement in its beginnings from 1815 to

    1867; its expansion up to 1889; its status at the close of the World War and the international

    community since the war. He finds a change be tween conditions in the world of 1815 and 1915,

    making war less of an apparent necessity of late and tries to find how far "peace mongers" have been responsible for the change.

    All the way through he differentiates between the philosophy of peace, with its "fanatical con

    sistency" more widely accepted in the British, Quaker-led peace movement, and the practical schemes which were better developed, he finds, in

    America.

    It will be interesting to members of this So

    ciety, founded by William Ladd, to notice Mr. Beales' final paragraph in which he speaks of en

    lightened self-interest as the one quality which men of all nations have now in common and sees aheacl a world of "automatic checks and bal ances." "And this," he concludes, "is no more

    nor less than Ladd's Congress of Nations."

    Colossal Blunders of the War, by William Seaver Woods. Pp. 269 and index. Macmil

    lan, New York, 1930. Price, $2.50.

    It is at least encouraging to see that in this intensive study of blunders America spreads over

    only 40 pages, as against 70 for England and France together, 74 for Germany and 80 for those

    blunders which drove Russia Bolshevik. The main error so far as the United States is concerned seems to have been lack of preparation for war, on the theory, of course, that it is better to be

    ready and not have to go, than to go and not be

    ready. The facts which Mr. Woods utilizes so bril

    liantly are well documented. His lens becomes a

    burning glass. The indictments are no less than

    scorching. His hope is that similar blunders may be avoided in another war if they are pitilessly acknowledged now. In fact, he says that already certain mistakes of those years are corrected in our Army training.

    Admitting that all Mr. Woods' indictments are

    true, logic would seem to lead still further and

    supplement the four parts here dealing with seg ments of the question to arrive at the most

    collossal of all blunders, that of the war itself.

    To the ordinary practical mind preventive meas

    ures might be pursued more profitably here than

    anywhere else. It is evident that the author, too, feels some such truth, for, in the case of Germany's failure to make pre-war peace plans possible, he

    says, "Even if we should grant the German claim

    the 'the war was forced upon us,' it still re

    mains probable that with Germany's active aid, peace could have been forced upon Europe, and

    it is now clear as daylight that that was the only wise plan. The other was fatal."

    Prevention of war is itself a task to engage all

    the wisdom and foresight of all the race. For

    when we have eliminated all those losses of life

    and property due to faulty generalship or insuffi

    cient training and supplies there still remain those

    terrific losses incident to any modern war, however

    expertly waged, losses which are, seemingly, just as unnecessary as any that are due to faulty

    technique.

    Political Handbook of the World.?Parlia

    ments, Parties and Press, as of January,

    1931, edited by Walter H. Mallory. Pp. 200.

    Yale University Press, New Haven, 1931. Price,

    $2.50.

    The Council on Foreign Relations, with offices at

    45 East 65th Street, New York City, has been

    issuing these reference books annually since 1928.

    They are invaluable tools when used for the cur

    rent year, or reliable history for the past season.

    The countries of the world are alphabetically

    arranged; their political officials listed, party pro

    grams and leaders described.

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    Article Contentsp. 126

    Issue Table of ContentsAdvocate of Peace through Justice, Vol. 93, No. 2 (May, 1931), pp. 67-128Our Referendum on the World Court [pp. 67-67]Why We Do Not Recognize Russia [pp. 67-69]"Respectable Defensive Posture" [pp. 69-70]The New Order in Spain [pp. 70-75]WORLD PROBLEMS IN REVIEWForced Labor in Soviet Russia [pp. 75-82]Franco-Italian Naval Negotiations [pp. 82-85]Cabinet of the Spanish Republic [pp. 85-85]The Course of Arbitration in 1930 [pp. 85-87]

    The Contribution of the War Policies Commission to the Peace Movement [pp. 87-94]The Human Element in Industrial Crises [pp. 94-101]A Challenge to Business Men [pp. 102-107]The Austro-German Economic Agreement [pp. 108-109]An International Justice of the Peace and His Constable [pp. 110-119]Inter-Parliamentary Union: Convocation of the 37th Conference [pp. 119-120]INTERNATIONAL DOCUMENTSThe Austro-German Customs Union [pp. 121-123]

    News in Brief [pp. 123-125]Book ReviewsReview: untitled [pp. 126-126]Review: untitled [pp. 126-126]Review: untitled [pp. 126-127]Review: untitled [pp. 127-127]Review: untitled [pp. 127-127]Review: untitled [pp. 127-127]Review: untitled [pp. 128-128]Review: untitled [pp. 128-128]Review: untitled [pp. 128-128]